Recent News for Breeding and Reproduction

Article

Pregnant Mare Weight Gain

April 01, 2002

We have a 6-year-old Quarter Horse mare and a 21-year-old Paint mare, both in foal to the same Quarter Horse stud. Both were five months along in mid-November (they were bred one week apart). The 6-year-old gained 31 pounds in a six-week period,... Read More

Article

Ground vs. Breeding Mount Semen Collection

April 01, 2002

We have show pony breeding stallions, and as of last year are doing almost all shipped semen. This year we are seriously thinking about expanding our business to offer semen collection and shipping services for outside stallions, which will... Read More

Article

Risk of Equine Viral Arteritis from Imported Stallions

April 01, 2002

Equine arteritis virus (EAV) causes a flu-like illness in adult horses called equine viral arteritis, and is responsible for abortion in mares and pneumonia in foals. Stallions can be become persistently infected and shed the virus in their... Read More

Article

Evaluating Reproductive Health in Mares

April 01, 2002

The reproductive system of the horse has evolved over time with specific protective functions that are necessary for fertility. The horse and pig are the only domestic animals in which semen is deposited directly into the uterus, in contrast to... Read More

Article

Solving Health Problems Through Genetics

April 01, 2002

The solution to health and soundness problems facing horses might be as close as the horse itself. Laminitis, colic, respiratory disease, and even joint problems could be prevented or treated using genetics. At the Blue Ribbon Horse Genome... Read More

Article

Cyanide Study in Caterpillars

March 29, 2002

Terry Fitzgerald, PhD, a distinguished university professor of biological sciences at the State University of New York College at Cortland, said recent research has shown that the Eastern tent caterpillar does a very good job of depleting the... Read More

Article

Spring Syndromes Theories

March 11, 2002

A meeting of the Kentucky Association of Equine Practitioners on March 7 brought together six of the leading researchers/investigators dealing with mare reproductive loss and other syndromes seen in the spring of 2001 in central Kentucky and... Read More

Article

Kentucky Veterinarians Discuss Syndrome Theories

March 08, 2002

What might at first have seemed like a confusing, and slightly overwhelming, presentation of information the night of March 7 concerning the various theories surrounding the five syndromes that struck Kentucky and other places in the spring of... Read More

Article

Smaller Horses, Bigger Reproductive Problems

March 01, 2002

Big gifts come in small packages. That's a fine sentiment when it comes to presents, but when it refers to miniature horse reproduction, that big gift/small package combo can be a little tough on the mare. It's not so great for the foal, either.... Read More

Article

Common Foal Eye Problems

March 01, 2002

The foal's eyes are fully developed at birth. Disorders of the foal eye might be noted at birth, or they can be inherited or acquired after birth. Low tear film production, a round pupil, reduced corneal sensation, and a temporary lack of some... Read More

Article

Feeding Broodmares

March 01, 2002

The broodmare goes through three phases of reproduction--early gestation, late gestation, and lactation. Mares in good body condition cycle earlier in the year, require fewer cycles per conception, have a higher pregnancy rate, and are able to... Read More

Article

Foal Urination and Defecation

March 01, 2002

The first urination in foals typically occurs within the first six hours for females and the first twelve hours for males. Like defecation, the first urination in foals very often occurs soon after the first nursing.... Read More

Article

Fescue Field Management

March 01, 2002

It is estimated that 35 million acres of United States pasture are planted with tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), and roughly 700,000 horses graze these fescue pastures. This plant is a cool-season plant, so it grows in cooler climates,... Read More

Article

Stallion Behavior Immunization

March 01, 2002

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone or GnRH can be thought of as the master reproductive hormone. In stallions, GnRH is responsible for initiating a hormonal cascade that stimulates production of testosterone and other hormones necessary for breeding... Read More

Article

Scientists Sequence Clostridium perfringens Genome

March 01, 2002

According to Reuters Health news, Japanese scientists recently announced that they have sequenced the genome of Clostridium perfringens. The anaerobic (active in the absence of oxygen) pathogen is widely recognized as being a causal... Read More

Article

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Meeting Emphasizes Communication

March 01, 2002

More than 350 veterinarians, farm managers and personnel, and other members of Central Kentucky's horse industry gathered on Feb. 4 in Lexington to review what is known about the mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) of 2001, and how to monitor... Read More

Article

Thoroughbred Pedigrees Show Little Genetic Diversity

March 01, 2002

More than 95% of Thoroughbreds share the same paternal lineage, and almost half of the genetic makeup of the breed can be attributed to just 10 foundation horses. These facts are just a few of the recent findings brought to light by a research... Read More

Article

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Monitoring Update

February 22, 2002

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome
February 21, 2002
Updated Report from the Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center
University of Kentucky College of Agriculture

From December 30, 2001 to February 16, 2002, 190 equine abortions had... Read More

Article

Scientists Uncover New Way to Assess Ovulation

February 13, 2002

Veterinarians generally assess whether a mare has ovulated and is ready to breed by rectal palpation. However, new research suggests that a mare’s blood plasma sample can tell the veterinarian just as accurately that ovulation has occurred. The... Read More

Article

Kentucky Breeding Regulations Amended

February 06, 2002

As was stated Feb. 4 in a news story on this web site, the Kentucky Department of Agriculture filed emergency regulations regarding testing procedures for contagious equine metritis (CEM) to be followed when breeding an imported mare i... Read More

Article

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Meeting Emphasizes Communication

February 06, 2002

More than 350 veterinarians, farm managers and personnel, and other members of Central Kentucky’s horse industry gathered on Feb. 4 in Lexington to review what is known about the mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) of 2001, and how to monitor... Read More

Article

Rare Donkey Born Through Embryo Transfer in Australia

February 06, 2002

Monash University reproductive research is helping save the world's most endangered donkey breed.
 
In a world first, a rare and prehistoric-looking Poitou donkey foal has been born to a surrogate Standardbred horse after embryo... Read More

Article

Emergency Breeding Procedures Filed for Kentucky Farms

February 04, 2002

Due to concerns resulting from last year's foal losses attributed to Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome (MRLS), the Kentucky Department of Agriculture today filed emergency regulations regarding procedures that are followed when breeding an importe... Read More

Article

Managing Barren Mares

February 01, 2002

Not every mare that is mated during a breeding season becomes pregnant, nor does every mare that conceives carry a foal to term. Failure of conception, early embryonic losses, and abortions are a fact of life in equine reproduction, and problem... Read More

Article

Working for the Betterment of Horses

February 01, 2002

Moyer and Johnson are excited about the future of equine research, not only at Texas A&M, but around the world. And that excitement was made possible in large part to a woman who wanted to better the world in which horses live.... Read More