Recent News for Limb Anatomy & Physiology

Article

Joint Cartilage Adaptation in Young Horses

April 22, 2005

It is widely believed that exercise and limb-loading in foals help joint cartilage functionally adapt to the rigors of athletic activity. In 2005, Dutch researchers set out to find out if they could verify the concept of functional adaptation of... Read More

Article

Forelimb Conformation and the Thoroughbred Racehorse

March 15, 2005

"What is the relationship between conformation and performance, and what can we do to impact it?" These questions have been asked by those focused on performance in many species, and they were the focus of one presentation by Liz Santschi, DVM,... Read More

Article

Conformation Development in Growing Thoroughbreds

February 18, 2005

Selection of Thoroughbred horses for racing and breeding is based primarily on equine performance, pedigree, and phenotype (physical characteristics). Although conformation plays a critical role in the evaluation of horses, current methods of... Read More

Article

Evaluating Saddle Fit

February 04, 2005

The initial saddle fit examination begins with evaluation of the horse's back, including a fingertip exploration of the entire area under the saddle to identify any bumps caused by friction or areas of localized pain or swelling, he said. Also, the h... Read More

Article

Conformation And Racing Problems (AAEP 2003)

February 23, 2004

Genetics, racing surface, number of starts, age of the horse, pre-existing disease, conformation, and trauma have all been implicated as potential factors in the cause of racing and training injuries.... Read More

Article

Shoeing in the Frontal and Horizontal Planes

April 16, 2003

When evaluating horseshoeing, many people don't look at the hoof correctly, according to Hans Castelijns, DVM and farrier based in Italy. "There are the sagittal, frontal, and horizontal planes (illustration included in this story)," he sai... Read More

Article

The Right Saddle for the Job

April 01, 2003

What is good saddle fit? Simply put, it involves a saddle--English or Western--that spreads weight evenly on the longissimus dorsi muscles along either side of the spine. This well-fit saddle has clearance over the withers and doesn't impede movement... Read More

Article

Safeguarding Lower Limbs

May 01, 2002

Since bubble wrapping a horse isn't an option, owners use boots and wraps to try to avoid lower limb injuries.... Read More

Article

Bouncing Knees a Problem?

November 01, 2001

I have a 6-year-old Quarter Horse gelding that I trail ride in the mountains. He is noticeably "over at the knees." Often while riding, one knee or the other will wobble forward and back when we pause. He doesn't appear lame or swollen, but... Read More

Article

The Equine Foot -- Form and Function

October 15, 2001

There is an adage that is as old as the modern-day horse. It goes something like this: No foot, no horse. My late father, who could pick out a minute leg or foot unsoundness at a glance, used to lecture his young son about the importance of good... Read More

Article

Joints: Part 1

October 15, 2001

The mechanical engineering involved in the structuring of equine joints is both complex and masterful. Not only do healthy joints allow the horse to move freely, but they also help to effectively absorb concussion, especially when the horse is... Read More

Article

The Rear Leg

October 15, 2001

This month we shall begin a discussion of the rear leg: conformation, function, problems. There is at least one good reason to start with the rear rather than the foreleg. It seems to be the case that as man selects certain animals to breed to... Read More

Article

Focus on Discipline: Hunters/Jumpers

October 10, 2001

Ears forward and eyes fixed, the horse concludes his gallop in front of the fence. He gathers himself and leaps gracefully into the air, clearing the obstacle with ease and landing on the other side of the obstacle to gallop on to the next... Read More

Article

Medical Messengers--British Equine Veterinary Association

October 08, 2001

The annual meeting of the British Equine Veterinary Association provided a wealth of information on topics ranging from tendons and ligaments to muscle diseases, from disorders of the back to conformation. Sue Dyson, MA, VetMB, PhD, DEO, FRCVS,... Read More

Article

Equine Foot Research In America

October 05, 2001

Back in the 1800s, the world really could have used a better hoof on a better horse. History tells us that breeders tried to comply, by including soundness as a criterion for reproduction. Veterinary medicine complied with... Read More

Article

Tendon Injuries in Horses

September 13, 2001

Tendon injuries can be extremely frustrating. The best way to deal with them is to make every effort to prevent them, or if possible, limit the degree of damage that occurs. Certainly some tendon injuries occur acutely without any warning, but... Read More

Article

Form and Function of Joints

June 01, 2001

There is a definite correlation between joint angle, hoof flight pattern, and weight bearing. One might even wax a bit poetic and declare that as the joint angles, so flies and lands the hoof. That's where the poetry ends, however, because if... Read More

Article

The Club Foot

June 01, 2001

Q: After seeing the conformation of several weanlings at a sale recently, I noticed that my weanling had a strange-looking foot. On closer examination of his leg, his foot seemed a bit boxy. Will I still be able to sell him... Read More

Article

The Equine Spine--Back To Work

March 01, 2001

First, how can we visualize and understand what's going on under that hair, skin, and muscle? Denoix has diagnostic steps to examine a horse with performance problems that he believes might stem from the spine.... Read More

Article

Are Straight Hocks a Problem?

January 01, 2001

Does having straight hocks cause a horse to trip or to react any different than a horse without this? Will they tire more easily climbing hills when on a trail? What safety considerations should I be thinking about? --Lynn... Read More

Article

Solving Equine Back Pain

January 01, 2001

A recent survey published in England revealed that 70% of all sport horses sustain at least one musculo-skeletal disorder in any training season. In the past few years, horse health professionals have expressed the need for better and more... Read More

Article

Conformation in Horses

October 01, 2000

Conformation...what does it mean? If you've spent any time around horses or horse people, you've heard this word or related words used again and again. "Wow, that horse has great conformation!" or "My trainer said not t... Read More

Article

Osselets (Traumatic Arthritis of the Fetlock)

September 01, 2000

Osselets begin with swelling on the front of the fetlock joint, with the possible addition of synovial distensions on the sides of the joint (commonly called windpuffs). It's painful when the horse flexes the joint, and can cause lameness.... Read More

Article

Bar Shoes

July 01, 2000

Once regarded as pretty radical, bar shoes now are experiencing something of a renaissance. In particular, egg bar shoes are being fitted to more feet now more than ever before-even those belonging to horses in high-intensity athletic careers,... Read More

This radiograph demonstrates the bony abnormalities seen with high ringbone (involving the pastern joint). This film is of the left hind foot of a 10-year-old Quarter Horse used for barrel racing.

Article

Ringbone in Horses

February 01, 2000

Ringbone, a lameness disease of the pastern and coffin joints, is a degenerative disorder that has no cure. ... Read More