Recent News for Zoonotic Diseases

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Medicine and Treatments: Colic, Rabies, Pneumonia

March 01, 2004

A study to determine the clinical signs of gastrointestinal rupture during colic was done by researchers at the University of California, Davis, and results were presented by Diana Hassel, DVM, of UC Davis.... Read More

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Possible Equine Anthrax Outbreak in India

February 23, 2004

According to a Feb. 23 ProMED-mail post, Kashmir, India, could be experiencing an equine anthrax outbreak.

In late December 2003, an India Times article reported that, "Veterinarians here have raised alarm over the spread of... Read More

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Rhodococcus equi: Genetic Variability and its Clinical Implications

February 12, 2004

If there are any two words that can cause a foaling operation's manager to shudder, they are probably "Rhodococcus equi," since the bacterium is considered the most common cause of severe pneumonia in foals. ... Read More

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R. equi on Breeding Farms

February 01, 2004

Rhodococcus equi is an organism that lives in soil, requiring warmth and nutrients found in horse manure to grow and spread among equine populations. It is the most common cause of pneumonia in foals one to four months of age, bringing... Read More

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Managing a Rabid Horse

January 31, 2004

Is it colic, or could it be rabies? The horse with rabies is extremely dangerous to himself, other animals, and humans. Rabies is a fatal viral disease of mammals that can be spread to humans through bites, licks, or through contact with the victim's... Read More

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New Combination Vaccines Include WNV Protection

December 05, 2003

In 2004, your veterinarian's truck might be stocked with a new combination vaccine--protection against West Nile virus (WNV) has been folded into routinely used three-way and four-way vaccines. The new combinations, manufactured by Fort Dodge... Read More

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Venezuela: First Outbreak of VEE In Three Years

October 13, 2003

An Oct. 12 ProMED-mail posting reported that Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) has re-emerged in Venezuela after being controlled by health authorities for more than three years. This virus hasn’t been reported in the United States for more... Read More

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First Case of Anthrax in 2003

October 01, 2003

Texas officials have detected the state's first case of anthrax for 2003 in a white-tailed deer near Del Rio. "It's not unusual to have a few cases of anthrax in livestock or deer each year in Texas," said Bob Hillman, DVM, state veterinarian an... Read More

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AAEP Publishes Vesicular Stomatitis Brochure

September 30, 2003

The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) recently released a brochure about vesicular stomatitis (VS) for the horse owner. VS is a contagious disease that afflicts horses, livestock, wildlife, and humans. Although the virus that... Read More

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Maryland Horse Tests Positive for Rabies

September 01, 2003

Maryland state veterinarian Phyllis Cassano, DVM, announced on July 3 that an Anne Arundel County, Md., horse had tested positive for rabies. The 7-year-old Quarter Horse mare had competed at the East Coast Barrel Bash in Harrington, Del., June... Read More

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First Texas Case of Anthrax in 2003

August 12, 2003

Texas officials have detected the state's first case of anthrax for 2003 in a white-tailed deer near Del Rio. "It's not unusual to have a few cases of anthrax in livestock or deer each year in Texas," said Bob Hillman, DVM, state veterinarian an... Read More

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Vaccination Protocols and Internal Parasite Controls

July 29, 2003

Preventing infectious diseases and parasites from attacking our horses are primary concerns for every horse owner. James D. Smith, DVM, a practitioner at Hagyard-Davidson-McGee Associates, PLLC, in Lexington, Ky., and Craig Reinemeyer, DVM, PhD,... Read More

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Maryland Horse Tests Positive for Rabies

July 03, 2003

Maryland state veterinarian Phyllis Cassano, DVM, announced today that an Anne Arundel County, Md., horse has tested positive for rabies. The 7-year-old Quarter Horse mare named Coup de Harmony had recently competed at the East Coast Barrel Bash... Read More

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Keeping Disease at Bay

June 01, 2003

Preventing communicable diseases from striking horses should be the goal of every horse owner. Despite our best efforts, however, there are going to be occasions when a communicable malady afflicts one or more horses at a private farm or public... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Infectious Diseases Subdued, Not Eradicated

February 21, 2003

In discussing anthrax, screwworms, and piroplasmosis, Irby said that the three disease are related in that each "can affect equids, has the potential to devastate domestic livestock, is present in many foreign countries, and may... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Prevention and Control of Pneumonia Caused by Rhodococcus equi

February 21, 2003

Pneumonia caused by the bacteria Rhodococcus equi is an often-fatal disease that can be difficult to eradicate from affected farms. “The impact of this disease can be large because prevalence and case-fatality rates are often high;... Read More

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Failure of Serologic Tests to Detect Rhodococcus equi Foal Pneumonia

February 13, 2003

In the past, some veterinarians have relied on commercially available serologic tests to establish, confirm, or rule out a diagnosis of foal pneumonia caused by the soil-borne bacteria Rhodococcus equi.... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Foreign Animal Diseases With Equine Potential

February 11, 2003

"When you hear hoofbeats on the covered bridge, please think about the zebra!" said Corrie Brown, DVM, PhD, Dipl. American College of Veterinary Pathology, vice chair of the Cornell Committee for Animal Diseases. Her point was that when... Read More

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Anthrax Kills 42 Horses in Nicaragua

February 11, 2003

According to a Feb. 10 proMED report, a virulent anthrax outbreak has caused the deaths of 42 horses from rural communities in the municipalities of Pueblo Nuevo and Condega in Nicaragua. The report was made from a translation of a story in the... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Infectious Disease/Epidemiology Sunrise Session

February 04, 2003

There was tremendous interest in and opportunity for information exchange on the topic of infectious diseases during the AAEP Convention. Early Friday morning, Maureen Long, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, of the University of Florida, and... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Infectious Disease Forum

December 17, 2002

With West Nile virus (WNV) marching across the United States and affecting both horses and humans, infectious disease prevention has been a hot topic in barns, the media, veterinary clinics, and elsewhere. During the Infectious Disease forum,... Read More

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Is Your Horse at Risk?

December 01, 2002

Horses are at risk for contracting a number of diseases that can have mild to devastating consequences.... Read More

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Equine Salmonellosis

December 01, 2002

Salmonella spp. can cause diarrhea, abscesses, septicemia, and other ailments in horses. The October 2002 issue of Equine Disease Quarterly, published by the University of Kentucky (UK) and sponsored by underwriters at Lloyd's of... Read More

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Equine Salmonellosis in the United States and Kentucky

October 09, 2002

Salmonella spp. cause a multitude of diseases in horses, including diarrhea, abscesses, septicemia, and other ailments. Over 2,200 serotypes of salmonellae are known and can be identified at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories... Read More

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Horse Dies of Rabies at Pennsylvania Race Course

July 01, 2002

According to a recent report from the Daily Racing Form, a horse with rabies died May 12 at Penn National Race Course in Grantville, Pa. The 7-year-old Thoroughbred gelding showed symptoms of rabies and was placed in quarantine before he... Read More