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Article

Mosquitos and Disease: Halt the Assault

April 01, 2004

WNV isn't the only threat posed by the common mosquito. All forms of arboviral encephalitis (arthropod-borne neurologic disease)--some of which, like WNV, can afflict both horses and humans--are mosquito-borne, as are malaria, dengue fever... Read More

Article

Diet: When Horses Need Less Carbs

April 01, 2004

Research suggests some horses (growing foals, laminitic horses, etc.) could do well on low-glycemic diets. ... Read More

Article

Strongyles: The Worst of the Worms

April 01, 2004

Ever since the battle against internal parasites began, researchers, veterinarians, and horse owners have recognized a common enemy--strongyles, sometimes called bloodworms (or, in the United Kingdom, redworms). The largest and most significant... Read More

Article

Pest Control: The Death Squad

April 01, 2004

When it comes to pest control products, the safest choices lie with EPA-approved chemical formulations developed for horse use, such as DEET, pyrethrins/pyrethroids, and organophosphates, or the EPA GRAS ("generally regarded as safe") ... Read More

Article

Ivermectin Resistance in Foals

April 01, 2004

On many breeding farms, Parascaris equorum (roundworms) and other intestinal parasites in young foals are now controlled with one class of dewormer. This has become common because of the belief that certain drugs, like ivermectin, are... Read More

Article

Miniature Horses' Eyes

April 01, 2004

It is tempting for veterinarians to use laboratory reference ranges collected from full-sized horses when treating miniature horses. This is not always appropriate, however, as miniature horses have some breed characteristics that are only now... Read More

Article

Ready for Retirement?

April 01, 2004

As the average lifespan for a horse increases, how do we make retired life as comfortable as possible? ... Read More

Compression of the spinal cord, whether because of misaligned or malformed vertebrae or some other problem, causes the distinctive "wobble" of wobbler syndrome. This compression injures or kills the nerves that are responsible for sensing the position of the limbs. This, of course, leads to the lack of awareness that causes clumsiness and incoordination.

Article

What's Wobbler Syndrome?

April 01, 2004

Wobbler, also known as wobbles, takes its name from its primary sign--a wobbling or uncoordinated gait. ... Read More

Article

Captive Bolt Controversy

April 01, 2004

No matter your position on equine slaughter, there is a question in the minds of horse owners of whether a penetrating captive bolt is a "humane" form of euthanasia for horses. Many individuals and groups are dismissing captive bolt as inhumane,... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus--An Evolving Epizootic

April 01, 2004

"West Nile virus (WNV) is coming to a state near you if it hasn't already arrived," said Eileen Ostlund, DVM, PhD, head of the equine/ovine viruses section at the Diagnostic Virology Laboratory, National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames,... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Questions and Answers

April 01, 2004

In a question and answer session at the Western Veterinary Conference, Eileen Ostlund, DVM, PhD, head of the equine and ovine viruses section at the Diagnostic Virology Laboratory, National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa, offered... Read More

Article

Texas Horse Owners Aware of WNV Threat

April 01, 2004

Reports have surfaced that horse owners in Texas are becoming complacent and have backed off vaccinating their animals for West Nile virus (WNV), which has infected nearly 2,400 horses in the state since late 2002. Angela Pelzel, DVM, an... Read More

Article

Research Foundation Announces 2004 Grants

April 01, 2004

The Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation (GJCRF) has announced $850,888 in funding for 20 projects in 2004, which will be distributed to investigating scientists at a dozen universities. This brings the GJCRF's total funding since 1983 to... Read More

Article

Old Horse Care and Feeding

April 01, 2004

Of the 5.32 million horses and ponies in the United States, 400,000 (over 7.5%) are 20 years or older and considered geriatric, according to Frank Andrews, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVIM. About 50 horse owners convened at the University of Tennessee's (UT... Read More

Article

AQHA Equine Public Service Award

April 01, 2004

The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) is accepting applications for its annual Equine Public Service Award until May 1. The award recognizes American Quarter Horses which are specifically used in the public service sector, including, but... Read More

Article

Shipping of In-Foal PMU Mares on Hold

April 01, 2004

The shipment of PMU (pregnant mare urine) mares from farms in the United States and Canada was put on hold in February until after the foaling season, unless the shipping distance is very short.

The reason, says Nat Messer IV, DVM, Dipl.... Read More

Article

Illinois Slaughter Legislation

April 01, 2004

New legislation to ban the slaughter of horses for human consumption in the state of Illinois was introduced Feb. 6, 2004, in the Illinois House of Representatives in the form of HB 6570. On Feb. 18, 2004, the bill was referred to the House... Read More

Article

Captive Bolt: Comments From The Industry

April 01, 2004

One item in the debate on equine slaughter is the use of captive bolt for euthanasia. This is the same method used on other livestock killed during slaughter or during a disease outbreak (such as foot and mouth disease on farms in England).... Read More

Article

Animal Identification Plan Largely Misunderstood

April 01, 2004

Comments collected on the draft U.S. Animal Identification Plan (USAIP) have been largely characterized by misunderstanding and frustration, according to one government official. The plan, which at this time is not an official program of the... Read More

Article

Welfare Involvement at Local Levels

April 01, 2004

A Pike County, Ohio, resident reported suspected abuse in a 52-horse herd in mid-December 2003 to a veterinarian, who asked local law enforcement officials to have the horses examined. By Jan. 9, the horses in question had been examined by three... Read More

Article

Neurologic EHV-1 Case Confirmed at University of Wisconsin

April 01, 2004

The Hoofer Equestrian Center (HEC) at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (UWM), voluntarily quarantined its lower barn on Feb. 8 after two horses housed there showed neurologic signs of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1). Both horses were later... Read More

Article

Central Kentucky Eastern Tent Caterpillar Status

March 31, 2004

Lee Townsend, Dan Potter, and Beth Ann Choate
Department of Entomology
University of Kentucky

Most eastern tent caterpillar (ETC) egg masses should have hatched by now in central Kentucky. Scattered observations point to... Read More

Article

Foreign Animal Disease Investigations

March 30, 2004

"Veterinary practitioners are the cornerstone of foreign animal disease (FAD) surveillance in the United States," said Eileen Ostlund, DVM, PhD, head of the equine and ovine viruses section at the Diagnostic Virology Laboratory, National... Read More

Article

Tennessee to Test Horse Show Bioterrorism Preparation

March 30, 2004

The Tennessee Department of Agriculture will test local, state and federal responses to a simulated act of bioterrorism at a major horse show today, according to a story on Read More

Article

More on the Recent Grass Sickness Link to Clostridium botulinum

March 29, 2004

Researchers in the United Kingdom recently advanced scientific knowledge of equine grass sickness with a three-year study that found the disease to be strongly associated with low antibody levels to the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.... Read More