Recent News for Anatomy & Physiology

Article

Steroid Effects on the Knees

October 01, 2003

During intensive training, young racehorses experience a thickening in the layers of bone under the cartilage of joints. These layers, called subchondral (located nearer the surface) and cancellous, become harder and better able to handle the... Read More

Article

Hunter's Bump

October 01, 2003

Named for the sport in which it often occurs, hunter's (or jumper's) bump is a sometimes painful pelvic condition that affects performance and gait. It's tricky to diagnose, occurs in horses which do many different disciplines, and can be an... Read More

Article

Training Young Athletes

October 01, 2003

It sounds completely backwards, the idea that you might actually increase health risks by postponing training and competition until a horse is four or older. It goes against the ages-old and widely held belief that you cause damage by initiating... Read More

Article

Hyperimmune Plasma for WNV Horses

September 10, 2003

Veterinarians have been using an antibody product to treat West Nile virus (WNV) clinical signs, but its use for this purpose is currently off-label (not approved by the USDA). Currently, the hyperimmune plasma product HiGamm-Equi, by Lake... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Treatment Licensed

September 05, 2003

Novartis Animal Vaccines announced Aug. 19 the conditional licensing and availability of the only antibody product approved by the USDA to help control disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in equids. This product helps an exposed animal by... Read More

Article

Shock Wave Therapy -- Does It Work?

September 01, 2003

What is shock wave therapy? Extracorporeal shock wave therapy focuses a highly concentrated, powerful acoustical (sound) energy source to a focal area. The shock waves induce increased activity of bone-producing cells and might also lead to increased... Read More

Article

Anatomy of a Trim

August 01, 2003

Why do we ask farriers to take knives and nippers (and sometimes a whole lot more) to our horses' feet every six weeks? For many of us, it has always been just one of those things you knew you had to do if you had horses. And we might have also... Read More

Article

Tufts Conference Examines the Foot, Inside and Out

August 01, 2003

Adapting to the environment, informed by genetic codes, and endeavoring to meet human demands, the horse's hoof is like an individual fingerprint on the human hand. Decoding the process the horse uses to arrive at his ideal hoof form filled thre... Read More

Article

Does Fat Really Impact Digestion of Fiber?

July 01, 2003

Dietary fats are important components of performance horses' diets because they are calorie-dense and energy-rich. Previous studies have shown, however, that diets high in soybean oil interfere with fiber digestion in trotters. It is unclear... Read More

Article

The Inner Mare

July 01, 2003

Owners of mares should know correct anatomical terminology, have a working knowledge of the normal reproductive cycle, and be acquainted with common problems that could occur. The following article is designed to help mare owners understand the... Read More

Article

Limb Deformities: Congenital or Acquired?

July 01, 2003

As the foal takes his initial stance, a proud owner takes stock to see how straight and strong the youngster's legs are. Many foals are born with seemingly crooked legs (congenital). Most of these crooked legs straighten by the time the foal is ... Read More

Article

Supplementing Enzymes in the Equine Diet

June 25, 2003

Researchers have discovered that supplementing enzymes could help digestion of starch in the equine small intestine. "With dietary enzyme supplementation and enhanced small intestinal starch digestion, the feeding of cereal grains to horses will... Read More

Article

What Boys Are Made Of

June 01, 2003

An appreciation of normal reproductive anatomy is essential to the competent physical examination of the stallion's reproductive tract. If you are involved in breeding, then you should be familiar with what is considered normal so you know when... Read More

Article

A View Within: Reproductive Ultrasound

May 01, 2003

Since the early 1980s, the use of ultrasound has revolutionized our understanding of mare reproductive physiology, and with it stud management. Ultrasound allows the practitioner to diagnose problems and monitor reproductive activity with... Read More

Article

Equine Metabolic Syndrome and Laminitis

May 01, 2003

Of particular interest to horse owners was Johnson's black-and-white linkage of the newly termed EMS condition with laminitis and obesity. "Obesity-associated insulin refractory state" was Johnson's precise description of "Equine Metabolic Syndrome" ... Read More

Article

Joint Pressure in the Foot

May 01, 2003

New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) in the United Kingdom has advanced hoof balance from a farrier's art form to a measurement of pressure inside the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint (coffin joint). Some day, a horse's ideal... Read More

Article

Cutting-Edge Hoof Education

May 01, 2003

All of the cutting-edge hoof information presented at this symposium is very helpful to the fledgling field of equine podiatry. Equally valuable is the open, helpful atmosphere in which everyone is learning and helping each other understand new conce... Read More

Article

Exercise and Ulcers: Is it the Norm?

April 01, 2003

University of Florida (UF) research has shown that any exercise above a walk could force acidic gastric juices up into sensitive areas of the equine stomach, which could be why ulcers develop or worsen in horses in training (affecting more than... Read More

Article

Understanding the Venogram

March 07, 2003

This procedure allows veterinarians to see blood flow in the foot.

Although it's still not widely used, the venogram (a procedure for visualizing blood flow within the foot) has been acclaimed by many as an essential tool... Read More

Article

Hock Joint Mechanics: Bluegrass Laminitis Symposium

March 05, 2003

“One of the most frequent sites of lameness is the hock joint,” said Hilary Clayton, BVMS, PhD, MRCVS, Mary Anne McPhail Dressage Chair in Equine Sports Medicine at Michigan State University (MSU), in her presentation “A New Look at the Hock... Read More

Article

Speed Limit

March 05, 2003

The racing Thoroughbred is trapped between a rock and a hard place. The rock is speed, which evolved slowly by natural selection for 50 million years, then rapidly by human hand the last 500. The hard place is where we find our ward today, beset... Read More

Article

Lower Limb Research--Bluegrass Laminitis Symposium

March 04, 2003

Probably the foremost biomechanics researcher in the country, Hilary Clayton, BVMS, PhD, MRCVS, McPhail Dressage Chair in Equine Sports Medicine, McPhail Equine Performance Center, discussed recent lower limb research during the 16th annual... Read More

Article

Lower Limb Research at the Bluegrass Laminitis Symposium

March 01, 2003

Probably the foremost biomechanics researcher in the country, Hilary Clayton, BVMS, PhD, MRCVS, McPhail Dressage Chair in Equine Sports Medicine at Michigan State University's McPhail Equine Performance Center, discussed recent lower limb... Read More

Article

Chiropractic Care: A Movable Framework

March 01, 2003

Equine chiropractic is a complementary modality that can be used in veterinary medicine for the diagnosis, treatment, and potential prevention of select musculoskeletal disorders in horses.... Read More

Article

Antimicrobial Resistance

March 01, 2003

Antimicrobial drugs in veterinary medicine have made a dramatic improvement in the health of our horses, but it's alarming when infections do not respond to these drugs. "It is not a new phenomenon, but there has been ever-growing concern about antim... Read More