Recent News for Infectious Diseases

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Katrina Increases Mosquito Population

September 19, 2005

Katrina Increases Mosquito Population; WNV Outbreak Not Expected

The mosquito population of the Hurricane Katrina-affected areas is expected to increase at a staggering rate, according to Joe Conlon, American Mosquito Control Association... Read More

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Three Additional WNV Kentucky Cases

September 16, 2005

Three new cases of West Nile virus (WNV) were reported by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture as of Aug. 29.

In Fayette County a 2-year-old Hanovarian filly had onset of symptoms on Sept. 15. She had not been vaccinated, and she is... Read More

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Detecting Rhodococcus equi Faster

September 14, 2005

Rhodococcus equi pnemonia is an insidious disease of foals--by the time one sees clinical signs, the pnemonia can be well advanced. Thus, tests that have greater sensitivity for R. equi are needed because they might permit... Read More

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New England States Report Cases of EEE

September 14, 2005

Three New England states have confirmed nine cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in horses this year, and none of the horses survived. This suggests that horse owners should take further measures to protect horses against this deadly... Read More

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Kentucky Revises VS Embargo

September 13, 2005

The Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) has revised its vesicular stomatitis (VS) embargo on livestock (including horses) by adding Davis County, Utah and Moffat County, Colo., where additional cases of VS were reported during the first wee... Read More

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Death and Destruction

September 01, 2005

West Nile virus (WNV) was first identified in October 1999 because of an alert zoo veterinarian in New York. The epicenter in 2005, as in 2004, is expected to be California. In six short years, a disease that had never been seen before in North... Read More

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West Nile Virus DNA Vaccine Approved for Horses

September 01, 2005

Commercial vaccines leapt toward state-of-the-art on July 8 when the USDA granted a license for the world's first DNA vaccine for any species. This equine vaccine springs from more than four years of collaborative research between Fort Dodge Animal... Read More

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EEE in Alabama Horses and Humans

September 01, 2005

Seven cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) were confirmed recently in southwestern Alabama. The disease has also infected two people, one of whom did not survive. The Alabama Department of Public Health has recommended the public reduce... Read More

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WNV Patients Have a Long Road Ahead

September 01, 2005

Maureen Long, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, assistant professor of large animal veterinary medicine at the the University of Florida, knows of at least four horses that appeared to make full recoveries from West Nile virus (WNV) before getting sick... Read More

Article

EIA-Positive Horse Auctioned Off in Two States

September 01, 2005

Equine infectious anemia (EIA) was confirmed July 13 in a Pennsylvania horse, said Bruce Schmucker, VMD, of the state's Department of Agriculture. The horse hasn't shown any clinical signs of EIA and passed through an auction in Meadville, Pa.,... Read More

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Breaking News: EEE Hammers Florida, Veterinarian Stresses Importance of Vaccinating

September 01, 2005

Florida is in the thick of a near-record Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) year. One veterinarian found that in 2003, owners spent ten times the cost of vaccination to treat unvaccinated EEE survivors (typically less than 10% of affected horses... Read More

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Breaking News: Kentucky Officials Extend VS Embargo

September 01, 2005

According to a July 26 memo from Kentucky State Veterinarian Robert Stout, DVM, officials have extended Kentucky's vesicular stomatitis (VS) embargo to include livestock (including horses), wild animals, and exotic animals from La Plata and Mesa... Read More

Article

WNV: Where Are We Today?

September 01, 2005

Let's face it--we were getting comfortable, perhaps complacent, in our twice-a-year visits from our horse's veterinarians for inoculations against the old, familiar diseases...Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, influenza, rabies... Read More

Article

West Nile Recovery x 3

September 01, 2005

One day, Marla Gilvin heard whinnying uncharacteristic from her 5-year-old Kentucky Mountain mare Cocoa Rain. “I went out to see what she was doing and called her to the barn,” Gilvin recalls. “She didn’t move. Her 4-month-old foal was running... Read More

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Study Might Link American Robins to West Nile Virus

August 26, 2005

A recent DNA study of the blood consumed by 300 mosquitoes in Connecticut over the past three years found that 40% of them fed on American robins (Turdus migratorius), while only 1% fed on American crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos)... Read More

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North Dakota State Vet Modifies Waiver on Livestock Import Requirements

August 26, 2005

An outbreak of vesicular stomatitis (VS) in Montana, Wyoming and other states has led North Dakota's state veterinarian to modify a long-standing exemption allowing transport of livestock from a farm or ranch to an auction market without a healt... Read More

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WNV Transmission Between Co-Feeding Mosquitoes

August 25, 2005

More than just birds and mosquitoes could play a key role in the spread of West Nile virus (WNV). Scientists recently determined that an uninfected mosquito can get WNV from an infected mosquito when feeding directly next to it on an uninfected... Read More

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Rabies Vaccination Revisited

August 23, 2005

Each year the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) releases a comprehensive report detailing the number of reported rabies cases in 49 states and Puerto Rico. The most up-to-date report, which details 2003 cases, reveals that more... Read More

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Standardbred Horse Tests Positive for EEE

August 19, 2005

A five-year-old Standardbred racing horse from the Frankford, Del., area has tested positive for Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). Tests on the animal, which died last weekend, were performed this week at the Division of Public Health Laborator... Read More

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Vesicular Stomatitis Spreads

August 16, 2005

The USDA reported today (Aug. 16) that vesicular stomatitis (VS) has been confirmed for the first time during 2005 in Archuleta, Larimer, and Moffat Counties in Colorado; Taos County in New Mexico; Emery and Sevier Counties in Utah; and in Goshe... Read More

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New Vesicular Stomatitis Cases in Colorado and Utah

August 11, 2005

Colorado has added seven new equine vesicular stomatitis (VS) premises to its current count and two new bovine VS premises since the beginning of August, according to the USDA's latest VS Situation Report. The disease was reported on 22 new... Read More

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Practical Mosquito Control

August 09, 2005

In addition to vaccination, mosquito control is critical in protecting your horses against WNV. Here's quick review on controlling mosquito populations in your barn:

  • Eliminate areas of standing water through improved drainage, or... Read More

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EEE and WNV Detected in New Hampshire

August 08, 2005

The New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Division of Public Health Services announced Friday (Aug. 5) that it has confirmed the presence of West Nile virus (WNV) in a bird found in Pembroke, N.H. Lab results provided by... Read More

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More VS in Colorado and Utah: Kentucky Embargoes Expanded

August 05, 2005

Information reported by the USDA indicates vesicular stomatitis (VS) has been confirmed for the first time this year in Rio Blanco County in Colorado, and Beaver, Carbon, and Salt Lake Counties in Utah.

With this information, The Kentuck... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Human Vaccine on the Way

August 03, 2005

Horses had a West Nile virus (WNV) vaccine within roughly two years of the first discovery of the virus in the Western Hemisphere. It has taken a little longer to get a WNV human vaccine through the pipeline and to the American public. A... Read More