Recent News for Neurologic Disease

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CDC Prediction: California Might be WNV Epicenter in 2004

December 01, 2003

A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) official has predicted that the West Coast will be hit hard with West Nile virus (WNV) next year, particularly California.

According to the Cincinnati Enquirer, Lyle Peterson, MD,... Read More

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FDA Approves New EPM Treatment

November 20, 2003

IDEXX Laboratories, Inc. announced Nov. 19 that it received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market and sell Navigator (32% nitazoxanide) antiprotozoal oral paste, a new treatment for equine protozoal myeloencephaliti... Read More

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West Nile Virus Treatment: Plasma Product Licensed

November 05, 2003

Since December 2001, the donors have been vaccinated multiple times with the West Nile Virus vaccine. The company had to prove purity, safety, and reasonable expectation of efficacy to have the plasma conditionally licensed for treating WNV.... Read More

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Folic Acid Supplementation

November 01, 2003

Sulphadiazine and pyrimethamine are used in combination to treat equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). These drugs interfere with folic acid (folate) metabolism, a vitamin essential for survival of the causative protozoon Sarcocystis... Read More

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Venezuela: First Outbreak of VEE In Three Years

October 13, 2003

An Oct. 12 ProMED-mail posting reported that Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) has re-emerged in Venezuela after being controlled by health authorities for more than three years. This virus hasn’t been reported in the United States for more... Read More

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WNV Treatment Licensed

October 01, 2003

Novartis Animal Vaccines announced Aug. 19 the conditional licensing and availability of the only antibody product approved by the USDA to help control disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in equids. This product helps an exposed animal by... Read More

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EEE Case Update

October 01, 2003

That "other" mosquito-borne illness, Eastern equine encephalitis, continues to spread through the United States faster than in previous years. The disease has appeared in areas that don't often experience EEE, such as in Maryland, New Jersey, an... Read More

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West Nile Virus: The Fifth Year

September 10, 2003

Even with a conditionally approved treatment for West Nile virus (WNV) available, prevention is still key. As of Sept. 9, WNV equine cases had been reported in 37 states, and only four of the continental United States (Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and... Read More

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More on the Licensed WNV Treatment

September 10, 2003

Novartis Animal Vaccines announced Aug. 19 the conditional licensing and availability of the only antibody product approved by the USDA to help control disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in equids. This product helps an exposed animal by... Read More

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Hyperimmune Plasma for WNV Horses

September 10, 2003

Veterinarians have been using an antibody product to treat West Nile virus (WNV) clinical signs, but its use for this purpose is currently off-label (not approved by the USDA). Currently, the hyperimmune plasma product HiGamm-Equi, by Lake... Read More

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Suspect EEE or WNV Cases in Rhode Island

September 08, 2003

The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management has been notified of three suspected cases of encephalitis in horses in Rhode Island. All three horses are from Washington County and are being investigated for possible West Nile Virus... Read More

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Dutch, Israeli Researchers Developing West Nile Virus Vaccine

September 08, 2003

Crucell N.V., a Dutch biotechnology company, and the Israel-based Kimron Veterinary Institute are anticipating the approval of their veterinary West Nile Virus (WNV) in Israel in early 2004. Based on encouraging results from their early work,... Read More

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West Nile Virus Treatment Licensed

September 05, 2003

Novartis Animal Vaccines announced Aug. 19 the conditional licensing and availability of the only antibody product approved by the USDA to help control disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in equids. This product helps an exposed animal by... Read More

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Dealing With EPM Today

September 01, 2003

While West Nile virus continues to dominate headlines when it comes to equine health, researchers are working to unlock the mysteries of that other, not-quite-so-new disease--equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). High on the list is... Read More

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Eastern Equine Encephalitis: Still on the Offense

September 01, 2003

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) case reports have risen into the hundreds already this year, with confirmation of equine cases in at least nine states. Florida has been hit hardest, with a total of 183 equine cases reported from 47 counties as... Read More

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The Latest on EPM Research

September 01, 2003

The annual American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists met July 19-22 with presentations on many equine-related topics. The EPM Society held a roundtable during that meeting after presentations from top EPM (equine protozoal... Read More

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Maryland Horse Tests Positive for Rabies

September 01, 2003

Maryland state veterinarian Phyllis Cassano, DVM, announced on July 3 that an Anne Arundel County, Md., horse had tested positive for rabies. The 7-year-old Quarter Horse mare had competed at the East Coast Barrel Bash in Harrington, Del., June... Read More

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First 2003 West Nile Virus Finding in California

August 27, 2003

The first evidence of West Nile virus (WNV) in California this year was found in mosquitoes collected in Imperial County near the Salton Sea, announced Diana M. Bontá, RN, DrPH, state health director,  on Aug. 20. Several flocks of... Read More

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EEE Confirmed in New Jersey Horse

August 25, 2003

New Jersey officials announced last week that the state's first equine case of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) since 2000 had been detected. The 8-year-old Thoroughbred in Mays Landing, Atlantic County, was euthanized Aug. 7.

"Eastern... Read More

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New WNV Antibody Treatment Explained

August 20, 2003

West Nile Virus Antibody is a prescription product, administered intravenously by a licensed veterinarian. It is an antiserum product that increases the antibody level in the circulatory system. This enhances an animal's ability to neutralize virus... Read More

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West Nile Virus Antibody Product Receives Conditional License

August 19, 2003

The USDA's Animal Plant Health Inspection Service has issued a conditional license to Novartis Animal Vaccines, Inc., for the manufacture and distribution of West Nile Virus Antibody, Equine Origin, for treatment of disease caused by West Nile... Read More

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2003 West Nile Virus Updates

August 15, 2003

The West Nile virus (WNV) 2003 season is well underway. Reports of equine cases are steadily rolling in from states where the virus has been detected before, and veterinary and public health officials in those states that haven't experienced... Read More

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EEE in Wisconsin: Officials Say to Take Precautions

August 13, 2003

Eastern equine encephalitis has struck again in northwest Wisconsin, two years after a major outbreak that killed at least 42 horses (see article #2852), prompting the acting state veterinarian to urge horse owners again to vaccinate and... Read More

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Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Confirmed in Two Maryland Horses

August 06, 2003

The first positive cases of Eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) this year in Maryland have been confirmed in two Lower Eastern Shore horses. Tissues from two horses, both from the Pocomoke City area in Worcester County, were submitted to the... Read More

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Reaction to WNV Vaccination?

August 01, 2003

My miniature horse injured her shoulder last February (it has healed). However, after her first West Nile virus vaccination over a year later, she became lame in that leg/shoulder again. Is this documented as a possible side effect to the... Read More