Recent News for Infectious Diseases

Article

EEE: Still on the Offensive

July 30, 2003

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) case reports have risen into the hundreds this year, with confirmation of equine cases in at least nine states as the virus seemingly moves northwest from hot spots in the Southeast. Florida has been hit hardest... Read More

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Vaccination Protocols and Internal Parasite Controls

July 29, 2003

Preventing infectious diseases and parasites from attacking our horses are primary concerns for every horse owner. James D. Smith, DVM, a practitioner at Hagyard-Davidson-McGee Associates, PLLC, in Lexington, Ky., and Craig Reinemeyer, DVM, PhD,... Read More

Article

2003 Equine WNV Outlook for the United States

July 23, 2003

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Center for Epidemiology and
Animal Health, a part of USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service's (APHIS) Veterinary Services program (VS), recently released its
outlook for the occurrenc... Read More

Article

The Latest on EPM

July 23, 2003

Is it possible that the horse is a natural intermediate host in the life cycle of the parasite that causes equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM), meaning the parasite can develop to a reproductive state in the horse? Are there other parasites... Read More

Article

EEE Advisory Issued in Tennessee

July 23, 2003

Tennessee animal health officials on alert for the return of West Nile virus are also on the lookout for the re-emergence of another mosquito-borne disease in the Southeast--Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). Tennessee's first EEE case for 2003... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Spreads: Horses in at Least 15 States Affected This Year

July 16, 2003

West Nile virus (WNV) is steadily spreading across the country, having been detected in at least 33 states so far this year*. Horses in 15 states have been infected with the virus in 2003; the most recent announcements of equine WNV cases were... Read More

Article

Mexico Declares West Nile Virus State of Emergency

July 15, 2003

According to a Reuters health story distributed via ProMED-mail, Mexico has declared a state of emergency due to West Nile virus (WNV), declaring it a severe risk to the horse population and a growing public health threat.

The first... Read More

Article

Florida Officials Urge Caution As EEE Cases Reach Epidemic Proportions

July 15, 2003

Florida Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Commissioner Charles H. Bronson is concerned about the high number of Eastern Equine encephalitis (EEE) cases in the state and is urging horse owners to get the proper immunizations for... Read More

Article

Maryland Horse Tests Positive for Rabies

July 03, 2003

Maryland state veterinarian Phyllis Cassano, DVM, announced today that an Anne Arundel County, Md., horse has tested positive for rabies. The 7-year-old Quarter Horse mare named Coup de Harmony had recently competed at the East Coast Barrel Bash... Read More

Article

EPM Testing in Foals

July 01, 2003

Diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) involves a technique called Western blotting (WB), which identifies antibodies against Sarcocystis neurona, the parasite responsible for the disease. A positive result on WB does not... Read More

Article

Florida EEE Case Count Escalates to 70; Georgia Count is Nine

July 01, 2003

The number of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) cases in Florida had risen to 70 as of May 30, further substantiating an earlier suspicion that 2003 will be a tough year for fighting the disease. Florida's case count for all of 2002 was 25... Read More

Article

2002 Economic Impact of WNV on Colorado and Nebraska

July 01, 2003

A study led by researchers at Colorado State University (CSU) found that West Nile virus (WNV) cost equine owners in Colorado and Nebraska more than $1.25 million in 2002, and prevention costs for WNV vaccination likely topped another $2.75... Read More

Article

EEE Strikes South Carolina; Georgia and Florida Continue to Log Cases

June 30, 2003

Veterinarians are scrambling to keep up with the number of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) cases that continue to emerge in the southeastern United States. South Carolina in the last three weeks had 17 equine cases confirmed, and about 25... Read More

Article

USDA Clarification on the Issue of the West Nile Virus Vaccine: Vaccine Safe for Use

June 26, 2003

From the USDA:

"Some recent stories have suggested that the Fort Dodge Animal Health West Nile Virus Vaccine approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) may cause pregnant mares to abort or give birth to deformed foals. The... Read More

Article

Veterinarians Debunk Suggested Link Between WNV Vaccine and Birth Problems

June 23, 2003

Despite recent media reports, Wyoming, Colorado, and USDA veterinarians say that there is currently no scientific proof to link the West Nile virus vaccine to aborted, stillborn, or deformed foals, and that horse owners should continue to... Read More

Article

84 Florida EEE Cases

June 18, 2003

The number of cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in Florida has risen to 84. The cases have been found in 30 counties. Only 22 of the horses were alive at the time of reporting the disease, but according to officials, many of the horses... Read More

Article

Seven Cases of EEE Confirmed in SC

June 17, 2003

According to an Associated Press story in The Post And Courier, a newspaper in Charleston, Clemson University tests show that Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) has killed four horses in Berkley County, S.C., during th... Read More

Article

Fort Dodge Speaks Out on WNV Vaccine

June 12, 2003

Over the course of the past few weeks, news articles and Internet rumors have surfaced regarding the West Nile-Innovator vaccine, the USDA-approved vaccine for protecting horses against West Nile virus. The rumors and misinformation pertain... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Vaccine: Adverse Effects in Mares?

June 09, 2003

Allegations that the West Nile virus vaccine might have caused abortions and deformed foals were made in a May 30 Denver Post article. Mare owners calling themselves the “Lost Foals Group” claim the vaccine has caused up to 1,200... Read More

Article

Insurance Provides Comfort to Horse Owners and Breeders Against West Nile Virus

June 03, 2003

In Canada, Alberta and Ontario horse breeders and owners insured through CBL Oxford Insurance and Canada Brokerlink can feel confident that its horse mortality insurance policies will provide compensation for any horses killed by the West Nile viru... Read More

Article

Keeping Disease at Bay

June 01, 2003

Preventing communicable diseases from striking horses should be the goal of every horse owner. Despite our best efforts, however, there are going to be occasions when a communicable malady afflicts one or more horses at a private farm or public... Read More

Article

44 Florida EEE Cases

June 01, 2003

The number of confirmed Eastern equine encephalitis cases (EEE) in horses has risen to 44 as of May 6 in north central Florida, according to Bill Jeter, DVM, diagnostic veterinary manager for Florida's Division of Animal Industry. This confirmed... Read More

Article

First WNV Case of 2003 Detected In Florida

June 01, 2003

One equine case of West Nile virus (WNV) in Florida had been confirmed by serological testing as of May 1, according to Leroy Coffman, DVM, Florida's state veterinarian and director of the Division of Animal Industry. This was the first reported... Read More

Article

Equine Influenza Spreads in the U.K.

June 01, 2003

Equine influenza has spread to nearly 20 premises--mostly Thoroughbred training stables--in the eastern, central, and southern parts of the United Kingdom. "The reason (it's unusual) is because despite the fact that horses have been very well... Read More

Article

African Horse Sickness Outbreak Kills 300 Horses in South Africa

June 01, 2003

An outbreak of African horse sickness (AHS) detected in late March in South Africa has killed 300 horses, according to a Pro-MED report. African horse sickness is a lethal virus spread by the Culicoides bolitinos midge, a species of small... Read More