Recent News for Infectious Diseases

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EEE Confirmed in Michigan Horses and Deer

October 14, 2005

Four cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) were recently confirmed in two neighboring west Michigan counties, and another in the northeast corner of the Michigan's Lower Peninsula. The disease was also confirmed in three of seven... Read More

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Vets Watch for Hurricane-Related Illnesses

October 12, 2005

With water pooling in places that it normally doesn't and sharp debris all around, horse owners can't help but wonder if conditions left by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita will cause an increase in the reports of illnesses such as tetanus,... Read More

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Botulism (Book Excerpt)

October 05, 2005

Botulism is the most potent biologic toxin known, and horses are highly sensitive to its presence and effects. The clinical effect on the horse may become severe enough to cause the horse to become recumbent and eventually to die from paralysis ... Read More

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Dangerous Strangles

October 01, 2005

Strangles, the upper respiratory disease in horses caused by Streptococcus equi, has a low mortality rate (2.6%), but it is highly contagious and spreads rapidly. Complications can occur in as many as 20% of cases. One such complication... Read More

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Vesicular Stomatitis Now in Five States

October 01, 2005

Montana and Wyoming have joined the list of states affected by vesicular stomatitis; cases were announced in mid-August in both states. They have 17 and 21 affected premises, respectively.

Utah tops the list of the states with the most... Read More

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Rabies Vaccination Revisited

October 01, 2005

Each year the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) releases a comprehensive report detailing the number of reported rabies cases in the United States and Puerto Rico. The most up-to-date report, which details cases from the year 2003... Read More

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Detecting Rhodococcus equi Faster

October 01, 2005

Rhodococcus equi pnemonia is an insidious disease of foals--by the time one sees clinical signs, the pnemonia can be well advanced. Thus, tests that have greater sensitivity for R. equi are needed because they might permit... Read More

Article

Study Might Link American Robins To West Nile Virus

October 01, 2005

A recent DNA study of the blood consumed by 300 mosquitoes in Connecticut over the past three years found that 40% fed on American robins, while only 1% fed on American crows, a known host of West Nile virus (WNV). Theodore Andreadis, MS, PhD,... Read More

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Anthrax Flares Continue

October 01, 2005

Livestock anthrax cases are dispersed over Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and southern Manitoba, Canada. North Dakota is having a record year, with more than 300 cases since early July.

Minnesota has reported five anthrax... Read More

Article

Influenza Vaccine Updates

October 01, 2005

According to Equine Disease Quarterly, which is published by the University of Kentucky's Gluck Equine Research Center and sponsored by Lloyd's, the Influenza Expert Surveillance Panel this year recommended that influenza vaccines contain the... Read More

Article

Eastern Encephalitis

October 01, 2005

Eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus is quite active in the United States, and many cases have been reported in Southeastern horses this year. The Florida state veterinarian expects levels close to 2003, when 200 horses were reported to... Read More

Article

Louis Pomes: Standing Strong in St. Bernard

September 28, 2005

"When the water started coming in, I know it was the one we'd been waiting for," recalled Louis Pomes quietly, leaning against his truck and surveying his battered lifelong hometown of St. Bernard Parish, La. He had been expecting a colossal... Read More

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First Equine WNV Case Reported in Virginia

September 22, 2005

Virginia health officials confirmed the state’s first case of equine West Nile virus (WNV) on Sept. 19. The affected 12-year-old Quarter Horse gelding, located in Albemarle County, is currently recovering. The owners had been told when they... Read More

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Three Counties added to Kentucky VS Embargo

September 21, 2005

Cases of vesicular stomatitis (VS) were confirmed for the first time this year in Routt County, Colo., Weber County, Utah, and Park County, Wyo., prompting the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) to add these counties to the state’s... Read More

Article

Katrina Increases Mosquito Population

September 19, 2005

Katrina Increases Mosquito Population; WNV Outbreak Not Expected

The mosquito population of the Hurricane Katrina-affected areas is expected to increase at a staggering rate, according to Joe Conlon, American Mosquito Control Association... Read More

Article

Three Additional WNV Kentucky Cases

September 16, 2005

Three new cases of West Nile virus (WNV) were reported by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture as of Aug. 29.

In Fayette County a 2-year-old Hanovarian filly had onset of symptoms on Sept. 15. She had not been vaccinated, and she is... Read More

Article

Detecting Rhodococcus equi Faster

September 14, 2005

Rhodococcus equi pnemonia is an insidious disease of foals--by the time one sees clinical signs, the pnemonia can be well advanced. Thus, tests that have greater sensitivity for R. equi are needed because they might permit... Read More

Article

New England States Report Cases of EEE

September 14, 2005

Three New England states have confirmed nine cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in horses this year, and none of the horses survived. This suggests that horse owners should take further measures to protect horses against this deadly... Read More

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Kentucky Revises VS Embargo

September 13, 2005

The Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) has revised its vesicular stomatitis (VS) embargo on livestock (including horses) by adding Davis County, Utah and Moffat County, Colo., where additional cases of VS were reported during the first wee... Read More

Article

Death and Destruction

September 01, 2005

West Nile virus (WNV) was first identified in October 1999 because of an alert zoo veterinarian in New York. The epicenter in 2005, as in 2004, is expected to be California. In six short years, a disease that had never been seen before in North... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus DNA Vaccine Approved for Horses

September 01, 2005

Commercial vaccines leapt toward state-of-the-art on July 8 when the USDA granted a license for the world's first DNA vaccine for any species. This equine vaccine springs from more than four years of collaborative research between Fort Dodge Animal... Read More

Article

EEE in Alabama Horses and Humans

September 01, 2005

Seven cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) were confirmed recently in southwestern Alabama. The disease has also infected two people, one of whom did not survive. The Alabama Department of Public Health has recommended the public reduce... Read More

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WNV Patients Have a Long Road Ahead

September 01, 2005

Maureen Long, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, assistant professor of large animal veterinary medicine at the the University of Florida, knows of at least four horses that appeared to make full recoveries from West Nile virus (WNV) before getting sick... Read More

Article

EIA-Positive Horse Auctioned Off in Two States

September 01, 2005

Equine infectious anemia (EIA) was confirmed July 13 in a Pennsylvania horse, said Bruce Schmucker, VMD, of the state's Department of Agriculture. The horse hasn't shown any clinical signs of EIA and passed through an auction in Meadville, Pa.,... Read More

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Breaking News: EEE Hammers Florida, Veterinarian Stresses Importance of Vaccinating

September 01, 2005

Florida is in the thick of a near-record Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) year. One veterinarian found that in 2003, owners spent ten times the cost of vaccination to treat unvaccinated EEE survivors (typically less than 10% of affected horses... Read More