Recent News for Zoonotic Diseases

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Ky. State Veterinarian Bans Texas Animals After VS Finding

May 21, 2004

State Veterinarian Robert Stout, DVM, has banned all livestock and wild or exotic animals from Texas from entering Kentucky due to reports of vesicular stomatitis (VS) in horses in west Texas.

The order also prohibits the entry into... Read More

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Vesicular Stomatitis Confirmed in West Texas; First Case Since 1998

May 20, 2004

The country's first case of vesicular stomatitis (VS) since 1998 was confirmed Wednesday, May 19, on a premise with nine horses and eight head of cattle near Balmorhea, in Reeves County in west Texas. VS is a viral disease that occurs... Read More

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Update on New Bolton Salmonella Outbreak

May 14, 2004

In an update on the outbreak of salmonella at the University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center hospital, Bruce Rappoport, associate dean of the hospital, stated on May 14: “We have... Read More

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New Bolton Salmonella Outbreak

May 13, 2004

An outbreak of multidrug-resistant salmonella has occurred at the University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center that was reported to have caused an unknown number of animal deaths. The Center and its Widener Hospital closed on Monday, May 10, s... Read More

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Chickens, Ducks, and Horses

May 01, 2004

Q: My horse is on a neighbor's land that is on loan. I pick up the pasture and run-in twice a day. My concern is that my neighbor bought over 100 different species of chickens and ducks that run free. They are constantly in my... Read More

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EEE in Venezuela

April 27, 2004

According to an April 26 ProMED report, Venezuela's Animal Health Service, Ministry of Agriculture recently reported a case of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in a horse from the district Bolivar in the... Read More

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Neonatal Ultrasonography

March 09, 2004

Using ultrasound to diagnose problems in the horse is not a new concept, but it is not as often used in foals as it is in mares. Rob Franklin, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM, of the Goulburn Valley Equine Hospital in Victoria, Australia, discussed... Read More

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Medicine and Treatments: Colic, Rabies, Pneumonia

March 01, 2004

A study to determine the clinical signs of gastrointestinal rupture during colic was done by researchers at the University of California, Davis, and results were presented by Diana Hassel, DVM, of UC Davis.... Read More

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Possible Equine Anthrax Outbreak in India

February 23, 2004

According to a Feb. 23 ProMED-mail post, Kashmir, India, could be experiencing an equine anthrax outbreak.

In late December 2003, an India Times article reported that, "Veterinarians here have raised alarm over the spread of... Read More

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Rhodococcus equi: Genetic Variability and its Clinical Implications

February 12, 2004

If there are any two words that can cause a foaling operation's manager to shudder, they are probably "Rhodococcus equi," since the bacterium is considered the most common cause of severe pneumonia in foals. ... Read More

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R. equi on Breeding Farms

February 01, 2004

Rhodococcus equi is an organism that lives in soil, requiring warmth and nutrients found in horse manure to grow and spread among equine populations. It is the most common cause of pneumonia in foals one to four months of age, bringing... Read More

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Managing a Rabid Horse

January 31, 2004

Is it colic, or could it be rabies? The horse with rabies is extremely dangerous to himself, other animals, and humans. Rabies is a fatal viral disease of mammals that can be spread to humans through bites, licks, or through contact with the victim's... Read More

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New Combination Vaccines Include WNV Protection

December 05, 2003

In 2004, your veterinarian's truck might be stocked with a new combination vaccine--protection against West Nile virus (WNV) has been folded into routinely used three-way and four-way vaccines. The new combinations, manufactured by Fort Dodge... Read More

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Venezuela: First Outbreak of VEE In Three Years

October 13, 2003

An Oct. 12 ProMED-mail posting reported that Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) has re-emerged in Venezuela after being controlled by health authorities for more than three years. This virus hasn’t been reported in the United States for more... Read More

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First Case of Anthrax in 2003

October 01, 2003

Texas officials have detected the state's first case of anthrax for 2003 in a white-tailed deer near Del Rio. "It's not unusual to have a few cases of anthrax in livestock or deer each year in Texas," said Bob Hillman, DVM, state veterinarian an... Read More

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AAEP Publishes Vesicular Stomatitis Brochure

September 30, 2003

The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) recently released a brochure about vesicular stomatitis (VS) for the horse owner. VS is a contagious disease that afflicts horses, livestock, wildlife, and humans. Although the virus that... Read More

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Maryland Horse Tests Positive for Rabies

September 01, 2003

Maryland state veterinarian Phyllis Cassano, DVM, announced on July 3 that an Anne Arundel County, Md., horse had tested positive for rabies. The 7-year-old Quarter Horse mare had competed at the East Coast Barrel Bash in Harrington, Del., June... Read More

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First Texas Case of Anthrax in 2003

August 12, 2003

Texas officials have detected the state's first case of anthrax for 2003 in a white-tailed deer near Del Rio. "It's not unusual to have a few cases of anthrax in livestock or deer each year in Texas," said Bob Hillman, DVM, state veterinarian an... Read More

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Vaccination Protocols and Internal Parasite Controls

July 29, 2003

Preventing infectious diseases and parasites from attacking our horses are primary concerns for every horse owner. James D. Smith, DVM, a practitioner at Hagyard-Davidson-McGee Associates, PLLC, in Lexington, Ky., and Craig Reinemeyer, DVM, PhD,... Read More

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Maryland Horse Tests Positive for Rabies

July 03, 2003

Maryland state veterinarian Phyllis Cassano, DVM, announced today that an Anne Arundel County, Md., horse has tested positive for rabies. The 7-year-old Quarter Horse mare named Coup de Harmony had recently competed at the East Coast Barrel Bash... Read More

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Keeping Disease at Bay

June 01, 2003

Preventing communicable diseases from striking horses should be the goal of every horse owner. Despite our best efforts, however, there are going to be occasions when a communicable malady afflicts one or more horses at a private farm or public... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Infectious Diseases Subdued, Not Eradicated

February 21, 2003

In discussing anthrax, screwworms, and piroplasmosis, Irby said that the three disease are related in that each "can affect equids, has the potential to devastate domestic livestock, is present in many foreign countries, and may... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Prevention and Control of Pneumonia Caused by Rhodococcus equi

February 21, 2003

Pneumonia caused by the bacteria Rhodococcus equi is an often-fatal disease that can be difficult to eradicate from affected farms. “The impact of this disease can be large because prevalence and case-fatality rates are often high;... Read More

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Failure of Serologic Tests to Detect Rhodococcus equi Foal Pneumonia

February 13, 2003

In the past, some veterinarians have relied on commercially available serologic tests to establish, confirm, or rule out a diagnosis of foal pneumonia caused by the soil-borne bacteria Rhodococcus equi.... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Foreign Animal Diseases With Equine Potential

February 11, 2003

"When you hear hoofbeats on the covered bridge, please think about the zebra!" said Corrie Brown, DVM, PhD, Dipl. American College of Veterinary Pathology, vice chair of the Cornell Committee for Animal Diseases. Her point was that when... Read More