Straw, the byproduct of grain production, is economical horse bedding. While it’s not as absorbent as other options, straw is often recommended for foaling stalls because it won’t stick to wet newborns.


Fertilization and Early Pregnancy Loss in Mares

April 27, 2012

One of the most important causes of embryo loss during early gestation is post-breeding endometritis.... Read More


Nocardioform Placentitis Affecting Kentucky's 2011 Foal Crop

January 11, 2012

In 2011 more than 325 confirmed cases were submitted for evaluation--the largest number on record.... Read More


Equine Abortion Diagnosis and Beyond

July 11, 2011

Learn about the latest microbiological methods for detecting the cause of equine abortion with Dr. Erdal Erol.... Read More


AAEP 2010 Convention Complete Coverage

March 17, 2011

A wrap-up of the 2010 AAEP Convention, including in-depth coverage of nearly 100 presentations and sessions.... Read More


Increase in Abortions Noted in Kentucky Broodmares

February 01, 2011

The University of Kentucky's Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (VDL) has noted an increase in the number of abortions reported in Kentucky's 2011 foal crop, especially those caused by nocardioform placentitis. The VDL, which reported 19 cases from... Read More


Dummy Foal Syndrome (Equine Neonatal Maladjustment Syndrome)

December 01, 2010

Foals exhibit abnormal, often vague behaviors and/or neurologic signs during their first few days of life. ... Read More


Equine Fetal Life/Placenta

September 24, 2010

... Read More


Placentitis Research Could Help Prevent Late-Term Abortions

December 18, 2009

Placentitis, which often is caused by an ascending infection that enters the mare's uterus through the cervix, is the single most important cause of premature delivery of a foal. Placentitis accounts for nearly one-third of late-term aborti... Read More


Equine Placentitis: Common Causes and Newly Emerging Pathogens

April 15, 2008

During the past six years (Jan. 2, 2002 - Jan. 31, 2008), 1,429 cases of equine placentitis have been diagnosed at the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (LDDC). Of these, 1,189 cases had an infectious agent identified.... Read More


Systemic Therapy in the High-Risk Mare

February 01, 2007

Several conditions can threaten pregnancy in the late gestational mare. C.S. Bailey, DVM, who is completing a theriogenology residency at the University of Florida and Hagyard Equine Medical Institute in Lexington, Ky., said some of these... Read More


Early Arrivals

December 01, 2006

Premature deliveries don't occur frequently, but when they do, difficult decisions must often be made.... Read More


Fetus at Risk

March 03, 2005

When a pregnant mare develops a problem that puts her fetus at risk, what can be done? Some of these foals can be saved if the problem can be discovered early and the mare given proper treatment to reverse the condition.

Jon Palmer, VMD,... Read More


Placentitis Treatment

March 03, 2005

Once a mare is diagnosed with placentitis, he said, it is incumbent upon the veterinarian to inform the owner about potential outcomes. The underlying message was that treatment of a premature foal in an intensive care facility can be expensive, with... Read More


Placenta Assessment and Examination

February 14, 2005

The examination of a well-preserved placenta adds value to a post-partum checkup. "What clients can do to help us is the timeliness of placental examination," he added. "There is little you can draw from a placenta that has been exhumed from beneath... Read More


Placentitis--General Information

February 14, 2005

The single most important cause of premature delivery of a foal is placentitis. It accounts for nearly one-third of late-term abortions and fetal mortality in the first day of life.... Read More


Placentitis--Placental and Post-Mortem Examination

February 14, 2005

Performance of a thorough placental examination, he said, requires a basic understanding of placental anatomy and some familiarity with the gross features found in a normal placenta.... Read More


Placentitis--Caring for the Foals

February 14, 2005

During the foaling season, Bain said, veterinarians are frequently called upon to deal with a foal that is the product of a mare with placentitis. These foals, he said, can range from being extremely early--300 days--with small size and organ functio... Read More


Australian Mystery Disease

November 29, 2004

Reports have been circulating that there is a disease similar to mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) occurring in Australia. In a correspondence, Nigel Perkins, BVSc, MS, Dipl. ACT, FACVSc, of the private consulting firm AusVet Animal Health... Read More


Open Mares

March 01, 2004

An experienced veterinarian can help to determine why a seemingly healthy mare can't become pregnant.... Read More


Equine Placenta Workshop: Placentitis

December 12, 2003

Mats Troedsson, DVM, Dipl. ACT, University of Florida (with co-author Walter Zent, DVM, of Lexington, Ky.), discussed clinical ultrasound in evaluation of the equine placenta to identify and treat mares with placentitis. He said placentitis is a... Read More


Equine Placenta and Possible Problems

December 08, 2003

A two-day exclusive gathering of leading reproductive researchers and practitioners from around the world convened at the Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center in Lexington, Ky., Dec. 5-6, to discuss the equine placenta. From the evolutionary... Read More


No Live Foal Guarantees

February 01, 2003

Subconsciously, you've been holding your breath for months. From the moment your mare was confirmed in foal, it's been a tense waiting game. And although she will be foaling soon, you know a healthy foal is still anything but a given. Between... Read More


Mare Milking Early

August 01, 2002

I have a Paso Fino mare whose due date is three months away and her milk bag is full, hot, and dripping very white milk. She has been waxed over for about a week now, but thankfully she seems to be in no distress. I can find no one with this... Read More


Placentitis-Causing Bacterium Gets Name

January 15, 2002

Each year throughout the United States, mares lose their pregnancies due to placentitis or an infection in the placenta. Placentitis causes lesions in the placenta, which provides nourishment from the mare to the fetus. When that nourishment is... Read More


Unusual Placentitis Cases Decrease

November 02, 2001

The cases of nocardioform placentitis in Central Kentucky fell from 144 cases during the 1999 foaling season to 48 in 2000, according to a report in Equine Disease Quarterly, a publication funded by Underwriters At Lloyd's of London,... Read More