Recent News for Limb Anatomy & Physiology

Article

The Equine Back: Conformation and Injuries

July 01, 2006

Even a horse with excellent conformation can wind up with back problems if ridden by a rider out of balance or if outfitted with inappropriate tack.... Read More

Article

Hoof Care for Toeing Out

April 01, 2006

An owner looks for help for a filly that wears down her feet unevenly with turned-out toes.... Read More

Article

On the Forehand

March 01, 2006

The foreleg of the horse is, for the most part, a model of good engineering. It is structured in such a fashion that the horse can move slowly or at speed with the concussion of each footfall minimized by a sophisticated shock absorbing system.... Read More

Article

AAEP Convention 2005: Forelimb Conformation of the Growing Thoroughbred

February 16, 2006

University of Wisconsin researchers have shown that certain forelimb characteristics in the growing foal are associated with higher birth weights, and a foal's carpal (knee) conformation is associated with the carpal conformation of both of its... Read More

Article

AAEP Convention 2005: Forelimb Conformation and Race Performance

February 16, 2006

Straight conformation in the forelimb doesn't necessarily beget a more successful racehorse. This is what a research group from the University of Wisconsin's School of Veterinary Medicine discovered in a recent study. However, the group also... Read More

Article

Biomechanical Efficiency

October 01, 2005

The horse is an amazing athlete, with great speed and endurance considering his body size and weight. For the past 20 years, researchers have evaluated what makes the equine locomotive system so efficient for racing and other strenuous... Read More

Article

Sales Integrity Program Committee Addresses Concerns Over Surgery Disclosure

August 02, 2005

The monitoring committee for the Sales Integrity Program is taking action to address some consignors' concerns about how the Thoroughbred auction industry will handle the disclosure of invasive joint surgeries and other procedures designed to... Read More

Article

Conformation of Racehorses

May 01, 2005

In her study, nearly all racing-bred Thoroughbred foals were carpus valgus (knock-kneed) at birth, many toed out, and a few had offset knees. But at about 18 months of age, nearly two-thirds had offset knees and the incidence of knock knees ... Read More

Article

Joint Cartilage Adaptation in Young Horses

April 22, 2005

It is widely believed that exercise and limb-loading in foals help joint cartilage functionally adapt to the rigors of athletic activity. In 2005, Dutch researchers set out to find out if they could verify the concept of functional adaptation of... Read More

Article

Forelimb Conformation and the Thoroughbred Racehorse

March 15, 2005

"What is the relationship between conformation and performance, and what can we do to impact it?" These questions have been asked by those focused on performance in many species, and they were the focus of one presentation by Liz Santschi, DVM,... Read More

Article

Conformation Development in Growing Thoroughbreds

February 18, 2005

Selection of Thoroughbred horses for racing and breeding is based primarily on equine performance, pedigree, and phenotype (physical characteristics). Although conformation plays a critical role in the evaluation of horses, current methods of... Read More

Article

Evaluating Saddle Fit

February 04, 2005

The initial saddle fit examination begins with evaluation of the horse's back, including a fingertip exploration of the entire area under the saddle to identify any bumps caused by friction or areas of localized pain or swelling, he said. Also, the h... Read More

Article

Conformation And Racing Problems (AAEP 2003)

February 23, 2004

Genetics, racing surface, number of starts, age of the horse, pre-existing disease, conformation, and trauma have all been implicated as potential factors in the cause of racing and training injuries.... Read More

Article

Shoeing in the Frontal and Horizontal Planes

April 16, 2003

When evaluating horseshoeing, many people don't look at the hoof correctly, according to Hans Castelijns, DVM and farrier based in Italy. "There are the sagittal, frontal, and horizontal planes (illustration included in this story)," he sai... Read More

Article

The Right Saddle for the Job

April 01, 2003

What is good saddle fit? Simply put, it involves a saddle--English or Western--that spreads weight evenly on the longissimus dorsi muscles along either side of the spine. This well-fit saddle has clearance over the withers and doesn't impede movement... Read More

Article

Safeguarding Lower Limbs

May 01, 2002

Since bubble wrapping a horse isn't an option, owners use boots and wraps to try to avoid lower limb injuries.... Read More

Article

Bouncing Knees a Problem?

November 01, 2001

I have a 6-year-old Quarter Horse gelding that I trail ride in the mountains. He is noticeably "over at the knees." Often while riding, one knee or the other will wobble forward and back when we pause. He doesn't appear lame or swollen, but... Read More

Article

The Equine Foot -- Form and Function

October 15, 2001

There is an adage that is as old as the modern-day horse. It goes something like this: No foot, no horse. My late father, who could pick out a minute leg or foot unsoundness at a glance, used to lecture his young son about the importance of good... Read More

Article

Joints: Part 1

October 15, 2001

The mechanical engineering involved in the structuring of equine joints is both complex and masterful. Not only do healthy joints allow the horse to move freely, but they also help to effectively absorb concussion, especially when the horse is... Read More

Article

The Rear Leg

October 15, 2001

This month we shall begin a discussion of the rear leg: conformation, function, problems. There is at least one good reason to start with the rear rather than the foreleg. It seems to be the case that as man selects certain animals to breed to... Read More

Article

Focus on Discipline: Hunters/Jumpers

October 10, 2001

Ears forward and eyes fixed, the horse concludes his gallop in front of the fence. He gathers himself and leaps gracefully into the air, clearing the obstacle with ease and landing on the other side of the obstacle to gallop on to the next... Read More

Article

Medical Messengers--British Equine Veterinary Association

October 08, 2001

The annual meeting of the British Equine Veterinary Association provided a wealth of information on topics ranging from tendons and ligaments to muscle diseases, from disorders of the back to conformation. Sue Dyson, MA, VetMB, PhD, DEO, FRCVS,... Read More

Article

Equine Foot Research In America

October 05, 2001

Back in the 1800s, the world really could have used a better hoof on a better horse. History tells us that breeders tried to comply, by including soundness as a criterion for reproduction. Veterinary medicine complied with... Read More

Article

Tendon Injuries in Horses

September 13, 2001

Tendon injuries can be extremely frustrating. The best way to deal with them is to make every effort to prevent them, or if possible, limit the degree of damage that occurs. Certainly some tendon injuries occur acutely without any warning, but... Read More

Article

Form and Function of Joints

June 01, 2001

There is a definite correlation between joint angle, hoof flight pattern, and weight bearing. One might even wax a bit poetic and declare that as the joint angles, so flies and lands the hoof. That's where the poetry ends, however, because if... Read More