Recent News for Infectious Diseases

Article

Managing a Rabid Horse

January 31, 2004

Is it colic, or could it be rabies? The horse with rabies is extremely dangerous to himself, other animals, and humans. Rabies is a fatal viral disease of mammals that can be spread to humans through bites, licks, or through contact with the victim's... Read More

Article

Reproduction/Perinatology Forum at AAEP 2003

January 31, 2004

Veterinarians interested in reproduction and perinatology (the foal immediately after birth) crowded into the Reproduction/Perinatology Forum at the 2003 American Association of Equine Practitioners' convention to discuss mare reproductive loss... Read More

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Residual Effects of WNV More Than Anticipated

January 21, 2004

Horse owners should be vigilant about having equine survivors of West Nile virus (WNV) re-examined by their veterinarians before putting the animals back into work. In a study of Minnesota horses which survived clinical WNV can make the horse... Read More

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USDA Instituting New Blood Test for Equine Piroplasmosis

January 19, 2004

Effective Feb. 1, 2004, the USDA will institute a new blood test for determining the equine piroplasmosis status of horses upon entry into the United States.

The competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CELISA) is more sensitive... Read More

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Comments Sought on Equine Viral Arteritis: Uniformed Methods and Rules

January 19, 2004

The American Horse Council (AHC) has been asked to share the Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA): Uniformed Methods and Rules (UM&R) created by the USDA.

There is a brief period for review and comment and the AHC asks that you click Read More

Article

South African Racing Loses to Equine Flu

January 15, 2004

The 1986 equine influenza outbreak in South Africa virtually halted racing in some parts of the country. Last month, equine flu again reared its ugly and contagious head, causing cancellation of races at several top tracks and forcing quarantine... Read More

Article

Increase In Leptospirosis Reported In Kentucky

January 14, 2004

Leptospirosis, often called just "lepto," can cause flu-like illness in horses that sometimes results in abortion or uveitis (moon blindness). In Kentucky, there seems to be a cyclic pattern to abortions caused by leptospirosis. In 2001, there... Read More

Article

Merial Introduces Next Generation Equine West Nile Virus Vaccine

January 06, 2004

Merial announced today the release of a new equine vaccine--RECOMBITEK Equine West Nile Virus (WNV) vaccine. The recent USDA approval of RECOMBITEK Equine West Nile Virus vaccine offers veterinarians a first-of-its-kind product backed by... Read More

Article

Tell-Tale Signs of West Nile Virus

January 01, 2004

Unfortunately, clinical signs of West Nile virus (WNV) aren't unique, making it difficult for practitioners to suspect WNV above other neurologic diseases. For this reason, researchers from the University of Florida set out to closely scrutinize... Read More

Article

New EPM Treatment Approved

January 01, 2004

On Nov. 19 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Navigator for treating equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). This drug has been under development for more than six years.

IDEXX Laboratories of Westbrook, Maine, received... Read More

Article

New Vaccine for WNV Awaits Approval

January 01, 2004

A new West Nile virus (WNV) equine recombinant canarypox vaccine awaits USDA approval, and once available, could pave the way for a new generation of equine vaccines in the United States. Merial developed this Recombitek equine WNV technology,... Read More

Article

Rapid Testing for West Nile Virus

January 01, 2004

By the 2003 West Nile virus (WNV) season, a majority of state laboratories had obtained (or were establishing) the capacity to run the IgM Capture ELISA, the most common quick test for the disease. The test measures a class of antibody produced... Read More

Article

New West Nile Virus Equine Recombinant DNA Vaccine Approved

December 24, 2003

Editor's note: A letter to the editor from Fort Dodge Animal Health cited inaccuracies in this article and can be seen by clicking here.

A new West Nile virus (WNV)... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Structure Described

December 15, 2003

Using cryoelectron microscopy and advanced imaging techniques, the Purdue team has determined the orientation of the major surface proteins in a West Nile viral particle.... Read More

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Kentucky Equine WNV Cases Drop in 2003

December 15, 2003

Cases of West Nile virus (WNV)in Kentucky equine declined dramatically in 2003 compared with the previous year, the Kentucky Department of Agriculture reported.

The KDA said 102 Kentucky equids were confirmed with WNV  this... Read More

Article

Equine Placenta Workshop: Placentitis

December 12, 2003

Mats Troedsson, DVM, Dipl. ACT, University of Florida (with co-author Walter Zent, DVM, of Lexington, Ky.), discussed clinical ultrasound in evaluation of the equine placenta to identify and treat mares with placentitis. He said placentitis is a... Read More

Article

Great Britain Revises Codes on Infectious Diseases

December 11, 2003

Britain's Horserace Betting Levy Board has extensively changed its codes of practice regarding the infectious diseases contagious equine metritis (CEM), equine herpesvirus (EHV), and equine viral arteritis (EVA), which can severely disrupt... Read More

Article

Equine Placenta and Possible Problems

December 08, 2003

A two-day exclusive gathering of leading reproductive researchers and practitioners from around the world convened at the Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center in Lexington, Ky., Dec. 5-6, to discuss the equine placenta. From the evolutionary... Read More

Article

New Combination Vaccines Include WNV Protection

December 05, 2003

In 2004, your veterinarian's truck might be stocked with a new combination vaccine--protection against West Nile virus (WNV) has been folded into routinely used three-way and four-way vaccines. The new combinations, manufactured by Fort Dodge... Read More

Article

New West Nile Virus Equine Recombinant DNA Vaccine Anticipated

December 04, 2003

Editor's note: A letter to the editor from Fort Dodge Animal Health cited inaccuracies in this article and has been included below.

A new West Nile virus (WNV) equine... Read More

Article

More on the New EPM Treatment

December 03, 2003

(Revised 12/5/03) Horse owners have a new option for treating equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) following the Nov. 19 U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) approval of nitazoxanide. This medication has been under development... Read More

Article

CDC Prediction: California Might be WNV Epicenter in 2004

December 01, 2003

A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) official has predicted that the West Coast will be hit hard with West Nile virus (WNV) next year, particularly California.

According to the Cincinnati Enquirer, Lyle Peterson, MD,... Read More

Article

FDA Approves New EPM Treatment

November 20, 2003

IDEXX Laboratories, Inc. announced Nov. 19 that it received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market and sell Navigator (32% nitazoxanide) antiprotozoal oral paste, a new treatment for equine protozoal myeloencephaliti... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Treatment: Plasma Product Licensed

November 05, 2003

Since December 2001, the donors have been vaccinated multiple times with the West Nile Virus vaccine. The company had to prove purity, safety, and reasonable expectation of efficacy to have the plasma conditionally licensed for treating WNV.... Read More

A Belgian mare with botulism is placed into a hydraulic lift at Ohio State University.

Article

Beware of Botulism!

November 01, 2003

Botulism is not seen frequently in horses, but some areas are more prone to this deadly disease than others.... Read More