Recent News for Anatomy & Physiology

Article

Rutgers Equine Science Center Annual Update Set for Dec. 12

November 09, 2006

The Rutgers Equine Science Center will sponsor its annual Equine Science Update on Tuesday, December 12, 2006 from 6 to 9 p.m. at the New Jersey Museum of Agriculture on the Cook Campus of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.... Read More

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Anatomy and Physiology Part 11: Of Blood and Breath

November 01, 2006

There are few similarities between horses and automobiles, but in a manner of speaking, the horse's circulatory and respiratory systems constitute its engine. The food a horse consumes is its fuel. The fuel is converted into nutritional energy that... Read More

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The Equine Digestive System: A Food Factory

October 01, 2006

The equine digestive system is a complicated factory that is designed to process small amounts of food frequently and convert them into nutrients that can be absorbed and produce energy. The same, concerning the end result, could be said of the cow... Read More

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Angular Limb Deformities in Foals

September 20, 2006

Some of the common bone abnormalities of young foals are referred to as angular limb deformities. Instead of having straight legs, a foal is born with an angle or crook in its legs, similar to a person who is bowlegged. This angular... Read More

Article

An Equine Athlete's Heart

September 14, 2006

Trainers, owners, and researchers have long pondered the effects of a large heart (one that is naturally occurring and not a result of disease), and have even attempted to use heart size as a predictor of athletic ability.... Read More

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Small Volume Resuscitation in Anesthetized Endotoxemic Horses

September 14, 2006

Endotoxemia occurs when toxins from the wall of Gram-negative bacteria crosses the intestinal wall and gains access to the bloodstream. Endotoxin becomes concentrated on the surface of white blood cells, causing them to secrete inflammatory agents. ... Read More

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Tendons and Ligaments: Anatomy and Physiology

September 01, 2006

Tendons and ligaments in the horse are the "belts" and "cables" that hold bones in place and allow the muscles to do their jobs in creating propulsion-- forward, backward, sideways, and up and down. Because of the workload often put upon them, tendon... Read More

Article

Body Builders--Muscles

August 01, 2006

Muscles are one of the most important components in the equine body. Without them, the horse would be unable to walk, chew and digest food, or even swish his tail. Muscles comprise the largest tissue mass in the horse's body. There are various types ... Read More

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The Equine Back: Conformation and Injuries

July 01, 2006

Even a horse with excellent conformation can wind up with back problems if ridden by a rider out of balance or if outfitted with inappropriate tack.... Read More

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Anatomy and Physiology Part 6: The Head and Neck

June 01, 2006

The equine head can be compared to a computer. Housed within the skull are the major components--the brain and the sense organs. In addition to functioning like a computer, the equine head contains teeth for cropping grass and chewing food, and all... Read More

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Hoof Structure and Foot Facts (Book Excerpt)

May 17, 2006

The old saying, "No hoof, no horse" is very true, especially as it pertains to the horse's working ability and soundness. The horse is an athlete; we use him for a variety of athletic purposes -- racing, jumping, chasing cattle, pulling carts.... Read More

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Anatomy and Physiology Part 5: The Equine Foot

May 01, 2006

The equine lexicon is filled with clichés about the equine foot. Most horse owners have heard them all. "No foot, no horse...The foot is the horse's foundation...For want of a shoe..." The list goes on. Without sound feet, a horse can't move... Read More

Article

The Perfect Engine

April 01, 2006

Much has already been stated in this series about the special concerns involving front limb soundness in the horse since 60-65% of the animal's weight is carried in the front end. This does not mean that there are no concerns involving the... Read More

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On the Forehand

March 01, 2006

The foreleg of the horse is, for the most part, a model of good engineering. It is structured in such a fashion that the horse can move slowly or at speed with the concussion of each footfall minimized by a sophisticated shock absorbing system.... Read More

Article

Musculoskeletal Disease Biomarkers

March 01, 2006

Colorado State University (CSU) researchers have found significant patterns of six different signals of damage or "biomarkers" in the serum of racehorses with certain musculoskeletal diseases.

Biomarkers are indicators of abnormal... Read More

Article

Laminitis (AAEP Convention 2005)

February 17, 2006

What causes laminitis? Is it the same as founder? Should I remove shoes from a horse with acute laminitis? Should I soak his feet? Does laminitis always have devastating consequences?... Read More

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Synovial Joints and How They Work

February 01, 2006

First we'll look at how the horse's synovial joints are constructed, then we'll outline where they are located, the functions they serve, and some of the problems that can develop.... Read More

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Hoof Trimming and Leg Stress: One Step at a Time

January 01, 2006

As a rule of thumb, we know that our horses should be trimmed (and shod if necessary) at least every six to eight weeks. But where did those numbers come from? Van Heel recently studied how a hoof changes between trims, and she found that neglecting ... Read More

Article

Progress in Predicting Joint Problems

December 22, 2005

Someday veterinarians might be able to take a horse's blood sample, analyze its makeup to predict his future bone and joint health, and simply prevent the problems that are likely to arise. In late 2005, 20 leading joint researchers that are likely ... Read More

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Chronic Joint Diseases (Book Excerpt)

December 14, 2005

Horses with chronic musculoskeletal disorders may benefit from periodic administration of analgesic medications such as NSAIDs to help control pain when it is at its worst.... Read More

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Joint Injury Prevention in Foals

November 29, 2005

Developmental and traumatic joint injuries are a significant problem in Thoroughbred foals. These injuries, such as osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) and fetlock joint lesions, often require costly medical treatment or surgical repair.... Read More

Article

Sun Cured/Dehydrated Alfalfa

November 01, 2005

In 2005, feed regulatory officials were informed that sun-cured alfalfa products might be used in products labeled as dehydrated alfalfa, thereby substituting a product of possibly inferior nutritional quality to unsuspecting consumers. This... Read More

Article

Hoof Supplements (Book Excerpt)

October 19, 2005

A number of nutritional factors are promoted as hoof growth aids. Such products may include gelatin, numerous vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and other dietary supplements.... Read More

Article

Tweaking Tails

October 01, 2005

There is bucolic tranquility in the sight of two horses dozing in the sun, side by side, nose to tail, with their tails rhythmically swishing as they leisurely work at keeping flies off their bodies. That is the basic purpose of the equine tail... Read More

Article

EMND and Glucose Metabolism

October 01, 2005

Study results indicate horses with equine lower motor disease (EMND) had an increased glucose metabolism rate.... Read More