Recent News for Infectious Diseases

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West Nile Virus Treatment: Plasma Product Licensed

November 05, 2003

Since December 2001, the donors have been vaccinated multiple times with the West Nile Virus vaccine. The company had to prove purity, safety, and reasonable expectation of efficacy to have the plasma conditionally licensed for treating WNV.... Read More

A Belgian mare with botulism is placed into a hydraulic lift at Ohio State University.

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Beware of Botulism!

November 01, 2003

Botulism is not seen frequently in horses, but some areas are more prone to this deadly disease than others.... Read More

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Folic Acid Supplementation

November 01, 2003

Sulphadiazine and pyrimethamine are used in combination to treat equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). These drugs interfere with folic acid (folate) metabolism, a vitamin essential for survival of the causative protozoon Sarcocystis... Read More

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Equine Herpesvirus-1 Outbreak in Oregon

November 01, 2003

Since Aug. 10, 16 horses at Brookhill Stables in Goble, Ore., and two horses from a nearby private farm have shown respiratory and/or neurologic signs consistent with equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1), although not all were tested for the... Read More

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Strangles: Horses at Risk

November 01, 2003

Strangles is a malady that has afflicted horses for hundreds of years. In fact, it was first described in a veterinary publication back in 1614. During the ensuing years, many horses have suffered from strangles. Most have recovered, but some... Read More

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First-Ever Hoof-Care Summit Designed for Horse Owner, Farriers, and Veterinarians

October 14, 2003

Horse owners, farriers, and equine veterinarians are invited to attend the first International Hoof-Care Summit, to be held Feb. 5-7, 2004, in Cincinnati, Ohio. The summit will bring together leading authorities on the sometimes divergent,... Read More

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Venezuela: First Outbreak of VEE In Three Years

October 13, 2003

An Oct. 12 ProMED-mail posting reported that Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) has re-emerged in Venezuela after being controlled by health authorities for more than three years. This virus hasn’t been reported in the United States for more... Read More

Article

WNV Treatment Licensed

October 01, 2003

Novartis Animal Vaccines announced Aug. 19 the conditional licensing and availability of the only antibody product approved by the USDA to help control disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in equids. This product helps an exposed animal by... Read More

Article

EEE Case Update

October 01, 2003

That "other" mosquito-borne illness, Eastern equine encephalitis, continues to spread through the United States faster than in previous years. The disease has appeared in areas that don't often experience EEE, such as in Maryland, New Jersey, an... Read More

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First Case of Anthrax in 2003

October 01, 2003

Texas officials have detected the state's first case of anthrax for 2003 in a white-tailed deer near Del Rio. "It's not unusual to have a few cases of anthrax in livestock or deer each year in Texas," said Bob Hillman, DVM, state veterinarian an... Read More

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Potomac Horse Fever in Oklahoma

October 01, 2003

The death of at least one Oklahoma horse has been definitively linked to Potomac horse fever (PHF), a disease rarely found in the state. Two of her stablemates likely died of the same illness. The horse manager at the farm with the confirmed cas... Read More

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AAEP Publishes Vesicular Stomatitis Brochure

September 30, 2003

The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) recently released a brochure about vesicular stomatitis (VS) for the horse owner. VS is a contagious disease that afflicts horses, livestock, wildlife, and humans. Although the virus that... Read More

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Oregon Equine Herpesvirus-1 Outbreak

September 19, 2003

In the last month, 16 of the 19 horses at Brookhill Stables in Goble, Ore., and two horses from a nearby private farm, have showed respiratory and/or neurologic signs consistent with equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1), although not all have been... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus: The Fifth Year

September 10, 2003

Even with a conditionally approved treatment for West Nile virus (WNV) available, prevention is still key. As of Sept. 9, WNV equine cases had been reported in 37 states, and only four of the continental United States (Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and... Read More

Article

More on the Licensed WNV Treatment

September 10, 2003

Novartis Animal Vaccines announced Aug. 19 the conditional licensing and availability of the only antibody product approved by the USDA to help control disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in equids. This product helps an exposed animal by... Read More

Article

Hyperimmune Plasma for WNV Horses

September 10, 2003

Veterinarians have been using an antibody product to treat West Nile virus (WNV) clinical signs, but its use for this purpose is currently off-label (not approved by the USDA). Currently, the hyperimmune plasma product HiGamm-Equi, by Lake... Read More

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Suspect EEE or WNV Cases in Rhode Island

September 08, 2003

The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management has been notified of three suspected cases of encephalitis in horses in Rhode Island. All three horses are from Washington County and are being investigated for possible West Nile Virus... Read More

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Dutch, Israeli Researchers Developing West Nile Virus Vaccine

September 08, 2003

Crucell N.V., a Dutch biotechnology company, and the Israel-based Kimron Veterinary Institute are anticipating the approval of their veterinary West Nile Virus (WNV) in Israel in early 2004. Based on encouraging results from their early work,... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Treatment Licensed

September 05, 2003

Novartis Animal Vaccines announced Aug. 19 the conditional licensing and availability of the only antibody product approved by the USDA to help control disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in equids. This product helps an exposed animal by... Read More

Article

Detecting PHF in Oklahoma; Behind the Headlines

September 02, 2003

The recent confirmation of Potomac horse fever (PHF) in an Oklahoma horse was possible because of relatively new--and inexpensive--testing techniques that help speed diagnose of the disease. This allows horse owners to be alerted... Read More

Article

Dealing With EPM Today

September 01, 2003

While West Nile virus continues to dominate headlines when it comes to equine health, researchers are working to unlock the mysteries of that other, not-quite-so-new disease--equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). High on the list is... Read More

Article

Equine Influenza

September 01, 2003

Equine influenza is a common disease that causes acute respiratory signs. In nations with extensive horse breeding and racing industries, it is currently considered to be the most economically important respiratory disease of horses. The... Read More

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Focusing on the Flu

September 01, 2003

Equine influenza can strike a horse regardless of time of year. Competitive horses which attend events where other horses are congregated or horses which live in large boarding barns are particularly at risk. Not every horse which contracts a... Read More

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Eastern Equine Encephalitis: Still on the Offense

September 01, 2003

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) case reports have risen into the hundreds already this year, with confirmation of equine cases in at least nine states. Florida has been hit hardest, with a total of 183 equine cases reported from 47 counties as... Read More

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The Latest on EPM Research

September 01, 2003

The annual American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists met July 19-22 with presentations on many equine-related topics. The EPM Society held a roundtable during that meeting after presentations from top EPM (equine protozoal... Read More