Foal Care

Article

Congenital Cleft Palate

May 01, 1999

Congenital cleft palate in horses is an uncommon deformity affecting approximately 0.1-0.2% of the equine population. The condition is a malformation of the soft and sometimes hard palate where the left and right side fail to unite, forming a cleft... Read More

Article

There Was a Crooked Foal

May 01, 1999

A newborn foal, teetering on spidery legs, has a knock-kneed, awkward charm that can melt hearts. ... Read More

Article

Testicular Descent

April 01, 1999

A discussion of cryptorchidism in young stallions is fraught with controversy. Everyone agrees on what constitutes cryptorchidism, but that sometimes is as far as agreement goes. We know that the condition involves the retention of one or both... Read More

Article

Foals and Meconium Impaction

February 01, 1999

Passing the meconium is, to me, the second-biggest hurdle a foal must overcome after birth--the first, obviously, is making the transition from the protected life within the uterus to life outside the uterus (breathing, standing, nursing).... Read More

Article

Foal IgG (Antibody)

February 01, 1999

The foal is born with a functional immune system (if all is normal), but has a general absence of immunoglobulins to aid in the defense against infection. The foal acquires his initial immunoglobulin protection from the mare's first milk, which... Read More

Article

Feeding The Orphan Foal

January 01, 1999

Every breeder dreads finding himself or herself with an orphan foal--a baby left alone when his dam dies of foaling complications or from a later, unrelated injury or illness; or a foal rejected by his mother or for some reason, unable to nurse.... Read More

Article

Fetal Development and Foal Growth

January 01, 1999

Foals born to mares which do not receive proper nourishment during gestation could be born weak.... Read More

Article

Premature Foals and Possible Problems

December 01, 1998

It's nearing the best time of the year again--foaling season. Although most foals are born in the spring of the year, between February and June, sometimes we see foals in late December or early January. Often these tiny newborns delivered to our... Read More

Article

Foal Pneumonia

October 01, 1998

Your three-month-old foal has made it through the birthing process and the vulnerable neonatal period and now seems to be carefree--your little one just has to grow up to fulfill his destiny as a performance... Read More

Article

Weaning Strategies

August 01, 1998

No one looks forward to weaning time. There's nothing quite as heart-rending as the sound of a panicky foal, galloping up and down the fence line calling desperately for the mother who's been taken away--unless it's the sound of his dam calling... Read More

Article

Umbilical Hernia

May 01, 1998

I have been told that my horse has an umbilical hernia. What exactly is an umbilical hernia and what can be done to correct it?

A hernia is defined as a "protrusion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening." The... Read More

Article

A Deadly Cough

March 01, 1998

When foals get sick, horse owners can sometimes face many sleepless nights, as well as weeks or months of intensive management, to get these babies through the rough spots. One of the most common problems in the ill foal is pneumonia, caused by ... Read More

Article

Kentucky Thoroughbred Farm Manager's Club: Keeping Mares and Foals Healthy

February 17, 1998

The middle of foaling season was an appropriate time for farm managers in Central Kentucky to brush up on some of the finer points of keeping foals and mares healthy. Veterinarian Karen Wolfsdorf of Hagyard, Davidson, & McGee,... Read More

Article

Tyzzer's Disease

January 09, 1998

Tyzzer's disease affects many species of animals. It was originally described as an illness of mice, but has also been reported to cause disease in dogs, cats, rats, gerbils, rabbits, guinea pigs, monkeys, muskrats, hamsters, and foals. Tyzzer's... Read More

Article

Newborn Knowledge

January 01, 1998

Final preparations will need to be made so that the newborn foal gets the best chance at life.... Read More

Article

Foal Imprinting

January 01, 1998

A mare goes into labor. Powerful and swift contractions expel a foal that,  for a short time, lies helpless in the straw or on the grass. A handler quietly approaches the wet creature that is drawing its first breaths. This... Read More

Article

Cleft Palate in Horses

January 01, 1998

My filly, which is only a few days old, dribbles milk from her nose when she nurses her dam. The veterinarian who delivered her has been back out to check this, and he tells me that she has a cleft palate. Does this mean the same as it does... Read More

Article

Baby Boosters

January 01, 1998

Foals, just as infants, are vulnerable to disease and infection because their young bodies are naive to the world of germs and bacteria. The inclination, particularly for horse owners who choose to vaccinate their own horses, is to... Read More

Article

The Orphan Foal

December 01, 1997

The birth of a long-awaited foal is an occasion to celebrate. All of the planning, breeding dates, pregnancy c... Read More

Article

Transporting Foals

April 04, 1997

The necessity of foals being shipped can arise for a variety of different reasons, including traveling with the mare to a breeding farm, moving to a new farm after purchase, or traveling to a hospital due to illness or injury of the foal or mare.... Read More

Article

Focus: Physitis

April 01, 1997

Developmental orthopedic disease (DOD) remains one of the top concerns of breeders worldwide. Not one condition, but rather a series of related syndromes, DOD encompasses anything that contributes to poor skeletal development in foals: angular... Read More

Article

Flexural Deformities

March 01, 1997

It is a sad sight when it happens. The newly born foal struggles to its feet and stands there wobbling on forelimbs and/or hindlimbs that can't seem to bear the weight. There might be a knuckling over at the pastern with the foal literally... Read More

Article

DOD: Developmental Orthopedic Disorders

September 01, 1996

Ask six veterinarians what causes developmental orthopedic disorders in foals and you might get six different answers. According to Tina Kemper, DVM, there could very well be six causes, and possibly more. Kemper specializes in equine internal... Read More

Article

Respiratory Disease In Foals

April 01, 1996

What are the best things to do to prevent pneumonia and other problems from happening in the first place? ... Read More

Article

Breaks At Birth

January 01, 1996

In humans you tape them. In dogs you can fix them with a cage that fits outside the chest. But in foals, cracked or fractured ribs can be hard to find, present no easy solutions, and can be life-threatening.

Each winter and spring as foals... Read More