Recent News for Breeding and Reproduction

Article

Clostridium perfringens Genome Sequenced

January 24, 2002

Japanese scientists recently announced that they have sequenced the genome of Clostridium perfringens. The organism can cause diarrhea, scours, and other intestinal problems in horses. Clostridia are normally found in various environments... Read More

Article

Courts May Settle Artificial Insemination Debate

January 24, 2002

Published in the Jan. 26 issue of The Blood-Horse

Thoroughbred breeders who are happy with the industry's staunch opposition to artificial insemination and embryo transfer should not get too comfortable.

"Don't think... Read More

Article

Placentitis-Causing Bacterium Gets Name

January 15, 2002

Each year throughout the United States, mares lose their pregnancies due to placentitis or an infection in the placenta. Placentitis causes lesions in the placenta, which provides nourishment from the mare to the fetus. When that nourishment is... Read More

Article

Three to be Sentenced in Nevada Wild-Horse Killings

January 14, 2002

According to an Associated Press report, two men charged in the killing of 34 wild horses in the hills east of Reno, Nev., pleaded no contest Jan. 7 to single gross misdemeanor counts, and a third defendant pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor.... Read More

Article

Investigating Foal Respiratory Disease

January 09, 2002

"While many outbreaks of respiratory disease in foals are infectious in nature, this is not always the case," she began. "Environmental factors can have a profound effect."... Read More

Article

Assessing Sperm Quality

January 03, 2002

Laboratory assays have been developed which evaluate multiple sperm parameters on large numbers of sperm in a semen sample. These assays may prove useful in evaluating semen prior to insemination or at the beginning of the breeding season.... Read More

Article

Wild Horse Killings Anger Community

January 03, 2002

Corolla, N.C., residents have pulled together to help find the killer of four wild horses that were shot to death in Nov., 2001. A $10,000 bounty has been posted for information that leads to a felony conviction of the killer, according to an... Read More

Article

Breeding Planning: Selecting A Sire

January 01, 2002

When you drive by a farm and see a bright, playful young foal romping in a lush pasture with his dam, it's easy to forget how much work, money, and planning went into his breeding. Many people underestimate the planning that goes into a... Read More

Article

Mother's Milk: Understanding Mare Lactation

January 01, 2002

Many think that lactation in the mare is not that important, especially compared to the dairy cow, from which milk is taken directly for human consumption. However, the importance of lactation in the mare must not be underestimated. Indeed, some... Read More

Article

In the Aftermath of Birth--Retained Placenta

January 01, 2002

The birth of a foal is a wondrous event; if all goes well, it is over quickly as the mare goes through the three stages of labor. The first stage generally involves restlessness as the mare paces the stall, paws, lies down, gets back up, and... Read More

Article

Pericarditis Study Results Released

December 17, 2001

Pericarditis is a disease involving the sac around the heart and the heart itself. The disease is uncommon. During the spring of 2001, however, an unexpectedly large number of cases... Read More

Article

Mild Winter Weather: Affect on Horses

December 17, 2001

It is well-accepted that the foal losses and other problems seen in several states in the spring of 2001 were triggered by environmental factors, meaning weather. Farmers and livestock managers have known for years that weather conditions affect the ... Read More

Article

Breeding Contracts: Read the Fine Print

December 01, 2001

Spring -- a time for new beginnings and unrealized potential -- might be the most enjoyable season of the year for a mare owner. The sight of a healthy foal romping with its dam in the field can easily pus... Read More

Article

Turnout Time for Warmblood Foals

December 01, 2001

I am being told by "professionals" that warmblood foals should be turned out a limited amount of time. The "professionals" were a farrier (who shoes Olympic-quality horses) and a respected veterinarian. Their reasoning is that warmblood babies grow... Read More

Article

Testing Passive Transfer of Antibodies

December 01, 2001

Q. In an article about the newborn foal’s care (article #287), Christina Cable, DVM, talks about the CITE test as one of the most frequently use... Read More

Article

Foaling Problems

December 01, 2001

A medical doctor once told me, "There’s only a 1% chance that a problem will develop, but if it develops in you, then it’s 100% a problem." So it goes with foaling: Foaling difficulties occur in less than 1% of births, but if it’s your mare, thi... Read More

Article

MRLS Research Yields Answers

December 01, 2001

The University of Kentucky (UK) College of Agriculture released guidelines (below) to help horse owners and farm managers avoid mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) and the uveitis (eye) and pericarditis (heart) problems that struck horses in... Read More

Article

MRLS Kentucky Economic Impact: $336 Million

December 01, 2001

More than 30% of the anticipated 2002 Thoroughbred foal crop in Kentucky was lost due to mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) this spring. The economic cost to the state from losses suffered by all horse breeds will total nearly $336 million,... Read More

Article

MRLS Jacks Up Insurance Rates; Policies Offered as Incentives

November 15, 2001

Prospective foal insurance used to be about the new owner of a pregnant broodmare protecting his investment after the purchase. At this year's Keeneland November breeding stock sale, insurance coverage became an
incentive to buy the mare in... Read More

Article

TV Series Focuses on Horse Genome Project

November 12, 2001

The horse genome project and the pros and cons of genetic tinkering within breeding will be the focus of a "Science Times" segment that will air Tuesday, Nov. 13 at 9:00 (EST). Science Times is a television series produced jointly by National... Read More

Article

MRLS Not Expected To Have Lingering Effects

November 07, 2001

“Our best guess is that mares in foal should produce normal foals, and mares which are open should have no problem getting in foal next year,” stated Dr. John Steiner, a veterinary reproductive specialist with the firm of... Read More

Article

Some To Grow On

November 02, 2001

The studies have been done, the jury is in, and the verdict is unanimous: if you want your foals to achieve their optimum growth, with the least risk of developmental orthopedic disorders like contracted tendons and physitis, plan to "creep feed"... Read More

Article

Unusual Placentitis Cases Decrease

November 02, 2001

The cases of nocardioform placentitis in Central Kentucky fell from 144 cases during the 1999 foaling season to 48 in 2000, according to a report in Equine Disease Quarterly, a publication funded by Underwriters At Lloyd's of London,... Read More

Article

USDA Seeks EVA Comments

November 02, 2001

The U.S. Department of Agriculture needs your help to develop an equine viral arteritis (EVA) regulatory program for U.S. horses.

The equine industry regards the disease as a potentially significant and increasing economic threat. Currently... Read More

Article

Test-Tube Foals Born In England

November 01, 2001

Europe's first successful intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) foals were recently born in Newmarket, England, as a part of a research program designed to create better sport horses. The foals were born March 21 and 28.

Professor Twink... Read More