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Article

R. equi on Breeding Farms

February 01, 2004

Rhodococcus equi is an organism that lives in soil, requiring warmth and nutrients found in horse manure to grow and spread among equine populations. It is the most common cause of pneumonia in foals one to four months of age, bringing... Read More

Article

Aging Changes in Muscles

February 01, 2004

The results of EMG analysis on muscle groups in the shoulder revealed that MUAP duration and amplitude were significantly lower in the youngest horses compared to the adult and senior groups.... Read More

Article

Linking Chronic Laminitis to Immunologic Hyperreactivity

February 01, 2004

The pathogenesis of chronic laminitis remains unclear. There is growing evidence, however, of a link between this condition and the development of certain systemic diseases, such as kidney disease, that involve small blood vessel damage. There... Read More

Article

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Healing Under Pressure

February 01, 2004

HBOT is one of the most powerful tools available as an adjunctive form of therapy, and in some cases it works well as the primary therapy in horses, says Casner. Colic and laminitis are the number one and two killers, respectively, of horses... Read More

Article

Glass Half Full?

February 01, 2004

Mud. Yuck! Is there any worse problem that we face in our equine environment than simple dirt and water mixed into a gooey sludge? The English have a great word for going out into the mud--they "slog" through it. Certainly sounds like what... Read More

Article

New WNV Equine Recombinant DNA Vaccine Approved

February 01, 2004

Editor's note: A letter to the editor from Fort Dodge Animal Health cited inaccuracies in this article and has been included below.

A new West Nile virus... Read More

Article

Purdue Team Solves WNV Structure

February 01, 2004

Purdue University biologists recently determined the viral structure of the West Nile virus (WNV), a development that could greatly augment our understanding of the virus' life cycle.

Using cryoelectron microscopy and advanced imaging... Read More

Article

New Electronic Certificates of Veterinary Inspection

February 01, 2004

The USDA's Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health announced to industry stakeholders Oct. 22, 2003, that Veterinary Services (VS) is working with six states on an electronic Interstate Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (ICVI) project. Thi... Read More

Article

Cloned Pregnancy Lost at Texas A&M

February 01, 2004

A research mare at Texas A&M (TAMU) carrying a cloned foal recently lost her pregnancy. "We lost it at nine months of gestation via premature separation of the placenta and placentitis (placental infection), which we treated for three weeks... Read More

Article

Mare/Foal Interaction

February 01, 2004

Abby L. Fowden, of the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, discussed nutritive and endocrine functions of the placenta at the first Equine Placenta Workshop held at the University of Kentucky Gluck Equine Research Center on Dec. 5-6,... Read More

Article

Cribbing and Colic

February 01, 2004

Cribbing, the oral stereotypic behavior in which the horse grabs an object with his teeth while flexing his neck and sometimes swallowing air, has long been suspected as a cause of colic. A study from the Universities of Illinois and Liverpool... Read More

Article

Multiple Ovulations

February 01, 2004

Colorado State University's Ed Squires, PhD, an honorary Diplomate in the American College of Theriogenology (reproduction), presented several lectures at the 2003 American Association of Equine Practitioners convention. One presentation was on... Read More

Article

American Quarter Horse Assn. Position on Slaughter

February 01, 2004

The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) reiterated its position on euthanasia and horse slaughter in the wake of an accusatory Blue Horse Charities letter that was disseminated to the racing industry in early November (see article #Read More

Article

Equine Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot

February 01, 2004

Laminitis was the primary focus of the Second International Equine Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot, held Nov. 10-11 in West Palm Beach, Fla. This conference is held every other year and sponsored in large part by John K. and... Read More

Article

Evaluating and Measuring Hoof Shape

February 01, 2004

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, recently developed a new three-dimensional system for measuring various aspects of the horse's sole. One day their work might help ascertain if hoof shape abnormalities can be predictors of... Read More

Article

Preparation of the Mare for Normal Foaling

January 31, 2004

Riddle said that most mares are outside all of the time or are only brought up for feeding until they reach one month before their expected foaling date. Whatever is preferred, broodmares thrive on routine.... Read More

Article

Dystocia Management

January 31, 2004

Incidence of dystocia is around 4%, although this varies by breed, Embertson said. While many dystocias are resolved on the farm, some cases need to be referred to a hospital. This decision should be made based on the position of the foal, duration ... Read More

Article

Jump-Starting the Dummy Foal

January 31, 2004

The term "dummy foal" is being used less and less. A more accurate term for the foal exhibiting behavioral or neurologic abnormalities that are not related to infectious or toxic conditions, congenital or developmental abnormalities, or metabolic dis... Read More

Article

Foal Care From Birth to 30 Days (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Foal care from the first few hours of life to one month can be critical in the overall health and welfare of the newborn foal.... Read More

Article

Abdominal Pain in Foals (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Abdominal pain in the foal can have many different causes, making it difficult to diagnose a cause. However, with knowledge of the different causes, a proper physical exam, the use of diagnostic tools, and common sense, a veterinarian can pinpoint a ... Read More

Article

When a Foal Needs Surgery (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

If your new foal develops a disease or medical problem that requires surgery, then time is of the essence. In his AAEP Convention presentation "Surgical Disease of the Neonate," Rolf Embertson, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, of Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital... Read More

Article

The Equine Stomach (AAEP 2003: Milne Lecture)

January 31, 2004

Merritt's presentation highlighted advances made over the last 40 years in the understanding of how the equine stomach functions and its related diseases. His presentation had a special emphasis on equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS), and slides of ... Read More

Article

Alleviating Acute and Chronic Hind Limb Pain

January 31, 2004

Musculoskeletal pain associated with acute and chronic hind limb injuries is common in equine practice. Unabated pain can result in complications such as gastrointestinal disorders and supporting limb laminitis. Pain management is critical to decreas... Read More

Article

Alternative Site for Collecting Blood

January 31, 2004

The jugular vein is the most common place to draw blood from a horse; however, this is not always possible. If the jugular vein is damaged or if the horse is no longer tolerant of the procedure, there is an alternative location to draw blood,... Read More

Article

Managing a Rabid Horse

January 31, 2004

Is it colic, or could it be rabies? The horse with rabies is extremely dangerous to himself, other animals, and humans. Rabies is a fatal viral disease of mammals that can be spread to humans through bites, licks, or through contact with the victim's... Read More