Recent News for Infectious Diseases

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EVA Uniform Methods and Rules Released

May 05, 2004

Today the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) announced the release of the United States' Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA) Uniform Methods and Rules (UM&R), which were effective April 19 and will serve as a standard for... Read More

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WNV Satellite Conference: Remain Wary of Disease

May 04, 2004

The years 2002 and 2003 have been the years of the horse, as far as West Nile virus (WNV) is concerned, said Robert Restifo, MS, Public Health Entomologist Administrator and chief of Ohio's Vector-borne Disease Program, at the third annual West... Read More

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African Horse Sickness Cases Lessen in Western Cape

May 03, 2004

The African horse sickness (AHS) death toll in the Western Cape of South Africa has risen to 15 confirmed cases since the first death on the Elsenburg Agricultural Research Farm was confirmed on Feb. 25. Two cases are awaiting confirmation, with... Read More

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Chickens, Ducks, and Horses

May 01, 2004

Q: My horse is on a neighbor's land that is on loan. I pick up the pasture and run-in twice a day. My concern is that my neighbor bought over 100 different species of chickens and ducks that run free. They are constantly in my... Read More

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HC/HERDA In the News

May 01, 2004

I'm amazed at some of the angry reactions that followed our publication of a news item last month on a hereditary disease called hyperelosis cutis (HC) or hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia (HERDA). Some of the researchers involved--Ann... Read More

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WNV: Prevention is Key

May 01, 2004

"West Nile virus (WNV) is the number one diagnosed neurologic disease in horses, or close to it," said William Saville, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, of The Ohio State University, at a March 10 Fort Dodge Animal Health educational seminar for... Read More

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WNV Vaccine Research

May 01, 2004

Horse owners and veterinarians alike have wondered if they can use Merial Limited's Recombitek equine West Nile virus (WNV) vaccine in horses previously vaccinated with Fort Dodge's West Nile-Innovator. Recently, Merial released the results of a... Read More

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Deadly African Horse Sickness Outbreak

May 01, 2004

Thirteen horses in the Western Cape, South Africa, are believed to have succumbed to an outbreak of African horse sickness (AHS) by March 22, according to several news reports. The affected horses were from the Stellenbosch magesterial district... Read More

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Grass Sickness Linked to Clostridium botulinum Bacterium

May 01, 2004

United Kingdom (U.K.) researchers recently found that grass sickness is strongly associated with low antibody levels to the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, indicating that affected horses couldn't fight off infection. Findings from the... Read More

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USEF Powers Upheld

April 30, 2004

The United States Equestrian Federation's (USEF) authority to enforce its own rules and regulations has been affirmed, at least temporarily, in a federal court in Lexington, Ky. A decision on whether the injunction should be made permanent is... Read More

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EEE in Venezuela

April 27, 2004

According to an April 26 ProMED report, Venezuela's Animal Health Service, Ministry of Agriculture recently reported a case of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in a horse from the district Bolivar in the... Read More

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Georgia Herd Hit by Strangles

April 21, 2004

According to an April 16 AccessNorthGa.com report cited on ProMED, a herd of about 115 horses in western Georgia has been quarantined because of a strangles outbreak at the farm. "Under an order by Agriculture Commissioner Tommy Irvin dated 1... Read More

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Ohio Announces Probable Human WNV Case

April 13, 2004

On April 9, the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) announced its first probable case of West Nile virus (WNV) in 2004. The patient is a 79-year-old male from Scioto County.

"With warm weather in recent weeks, mosquitoes have become active,"... Read More

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Britain Taking EVA Precautions

April 12, 2004

Mares shipped from Ireland to Britain are being tested for the respiratory and venereal disease equine viral arteritis (EVA). This practice has been routine in recent years for mares visiting Britain from the rest of Europe.

Tests on... Read More

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New Research on the Merial WNV Vaccine

April 01, 2004

Horse owners and veterinarians alike have wondered if they can use Merial Limited's Recombitek equine West Nile virus (WNV) vaccine in horses previously vaccinated with Fort Dodge's West Nile-Innovator. Recently, Merial released the results of a... Read More

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California Birds Test Positive for West Nile Virus

April 01, 2004

Orange County, Calif., Vector Control District (OCVCD) biologists have found antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV) in two adult female house finches. The birds were trapped as part of the District's wild bird trapping program which involves... Read More

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West Nile Virus--An Evolving Epizootic

April 01, 2004

"West Nile virus (WNV) is coming to a state near you if it hasn't already arrived," said Eileen Ostlund, DVM, PhD, head of the equine/ovine viruses section at the Diagnostic Virology Laboratory, National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames,... Read More

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West Nile Virus Questions and Answers

April 01, 2004

In a question and answer session at the Western Veterinary Conference, Eileen Ostlund, DVM, PhD, head of the equine and ovine viruses section at the Diagnostic Virology Laboratory, National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa, offered... Read More

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Texas Horse Owners Aware of WNV Threat

April 01, 2004

Reports have surfaced that horse owners in Texas are becoming complacent and have backed off vaccinating their animals for West Nile virus (WNV), which has infected nearly 2,400 horses in the state since late 2002. Angela Pelzel, DVM, an... Read More

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Neurologic EHV-1 Case Confirmed at University of Wisconsin

April 01, 2004

The Hoofer Equestrian Center (HEC) at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (UWM), voluntarily quarantined its lower barn on Feb. 8 after two horses housed there showed neurologic signs of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1). Both horses were later... Read More

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Tennessee to Test Horse Show Bioterrorism Preparation

March 30, 2004

The Tennessee Department of Agriculture will test local, state and federal responses to a simulated act of bioterrorism at a major horse show today, according to a story on Read More

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WNV: Treatment and Prevention

March 18, 2004

"West Nile virus (WNV) is the number one diagnosed neurologic disease in horses, or close to it," said William Saville, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, of The Ohio State University, at a March 10 Fort Dodge Animal Health educational seminar for... Read More

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African Horse Sickness Continues in South Africa

March 17, 2004

Nine horses have succumbed to African horse sickness (AHS) in the Western Cape, South Africa, according to www.iol.com. The last horse was reported dead on March 12 by the South African news source... Read More

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WNV: An Evolving Epizootic

March 12, 2004

"West Nile virus (WNV) is coming to a state near you if it hasn't already arrived," said Eileen Ostlund, DVM, PhD, head of the equine and ovine viruses section at the Diagnostic Virology Laboratory, National Veterinary Services Laboratory in... Read More

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West Nile Virus Q&A

March 12, 2004

In a question and answer session following her West Nile Virus presentation during the Western Veterinary Conference (held Feb. 15-19 in Las Vegas, Nevada), Eileen Ostlund, DVM, PhD, head of the equine and ovine viruses section at the Diagnostic... Read More