Recent News for Infectious Diseases

Article

Ohio EHV-1 Outbreak; Strain Might Be Atypical

March 01, 2003

The worst is over in an equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) outbreak that thus far has caused the death of 12
horses, and scientists are still studying the virus to see if it is somehow different from the normal EHV-1 strain. The outbreak,... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Found In Aborted Kentucky Fetuses

March 01, 2003

Evidence of West Nile virus (WNV) was found in 35 aborted fetuses in Kentucky since July of 2002, according to Lenn Harrison, VMD, head of the Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center in Lexington. "We have handled about 400 aborted fetuses... Read More

Article

More Pigeon Fever in Kentucky

March 01, 2003

The bacterial disease "pigeon fever," also known as dryland distemper, usually is seen west of the Mississippi--especially in California and southwestern states--but it has been recognized in Kentucky and Florida in increasing numbers in recent... Read More

Article

Preventing EPM

March 01, 2003

Saville presented a summary of what is known about EPM, and he believes that with better understanding of the disease, wildlife management, risk-factor manipulation, prophylactic medications, and possible vaccination, that prevention of EPM can be at... Read More

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AAEP Convention: New/Emerging Diseases

March 01, 2003

INFECTIOUS DISEASE FORUM


With West Nile virus (WNV) marching across the United States and affecting both horses and humans, infectious disease prevention has been a hot topic in barns, the media,... Read More

Article

Botulism in Foals: A Survivable Disease

March 01, 2003

Botulism in foals less than six months of age is readily treated, with a survival rate of more than 95% in appropriately treated foals. Treatment can include nursing care, intravenous fluid support, nasogastric or nasoesophageal tube feeding... Read More

Article

AAEP Convention: Reproduction

March 01, 2003

The reproduction session was something of an A to Z seminar. It started with discussions on endometrial echotexture (ultrasound results) and using computer analysis to determine when a mare will ovulate, or has ovulated, and along the way... Read More

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Ohio State University Veterinary Hospital Management of Horses from University of Findlay EHV-1 Outbreak

February 28, 2003

Admission: Six horses were referred from the University of Findlay for emergency treatment. All horses had signs of neurological disease. One horse was dead on arrival on 19 January 03; this horse went directly to necropsy and was never... Read More

Article

Equine Herpesvirus 1: Pathophysiology and Commonly Asked Questions

February 28, 2003

The following information was posted on The Ohio State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital's web site Feb. 26. The author, Catherine W. Kohn, VMD, Dipl. ACVIM, is professor of equine medicine and surgery at OSU.... Read More

Article

Possible Equine Herpesvirus Type 1 Cases in Iowa

February 26, 2003

At least two Iowa horses have been euthanized after battling what officials believe might be the neurologic form of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1). According to Iowa State Veterinarian John Schiltz, DVM, officials know of only one premis... Read More

Article

Colorado State Researchers Developing New Test for Strangles

February 26, 2003

Equine researchers at Colorado State University's James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital are developing a faster and simpler test to determine a horse's exposure level to strangles. Currently, tests exist only for horses with active... Read More

Article

Equine Herpes Virus Type 1 Cases at Pennsylvania Racetrack Keeping Officials Cautious

February 26, 2003

A restriction on horses shipping between Philadelphia Park Racetrack and Penn National Race Course due to three horses testing positive for equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) at Penn National might be lifted early next week, officials... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Found in Overwintering Mosquito in Pennsylvania

February 26, 2003

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and Lehigh County West Nile virus (WNV) personnel detected WNV in a Catasaqua Borough mosquito pool.

The West Nile virus workers were collecting samples to determine the status of the... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Vaccine Receives Full Licensure

February 24, 2003

The USDA has issued a full license to Fort Dodge Animal Health for its West Nile virus (WNV) vaccine that has been distributed under a conditional license since August of 2001. Results of efficacy studies completed and submitted to the USDA... Read More

Article

Localized Equine Herpesvirus Detected at Penn National Racecourse

February 24, 2003

A small outbreak of equine herpes at Penn National Racecourse has prompted management of Philadelphia Park to bar horses shipping in to race as well as horses shipping out to "race and return" from the Grantville, Pa. oval.

Richard... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Infectious Diseases Subdued, Not Eradicated

February 21, 2003

In discussing anthrax, screwworms, and piroplasmosis, Irby said that the three disease are related in that each "can affect equids, has the potential to devastate domestic livestock, is present in many foreign countries, and may... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Prevention and Control of Pneumonia Caused by Rhodococcus equi

February 21, 2003

Pneumonia caused by the bacteria Rhodococcus equi is an often-fatal disease that can be difficult to eradicate from affected farms. “The impact of this disease can be large because prevalence and case-fatality rates are often high;... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: OIE Flu Surveillance

February 14, 2003

“Diseases like flu and herpesvirus are always going to be problems for horse owners, and they are not going away,” said Tom Chambers, PhD, of the University of Kentucky’s Gluck Equine Research Center. “The secret to effective vaccines for flu is... Read More

Article

OSU Equine Hospital Temporarily Closes for Cleaning and Disinfection; Three Horses Showed Neurologic Signs

February 14, 2003

The Equine Hospital at the Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine has closed its doors to non-emergency horse admissions until Feb. 20, 2003. This action has been taken to allow disinfection of the hospital because of potential... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Botulism in Foals: A Survivable Disease

February 13, 2003

Historically, botulism has usually been seen as a fatal problem for the young foal. However, Pamela Wilkins, DVM, PhD, of the Graham French Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center, said that she ha... Read More

Article

Failure of Serologic Tests to Detect Rhodococcus equi Foal Pneumonia

February 13, 2003

In the past, some veterinarians have relied on commercially available serologic tests to establish, confirm, or rule out a diagnosis of foal pneumonia caused by the soil-borne bacteria Rhodococcus equi.... Read More

Article

Ohio EHV-1 Outbreak; One More Neurologic Horse

February 12, 2003

One more horse has shown neurologic signs of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) in the outbreak which began Jan. 12 at the University of Findlay's English riding facility in Findlay, Ohio. Twelve horses have died during the outbreak, and at least... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Foreign Animal Diseases With Equine Potential

February 11, 2003

"When you hear hoofbeats on the covered bridge, please think about the zebra!" said Corrie Brown, DVM, PhD, Dipl. American College of Veterinary Pathology, vice chair of the Cornell Committee for Animal Diseases. Her point was that when... Read More

Article

Anthrax Kills 42 Horses in Nicaragua

February 11, 2003

According to a Feb. 10 proMED report, a virulent anthrax outbreak has caused the deaths of 42 horses from rural communities in the municipalities of Pueblo Nuevo and Condega in Nicaragua. The report was made from a translation of a story in the... Read More

Article

WNV and Kentucky Abortions?

February 05, 2003

A question has been raised whether the increased number of West Nile virus (WNV) cases in Kentucky in late summer and fall 2002 contributed to a rise in fall abortions. A retrospective study by the University of Kentucky’s Livestock Disease and... Read More