Recent News for Infectious Diseases

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Special Report: The Year Of The Strangles

November 02, 2001

Horse owners have experienced an escalated fight with strangles in 2000-2001. Researchers have long observed that the highly contagious upper respiratory disease is more prevalent in some years than others. Historically, this happens about every... Read More

Article

IN Strangles Vaccine Report

November 02, 2001

While many practitioners and horse owners have used the Pinnacle IN intranasal strangles vaccine with no problems, there have been some reports of adverse reactions and complications. According to Tom Overbay, DVM, of Fort Dodge Animal Health,... Read More

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World-Wide Strangles Research

November 02, 2001

"Strangles is probably the most important bacterial disease of the horse," explained John Timoney, MVB, PhD, DSc, MRCVS, of the University of Kentucky's Gluck Equine Research Center, "and one for which a safe and effective vaccine is so very... Read More

Article

Disease Hampers Britain's Horse Movement

November 02, 2001

Representatives from 27 British equine organizations met in London on March 1 to discuss the potential for spread of foot and mouth disease (FMD), which affects only cloven-hooved animals. The disease was discovered in pigs at a slaughterhouse i... Read More

Article

EPM Vaccine

November 02, 2001

On Dec. 18, 2000, a vaccine to prevent EPM was approved by the USDA. As of Jan. 25, a total of 43 states had approved the use of the EPM vaccine under USDA conditional licensure. The vaccine must be used under the supervision of a... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus--Mosquito Not Required

November 02, 2001

Researchers at the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wis., recently discovered that West Nile virus can be passed from bird to bird in a laboratory setting without the bite of a mosquito.... Read More

Article

Dryland Distemper

November 02, 2001

One of the most commonly diagnosed bacterial problems in California (and several other western states) is dryland distemper, otherwise known as pigeon fever. This disease is caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and is seen... Read More

Article

EEE In South Carolina

November 02, 2001

Encephalitis has plagued the East Coast in 2000, with South Carolina the latest state under attack. South Carolina's bout with at least nine cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) had horse owners on the defensive this fall.

"We hav... Read More

Article

West Nile Continues Migration

November 02, 2001

"The inevitable has occurred," said Bruce L. Akey, DVM, when the first positive West Nile virus (WNV) bird case was confirmed in Prince Edward County, Va., on Oct. 13. Akey is director of Virginia's veterinary lab system. Then, as if the deadly... Read More

Article

Unusual Placentitis Cases Decrease

November 02, 2001

The cases of nocardioform placentitis in Central Kentucky fell from 144 cases during the 1999 foaling season to 48 in 2000, according to a report in Equine Disease Quarterly, a publication funded by Underwriters At Lloyd's of London,... Read More

Article

USDA Seeks EVA Comments

November 02, 2001

The U.S. Department of Agriculture needs your help to develop an equine viral arteritis (EVA) regulatory program for U.S. horses.

The equine industry regards the disease as a potentially significant and increasing economic threat. Currently... Read More

Article

EEE Confirmed In Virginia

November 02, 2001

Ten horses in Virginia have died of neurological symptoms thought to be caused by Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), according to Bruce Akey, DVM, director of the state's laboratory system and president of the American Associa-tion of Veterinary... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Update

November 02, 2001

Public concern has grown in New England after findings of the West Nile virus in more dead birds and mosquitoes. (For updated WNV coverage, visit Read More

Article

Rabies: Eliminate The Risk

November 02, 2001

Never before have horse owners been as aware of the threat of equine illness as this spring and summer. The list of potential nasties has read like a virtual "Whoâs Who in Equine Diseases." Such terms as encephalitis and West Nile have become... Read More

Article

EIA In Montana

November 02, 2001

Eight cases of equine infectious anemia (EIA) have been discovered in Montana in 2000, according to officials from the stateâs Department of Livestock (DoL). All of the infected horses are on or traced from the Tehinnah Ranch in Melrose, Mont.... Read More

Article

EPM Treatments, Vaccine

November 02, 2001

Horse owners worried about equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) take note: In the next few months, there could be several new products reaching the market designed to treat or prevent this neurological disease caused by a single-celled... Read More

Article

Strides Toward Safer Hunt Racing

November 02, 2001

Hunt races have thrilled spectators for years, but the competitors are subject to falls. Aintree and Cheltenham, the largest national hunt racecourses in the United Kingdom, are funding research at the University of Liverpool for the next two... Read More

Article

EEE In Louisiana

November 02, 2001

Four cases of Eastern equine encephalitis had been confirmed in Louisiana at press time. According to a report from a Louisiana Public Health Epidemiologist, the earliest onset was on March 19, and the other three horses had onsets ranging from... Read More

Article

Encephalitis In California

November 02, 2001

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus or an unrecognized, but very similar, virus, was isolated from the brain of a horse which died on April 21, 2000, in Ventura County, California. Essentially an East Coast disease, EEE rarely has been... Read More

Article

UK Strangles Research To Begin

November 02, 2001

A leading United Kingdom horse charity has teamed up with genome researchers in an effort to beat strangles. The Home of Rest for Horses, based in Buckinghamshire, England, has financed a £250,000 ($390,000) project to decode all the genes in... Read More

Article

First West Nile Virus Positive Horses Confirmed in Tennessee, Illinois

November 02, 2001

According to an Oct. 25 United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Plant and Animal Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Emergency management warning, a horse in Greene County, Tennessee, has been confirmed as positive for West Nile... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Case Definition

November 02, 2001

“Probable,” “presumptive,” “suspected,” and “confirmed.” All of these words are used to describe equine cases tested for West Nile virus (WNV). The cases might be “confirmed” on a local, state, or national level. What do these... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Surveillance

November 01, 2001

West Nile virus (WNV) is in the United States to stay, and horse owners should not assume that exposure is limited to the northeastern part of the country.... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Surveillance Maps Available

November 01, 2001

Web-based maps illustrating results from 2001 West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance will be available through the collaboration of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the Center for... Read More

Article

EIA In Georgia

November 01, 2001

Georgia Agriculture Commissioner Tommy Irvin said on June 15 that 41 horses are quarantined at 10 different North Georgia locations due to exposure to equine infectious anemia (EIA).

"We have tested these 41 quarantined in the Adairsville,... Read More