Recent News for Breeding and Reproduction

Article

Eastern Tent Caterpillar Movement Beginning

April 26, 2002

Eastern tent caterpillars are still regarded as a primary risk factor in the mare reproductive loss syndromes (MRLS) of 2001, and very preliminary research trials continue to support the recommendation that pregnant mares should not be exposed t... Read More

Article

Equine Management Advisory for Kentucky Horse Farms

April 25, 2002

Conditions in the central and eastern part of Kentucky will again be right for the possible formation of frost in low lying areas tonight (Thursday, April 25), according to University of Kentucky researchers. Because of similarities in... Read More

Article

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Monitoring Update

April 25, 2002

Result of Recently Completed Field Study

Ninety-one pregnant Thoroughbred mares on 8 farms in central Kentucky were studied by regular ultrasound examination to monitor the possible effects of exposure to MRLS during... Read More

Article

Advisory Issued Following Weather Forecast

April 22, 2002

Weather forecasts for the evening of April 24 in Central Kentucky have prompted University of Kentucky scientists to advise farm owners to temporarily restrict horses from eating pasture grass. The advisory is because of mare reproductive loss... Read More

Article

Mycotoxin Binders Not Labeled Legally

April 12, 2002

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says the claims made by some feed products that they contain mycotoxin binders is illegal. In Kentucky last year, many feeds and supplements were touted as having mycotoxin binders in the face of mare... Read More

Article

Foal Hyperbaric Chamber Studies Commence

April 12, 2002

Studies examining the effects of hyperbaric oxygen on dummy foals and those with septic joints have begun.... Read More

Article

Rare White Thoroughbred Born in Kentucky

April 10, 2002

Patchen Beauty, the rare white Thoroughbred mare who garnered a lot of attention when she competed on the Kentucky circuit in the mid-1990s, produced a white colt on April 5 at Warren Rosenthal's Patchen Wilkes Farm near Lexington,... Read More

Article

Foal Reduction Slows, But Percentage Still High

April 10, 2002

The rate of reduction in foal losses in Kentucky is slowing, but it is still staggering. The latest figures from The Jockey Club show 32.4 percent less foals dropped in Kentucky this year through April 3 compared with a year ago. In an earlier... Read More

Article

Some NY Farms Experiencing Foaling Problems

April 05, 2002

Some New York breeding farms have experienced an unusual number of foaling problems so far this breeding season, and slightly higher incidences of sickness and herpesvirus abortions. There is evidence to suggest a slight connection between the... Read More

Article

Straightening Crooked Legs

April 03, 2002

It is not unusual for foals to be born with some level of angular limb deformity, but this becomes a problem when the deformity is severe and doesn't self-correct quickly. If the deviation is relatively minor, it might be resolved with stall... Read More

Article

MRLS Study Reaches Task Force

April 03, 2002

(Updated 4/05/02) In a newly released study, a collaboration of statisticians and epidemiologists have pinpointed several factors that predisposed mares to early fetal losses (EFL) in central Kentucky and nearby areas in 2001, but still... Read More

Article

Pregnant Mare Weight Gain

April 01, 2002

We have a 6-year-old Quarter Horse mare and a 21-year-old Paint mare, both in foal to the same Quarter Horse stud. Both were five months along in mid-November (they were bred one week apart). The 6-year-old gained 31 pounds in a six-week period,... Read More

Article

Ground vs. Breeding Mount Semen Collection

April 01, 2002

We have show pony breeding stallions, and as of last year are doing almost all shipped semen. This year we are seriously thinking about expanding our business to offer semen collection and shipping services for outside stallions, which will... Read More

Article

Risk of Equine Viral Arteritis from Imported Stallions

April 01, 2002

Equine arteritis virus (EAV) causes a flu-like illness in adult horses called equine viral arteritis, and is responsible for abortion in mares and pneumonia in foals. Stallions can be become persistently infected and shed the virus in their... Read More

Article

Evaluating Reproductive Health in Mares

April 01, 2002

The reproductive system of the horse has evolved over time with specific protective functions that are necessary for fertility. The horse and pig are the only domestic animals in which semen is deposited directly into the uterus, in contrast to... Read More

Article

Solving Health Problems Through Genetics

April 01, 2002

The solution to health and soundness problems facing horses might be as close as the horse itself. Laminitis, colic, respiratory disease, and even joint problems could be prevented or treated using genetics. At the Blue Ribbon Horse Genome... Read More

Article

Cyanide Study in Caterpillars

March 29, 2002

Terry Fitzgerald, PhD, a distinguished university professor of biological sciences at the State University of New York College at Cortland, said recent research has shown that the Eastern tent caterpillar does a very good job of depleting the... Read More

Article

Spring Syndromes Theories

March 11, 2002

A meeting of the Kentucky Association of Equine Practitioners on March 7 brought together six of the leading researchers/investigators dealing with mare reproductive loss and other syndromes seen in the spring of 2001 in central Kentucky and... Read More

Article

Kentucky Veterinarians Discuss Syndrome Theories

March 08, 2002

What might at first have seemed like a confusing, and slightly overwhelming, presentation of information the night of March 7 concerning the various theories surrounding the five syndromes that struck Kentucky and other places in the spring of... Read More

Article

Smaller Horses, Bigger Reproductive Problems

March 01, 2002

Big gifts come in small packages. That's a fine sentiment when it comes to presents, but when it refers to miniature horse reproduction, that big gift/small package combo can be a little tough on the mare. It's not so great for the foal, either.... Read More

Article

Common Foal Eye Problems

March 01, 2002

The foal's eyes are fully developed at birth. Disorders of the foal eye might be noted at birth, or they can be inherited or acquired after birth. Low tear film production, a round pupil, reduced corneal sensation, and a temporary lack of some... Read More

Article

Feeding Broodmares

March 01, 2002

The broodmare goes through three phases of reproduction--early gestation, late gestation, and lactation. Mares in good body condition cycle earlier in the year, require fewer cycles per conception, have a higher pregnancy rate, and are able to... Read More

Article

Foal Urination and Defecation

March 01, 2002

The first urination in foals typically occurs within the first six hours for females and the first twelve hours for males. Like defecation, the first urination in foals very often occurs soon after the first nursing.... Read More

Article

Fescue Field Management

March 01, 2002

It is estimated that 35 million acres of United States pasture are planted with tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), and roughly 700,000 horses graze these fescue pastures. This plant is a cool-season plant, so it grows in cooler climates,... Read More

Article

Stallion Behavior Immunization

March 01, 2002

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone or GnRH can be thought of as the master reproductive hormone. In stallions, GnRH is responsible for initiating a hormonal cascade that stimulates production of testosterone and other hormones necessary for breeding... Read More