Recent News for Metabolic Problems

Article

Service Pony Recovers from Health Crisis

April 10, 2008

Thanks to the skill and kindness of several Texas veterinarians, a blind woman's assistive guide pony is recuperating from serious illness.

Trixie is a nearly 14-year-old Pony of the Americas mare, and she has been Tabitha Darling's service... Read More

Article

GetSmart Series: Managing Insulin Resistance

April 07, 2008

Does your horse have a cresty neck? Does he gain weight on air? Does he develop laminitis at the mere sight of spring grass? If so, your horse could have insulin resistance. Lydia F. Gray, DVM, MA, medical director/staff veterinarian for SmartPa... Read More

Article

Feeding Horses with Endocrine Disorders

April 05, 2008

Nicholas Frank, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, associate professor of large animal clinical sciences at the University of Tennessee, spoke about equine endocrine disorders that are the most manageable by dietary control. There are two main endocrine... Read More

Article

Cytokines, Inflammation, and Insulin Resistance: Dangerous Liaisons

January 31, 2008

Insulin resistance, the body's inability to control blood sugar levels with normal amounts of insulin, is known to be associated with equine obesity, altered reproductive function, and pasture-associated laminitis. In addition, insulin resistance... Read More

Article

Thyroid Supplement Effective Addition to Equine Weight Loss Program

January 24, 2008

Researchers from Tennessee recently reported that daily administration of a high dose of levothyroxine sodium--a synthetic thyroid hormone supplement--for 48 weeks resulted in significant weight loss and an improvement in horses' insulin... Read More

Article

2007 Morris Animal Foundation Equine Research Wrap-Up

December 14, 2007

The results of equine research funded by the Morris Animal Foundation (MAF) in 2007 added to scientists' understanding of foal pneumonia, hereditary muscle disorders, laminitis, and pharmacology.

Read More

Article

Cushing's, Parkinson's Link? Oklahoma State Researcher Receives Grant for Study

December 10, 2007

Dianne McFarlane, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, Dipl. ABVP, is an assistant professor with the Oklahoma State University (OSU) Center for Veterinary Health Sciences. McFarlane recently received a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to... Read More

Article

Wedgewood Introduces Peppermint- and Alfalfa-Flavored Pergolide

December 04, 2007

Wedgewood Pharmacy has introduced peppermint- and alfalfa-flavored pergolide for horses in its Gourmeds dosage form. Gourmeds are chewable, naturally flavored tablets that are easy to administer.

Pergolide mesylate, a drug used to treat... Read More

Article

Carb Testing Program for Horse Feed and Hay

October 30, 2007

When it comes to horses, what does "low carb" mean? Lower than what? "There are several analytical procedures that measure sugar, and each one measures a slightly different fraction," said Kathryn Watts, BS, owner of Rocky Mountain Research & Consult... Read More

Article

New Research on PSSM Prevalence, Heritability in Progress

October 04, 2007

Researchers with the University of Minnesota have identified polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) in 6-12% of overtly healthy Quarter Horses on six farms involved in a new study. They also said the disease could be more common within certain... Read More

Article

Morris Animal Foundation Funding 11 Equine Studies in 2008

September 25, 2007

In 2008, the Morris Animal Foundation (MAF) will fund about 120 animal health studies, including 11 new and continuing studies for horses. Equine enthusiasts are invited to sponsor or co-sponsor one of these studies with a total gift of $3,000 o... Read More

Article

Healthy Horses: Endocrine System Function and Flaws

September 25, 2007

Horses suffer from few endocrine disorders compared to humans and companion animals; however, they're not totally off the hook, explained Emily Graves, VMD, MS, Dipl. ACVIM, of Michigan State University, to horse owners in attendance at the... Read More

Article

Managing Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis

August 08, 2007

At the 2006 American Association of Equine Practitioners Convention, Dr. Sharon Spier spoke about HYPP.... Read More

Article

The Role of Obesity in Insulin Resistance

August 04, 2007

"Not all obese individuals are insulin-resistant, and not all IR-affected horses are obese. But IR-associated medical problems are more likely to develop in concert with obesity in individuals born with IR," said Nat Messer, DVM, Dipl. ABVP, an... Read More

Article

Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Laminitis

July 31, 2007

Insulin resistance is a part of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). There are three criteria for identifying the horse with EMS: Insulin resistance, prior (founder lines) or current laminitis, and general obesity or regional adiposity (areas of abnormal... Read More

Article

What Causes Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction?

July 23, 2007

The lack of dopamine is critical, as the activity of the pars intermedia is normally inhibited (controlled) by dopamine. Without dopamine, the pars intermedia produces much more hormone than it should, causing the clinical signs of PPID.... Read More

Article

Treating Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (or Cushing's Disease)

July 19, 2007

Medication options for PPID include pergolide, cyproheptadine, trilostane, and chasteberry extract. One disadvantage is that no treatment is currently FDA-approved for PPID in horses.... Read More

Article

Understanding Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (a.k.a. Cushing's Disease)

July 18, 2007

Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction--PPID, or Cushing's disease--is the most common disease of horses and ponies 15 years of age or older. Although it's not fully understood yet, researchers are learning more about how to treat and prevent it.... Read More

Article

Diagnosing Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction

July 17, 2007

Unfortunately, no perfect PPID test (one that is 100% accurate with a single-sample test) yet exists. At the 2006 AAEP Convention, Harold Schott, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, professor of large animal clinical sciences at Michigan State University,... Read More

Article

Glycogen-Branching Enzyme Deficiency (AAEP 2006)

July 16, 2007

Glycogen-branching enzyme deficiency, a genetic mutation affecting a particular glycogen-storage enzyme, is traced back to Quarter Horse sire King or his sire, Zantanon. Up to 8% of Quarter Horses and Paint horses carry the GBED defect. ... Read More

Article

Insulin Resistance: Hold the Grain, Please

July 12, 2007

Management of insulin resistance might lower the risk of laminitis, and one of the cornerstones of management is diet. “Think of these horses as being in a prediabetic state,” said Nicholas Frank, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, associate professor of... Read More

Article

Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy

July 09, 2007

Stephanie Valberg, DVM, PhD, professor of large animal medicine and director of the University of Minnesota's Equine Center discussed PSSM at the AAEP Convention 2006. The disorder causes muscle pain, stiffness, and cramping, and some horses... Read More

Article

Diagnostic Approach To Equine Muscle Disorders

July 07, 2007

Stephanie Valberg, DVM, PhD, professor of large animal medicine and director of the University of Minnesota's Equine Center, began the in-depth seminar on muscle disorders by discussing diagnosis of muscle disorders, beginning with a careful... Read More

Article

Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis: 14 Years Later

July 04, 2007

Sharon Spier, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM, PhD, associate professor at the University of California, Davis, has pioneered much of the research on HYPP. She presented updated information gleaned over the past 14 years on this disease at the 2006 AAEP... Read More

Article

Incidence and Management of Exertional Rhabdomyolysis

July 03, 2007

Stephanie Valberg, DVM, PhD, professor of large animal medicine and director of the University of Minnesota's Equine Center, tackled the broad subject of skeletal muscle disease related to exercise at the 2006 AAEP Convention.

This has... Read More