Recent News for Foal Care and Problems

Article

Premature Foals: Short- and Long-Term Problems

March 19, 2004

Several problems commonly develop in premature foals, some of which can require some tough decisions by the owner and practitioner. Don't balk at gathering information. Get very detailed histories and take a good look at the placenta.... Read More

Article

The Depressed Foal

March 17, 2004

The most common reasons a foal might become depressed, Franklin said, include infection, poor nutrition, acidosis (unusually acidic blood from diarrhea), lameness (multiple lamenesses can often depress a foal... Read More

Article

Fever of Unknown Origin in the Foal

March 11, 2004

"Take an organized approach to elucidate causes of fever of unknown origin in the foal," said Robert Franklin, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM, of Goulburn Valley Equine Hospital in Victoria, Australia, during the Western Veterinary Conference held February... Read More

Article

Neonatal Ultrasonography

March 09, 2004

Using ultrasound to diagnose problems in the horse is not a new concept, but it is not as often used in foals as it is in mares. Rob Franklin, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM, of the Goulburn Valley Equine Hospital in Victoria, Australia, discussed... Read More

Article

Diseases of Dietary Origin

March 01, 2004

The axiom, "You are what you eat" does have relevance to horses with regard to health and well-being. Although horses have evolved to eat plant material, not all plants are safe to eat. Some food substances directly exert toxic effects, while... Read More

Article

Foal Care When There Are Problems

March 01, 2004

If a new foal develops a problem requiring surgery, time is of the essence, said Rolf Embertson, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, of Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital. The time from recognition of abdominal pain to arrival of the foal at the clinic, evaluation for sur... Read More

Article

Rhodococcus equi: Genetic Variability and its Clinical Implications

February 12, 2004

If there are any two words that can cause a foaling operation's manager to shudder, they are probably "Rhodococcus equi," since the bacterium is considered the most common cause of severe pneumonia in foals. ... Read More

Article

Testing for Failure of Passive Transfer

February 03, 2004

When a newborn foal, for whatever reason, fails to obtain the antibodies he needs from his mother in his first hours of life, this often results in a very sick or even dead foal from septicemia. Quick identification of the problem (failure of passive... Read More

Article

Feeding Orphan Foals

February 01, 2004

Orphan--the name itself evokes sadness and sympathy. A baby without a mother, in this case a foal. Whether it occurs through the death of the mare, or just that the mare cannot produce milk or will not take care of her foal, it all leads to one... Read More

Article

R. equi on Breeding Farms

February 01, 2004

Rhodococcus equi is an organism that lives in soil, requiring warmth and nutrients found in horse manure to grow and spread among equine populations. It is the most common cause of pneumonia in foals one to four months of age, bringing... Read More

Article

Preparation of the Mare for Normal Foaling

January 31, 2004

Riddle said that most mares are outside all of the time or are only brought up for feeding until they reach one month before their expected foaling date. Whatever is preferred, broodmares thrive on routine.... Read More

Article

Dystocia Management

January 31, 2004

Incidence of dystocia is around 4%, although this varies by breed, Embertson said. While many dystocias are resolved on the farm, some cases need to be referred to a hospital. This decision should be made based on the position of the foal, duration ... Read More

Article

Jump-Starting the Dummy Foal

January 31, 2004

The term "dummy foal" is being used less and less. A more accurate term for the foal exhibiting behavioral or neurologic abnormalities that are not related to infectious or toxic conditions, congenital or developmental abnormalities, or metabolic dis... Read More

Article

Foal Care From Birth to 30 Days (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Foal care from the first few hours of life to one month can be critical in the overall health and welfare of the newborn foal.... Read More

Article

Abdominal Pain in Foals (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Abdominal pain in the foal can have many different causes, making it difficult to diagnose a cause. However, with knowledge of the different causes, a proper physical exam, the use of diagnostic tools, and common sense, a veterinarian can pinpoint a ... Read More

Article

When a Foal Needs Surgery (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

If your new foal develops a disease or medical problem that requires surgery, then time is of the essence. In his AAEP Convention presentation "Surgical Disease of the Neonate," Rolf Embertson, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, of Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital... Read More

Article

Septic Arthritis and Racing Potential

January 01, 2004

Septic arthritis in a Thoroughbred foal significantly reduces the likelihood the animal will race, according to a study conducted by researchers at the University of Glasgow in Scotland and veterinarians with Rossdale and Partners in England. Th... Read More

Article

Equine Placenta Workshop: Placentitis

December 12, 2003

Mats Troedsson, DVM, Dipl. ACT, University of Florida (with co-author Walter Zent, DVM, of Lexington, Ky.), discussed clinical ultrasound in evaluation of the equine placenta to identify and treat mares with placentitis. He said placentitis is a... Read More

Article

Equine Placenta and Possible Problems

December 08, 2003

A two-day exclusive gathering of leading reproductive researchers and practitioners from around the world convened at the Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center in Lexington, Ky., Dec. 5-6, to discuss the equine placenta. From the evolutionary... Read More

Article

Ivermectin/Praziquantel Safe For Pregnant Mares And Foals

December 01, 2003

A recent study completed by French and Brazilian veterinarians showed that administration of ivermectin/praziquantel paste, a common equine dewormer combination, is safe for pregnant mares and their foals. Dewormers of this type have not yet bee... Read More

Article

Newborns Out of Breath

November 01, 2003

I'd like to know more about foals who after being delivered, dried, and rubbed well, quit breathing in 10-20 minutes. We have done resuscitation by blowing into their nostrils and pumping their rib cages, and have rubbed them vigorously. The... Read More

Article

Diagnosing Septic Foals

November 01, 2003

No one test can reliably diagnose septicemia (systemic infection) in a foal. The clinician must wait for the results of blood cultures, which can take days. However, preliminary studies of a blood protein called serum amyloid A (SAA) have shown... Read More

Article

Hyperimmune Plasma for WNV Horses

September 10, 2003

Veterinarians have been using an antibody product to treat West Nile virus (WNV) clinical signs, but its use for this purpose is currently off-label (not approved by the USDA). Currently, the hyperimmune plasma product HiGamm-Equi, by Lake... Read More

Article

High-Tech Horse Raising

August 13, 2003

Tracking the growth of young horses is going high-tech with a computer program called Gro-Trac. Developed by Kentucky Equine Research (KER), the program allows breeders to compare the growth rates of horses on their farms to others of the same... Read More

Article

Foal Temperature Regulation

August 01, 2003

Q: I recently clipped my 1-week-old Norwegian Fjord colt as he was having a hard time with the 95-97-degree heat here in Florida. We at first thought he was really sick with a fever, but after ruling out everything else we (me,... Read More