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Article

Cardiovascular Changes With Moldy Corn Poisoning

October 01, 2002

Fumonisins are toxic byproducts of the fungus Fusarium verticilloides, which often grows on corn. These mycotoxins can cause leukoencephalomalacia (moldy corn poisoning) in horses, and are undetectable to the naked eye. Horses exposed to... Read More

Article

Clostridium in Mares and Foals

October 01, 2002

Newborn foals are especially susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases such as clostridial enterocolitis, which is characterized by abdominal pain, diarrhea, toxemia, shock, or death without prior signs. While this disease occurs only... Read More

Article

Hoof Dressings: What Studies Show

October 01, 2002

Hoof dressings aren't always what they're cracked up to be--at least not in the opinions of some experts. Ilka P. Wagner, DVM, owner of Equine Veterinary Services (Texas), and Susan Kempson, BSc, PhD, senior lecturer in Preclinical Veterinary... Read More

Article

Diagnosing Breathing Problems

October 01, 2002

Many of you are familiar with the respiratory condition known as "heaves," also termed recurrent airway obstruction (RAO). Primarily caused by chronic exposure to dusts and molds in hay and bedding, heaves can cripple the function of a horse's... Read More

Article

You Should Be Afraid, But...

October 01, 2002

West Nile virus is here to stay. Just like its cousins Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, it can be controlled, but only with diligence and hard work. West Nile virus (WNV) is deadly in about 40% of the horses which get the disease. It... Read More

Article

Finding a Suitable Cooled Semen Facility

October 01, 2002

Q: I'm considering using shipped cooled semen for my mare. I want to find a reliable farm/facility to take the shipment and breed her. How do I find a qualified facility? What questions do I need to ask about quality? ... Read More

Article

Probiotics and Yeast Cultures

October 01, 2002

My personal experience has been very positive in using probiotics and yeast in the equine diet. My question is about the best formulation of the products. Does using only yeast culture with no bacteria diminish the effects? Which bacteria ar... Read More

Article

Understanding Equine Recurrent Uveitis (ERU)

October 01, 2002

Horses exhibit eye pain for a variety of reasons and to varying degrees. As we've discussed previously, the most common cause is corneal ulceration. In this article, we'll discuss uveitis, which requires a very different kind of treatment than... Read More

Article

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

October 01, 2002

You're preparing your mare for the upcoming breeding season. The stud owner insists on a bacterial culture of your mare's uterus prior to live breeding to reduce the chances of her passing any sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) she might have... Read More

Article

Alberta Drought

October 01, 2002

A severe drought in northern Alberta is taking its toll on the horse population of that Canadian province. Canadian newspaper reports have indicated that many Alberta horses have been sent to slaughter (because the drought has made feeding... Read More

Article

EIA in Georgia: Four Horses Test Positive, 94 Quarantined

October 01, 2002

Georgia Commissioner of Agriculture Tommy Irvin announced last week that four horses in Chattooga County tested positive for equine infectious anemia (EIA) and have been euthanized. At press time, 94 other horses in the county had been... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Moves West in Canada

October 01, 2002

Horse owners in Canada are becoming just as wary of the neurological disease West Nile virus (WNV) as their U.S. neighbors (see "West Nile Virus Alert" on page 32). The virus, which is harbored by birds and spread by the bite of an infected... Read More

Article

Controlling Mosquitoes with Pheromones

October 01, 2002

A new product that can help control mosquito populations is currently under development. Materia, Inc., has developed a cost-effective synthesized version of the natural pheromone called Mosquito Oviposition Pheromone (MOP). MOP is naturally... Read More

Article

Zimbabwe Horse Farms Under Attack

October 01, 2002

Horses in Zimbabwe are facing injury and slaughter due to a government land grab. According to reports from racing officials in South Africa, President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe has instituted a program whereby all white farmers must leave their... Read More

Article

More Kentucky Potomac Horse Fever Cases

October 01, 2002

Two additional cases of Potomac horse fever (PHF) have been confirmed at Hagyard-Davidson-McGee (HDM) veterinary hospital in Lexington, Ky., bringing the clinic's total to five confirmed cases since the end of July. Two other PHF cases previousl... Read More

Article

Sunday Silence (1986-2002)

October 01, 2002

Kentucky Derby winner and top Japanese sire Sunday Silence died of heart failure Aug. 19 following an infection in his leg and the debilitating effects of laminitis. The horse had been fighting illness for 14 weeks prior to his death. Sunday... Read More

Article

Updates from the American Association of Equine Practitioners

October 01, 2002

New Board Members Elected

Recently, four new directors were elected by the membership of the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) to serve on the organization's board. The terms for the new directors will begin right... Read More

Article

Equine Sports Medicine Center Dedicated

October 01, 2002

The Scott Center for Equine Sports Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center was dedicated on June 29. The 10,000-square-foot addition to the College of Veterinary Medicine's large animal program will improve patient care an... Read More

Article

MRLS Workshop

October 01, 2002

Since the devastating disease process known as mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) appeared on the scene in 2001 (and reappeared in 2002), concerted efforts have been focused on understanding and controlling the problem. Economic losses to th... Read More

Article

Vaccine Licensing

September 27, 2002

Any company trying to put a new vaccine on the market must follow a specific process to obtain a license from the USDA before the product can be used in the horse population. A vaccine receives either a conditional or full license after a series... Read More

Article

Comfrey Targeted for Enforcement Action

September 26, 2002

The Enforcement Strategy for Marketed Ingredients (ESMI) Working Group of the Association of Animal Feed Control Officers (AAFCO) cited an increasing number of unapproved or undefined ingredients appearing in animal feed and pet food as well as... Read More

Article

First West Virginia Equine WNV Cases Detected

September 26, 2002

Three equine cases of West Nile virus (WNV) have been confirmed in West Virginia, according to state veterinarian Lew Thomas, DVM. The cases were detected over the last three weeks, and WNV was confirmed in each horse by the USDA National... Read More

Article

Numbers Fall For Keeneland November Sale; MRLS Blamed

September 26, 2002

Keeneland will catalog 3,597 lots for the November breeding stock sale in Lexington, Ky. The number is down by 12.6% from last year's figure of 4,119. Tom Thornbury, Keeneland's associate director of sales, identified the effects of mare... Read More

Article

Fairplex to Rescue for Equine Fire Evacuees

September 26, 2002

As wildfires raged in nearby canyons, Fairplex Park in Pomona, Calif., became an emergency evacuation center for 90 horses forced from their homes.

At the request of the Los Angeles Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Fairplex... Read More

Article

Equine Cases of West Nile Virus Illness in 2002: Jan. 1-Sept. 22

September 24, 2002

The total number of equine cases of illness caused by West Nile virus confirmed at the USDA's National Veterinary Services Laboratories or reported by state officials so far this year is 6,223. That is an increase of 843 cases since Sept. 17. Th... Read More