Recent News for Diseases and Conditions

Article

Tetanus Prevention in Horses

February 04, 2004

Tetanus, or lockjaw, is an often fatal disease caused by the anaerobic (grows in low oxygen conditions)bacterium, Clostridium tetani. The spores of C. tetani are commonly present in the soil and can contaminate puncture wounds,... Read More

Article

Cribbing: Effect on Colic (AAEP 2003)

February 04, 2004

Cribbing, the oral stereotypic behavior in which the horse grabs an object with his teeth while flexing his neck and sometimes swallowing air, has long been suspected as a cause of colic. ... Read More

Article

What is EPM?

February 03, 2004

EPM is a protozoal disease that causes inflammation in the brain and spinal cord of the horse. In the late 1970s to early 1980s, Morgan said there was debate whether a toxoplasma or Sarcocystis organism was the cause. ... Read More

Article

Subclinical Exposure Rate to West Nile Virus

February 03, 2004

If you've had equine cases of West Nile virus (WNV) pop up in your county, most of the equids in the area probably were exposed to the disease or even infected by the time those infections occurred. That is why it's extremely important to vaccinate... Read More

Article

Eye Diseases of the Horse (AAEP 2003)

February 02, 2004

He stressed that horse owners should begin to watch their horses' eyes because the sooner you see something wrong, the sooner your vet can get there and the sooner the horse can be healed. ... Read More

Article

Sudden-Onset Headshaking

February 01, 2004

My pony started tossing his head and cribbing at about the same time. The head tossing has increased to the point of not being able to ride him. He has had his teeth floated and has been checked by a vet for common problems. He has never had... Read More

Article

R. equi on Breeding Farms

February 01, 2004

Rhodococcus equi is an organism that lives in soil, requiring warmth and nutrients found in horse manure to grow and spread among equine populations. It is the most common cause of pneumonia in foals one to four months of age, bringing... Read More

Article

New WNV Equine Recombinant DNA Vaccine Approved

February 01, 2004

Editor's note: A letter to the editor from Fort Dodge Animal Health cited inaccuracies in this article and has been included below.

A new West Nile virus... Read More

Article

Purdue Team Solves WNV Structure

February 01, 2004

Purdue University biologists recently determined the viral structure of the West Nile virus (WNV), a development that could greatly augment our understanding of the virus' life cycle.

Using cryoelectron microscopy and advanced imaging... Read More

Article

Cribbing and Colic

February 01, 2004

Cribbing, the oral stereotypic behavior in which the horse grabs an object with his teeth while flexing his neck and sometimes swallowing air, has long been suspected as a cause of colic. A study from the Universities of Illinois and Liverpool... Read More

Article

Jump-Starting the Dummy Foal

January 31, 2004

The term "dummy foal" is being used less and less. A more accurate term for the foal exhibiting behavioral or neurologic abnormalities that are not related to infectious or toxic conditions, congenital or developmental abnormalities, or metabolic dis... Read More

Article

Foal Care From Birth to 30 Days (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Foal care from the first few hours of life to one month can be critical in the overall health and welfare of the newborn foal.... Read More

Article

Abdominal Pain in Foals (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Abdominal pain in the foal can have many different causes, making it difficult to diagnose a cause. However, with knowledge of the different causes, a proper physical exam, the use of diagnostic tools, and common sense, a veterinarian can pinpoint a ... Read More

Article

When a Foal Needs Surgery (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

If your new foal develops a disease or medical problem that requires surgery, then time is of the essence. In his AAEP Convention presentation "Surgical Disease of the Neonate," Rolf Embertson, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, of Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital... Read More

Article

The Equine Stomach (AAEP 2003: Milne Lecture)

January 31, 2004

Merritt's presentation highlighted advances made over the last 40 years in the understanding of how the equine stomach functions and its related diseases. His presentation had a special emphasis on equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS), and slides of ... Read More

Article

Managing a Rabid Horse

January 31, 2004

Is it colic, or could it be rabies? The horse with rabies is extremely dangerous to himself, other animals, and humans. Rabies is a fatal viral disease of mammals that can be spread to humans through bites, licks, or through contact with the victim's... Read More

Article

Surgery for Dorsal Displacement of the Soft Palate

January 31, 2004

Dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP) occurs when the palate partially obstructs the airway by becoming displaced on top of the epiglottis. This obstruction can affect breathing, especially during intense exercise.... Read More

Article

Breeding The High-Risk Mare

January 31, 2004

With advances in modern veterinary medicine happening all of the time, the practitioners agreed that management of high-risk mares is becoming easier, and the probability of a healthy foal is increasing.... Read More

Article

Reproduction/Perinatology Forum at AAEP 2003

January 31, 2004

Veterinarians interested in reproduction and perinatology (the foal immediately after birth) crowded into the Reproduction/Perinatology Forum at the 2003 American Association of Equine Practitioners' convention to discuss mare reproductive loss... Read More

Article

Kentucky Pasture Monitoring Programs

January 22, 2004

Comparing pasture samples from 2002 and 2003 didn't associate mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) with anything other than the Eastern tent caterpillar. However, Wayne Long, MS, of the University of Kentucky's (UK) Department of Agronomy,... Read More

Article

Residual Effects of WNV More Than Anticipated

January 21, 2004

Horse owners should be vigilant about having equine survivors of West Nile virus (WNV) re-examined by their veterinarians before putting the animals back into work. In a study of Minnesota horses which survived clinical WNV can make the horse... Read More

Article

USDA Instituting New Blood Test for Equine Piroplasmosis

January 19, 2004

Effective Feb. 1, 2004, the USDA will institute a new blood test for determining the equine piroplasmosis status of horses upon entry into the United States.

The competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CELISA) is more sensitive... Read More

Article

Comments Sought on Equine Viral Arteritis: Uniformed Methods and Rules

January 19, 2004

The American Horse Council (AHC) has been asked to share the Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA): Uniformed Methods and Rules (UM&R) created by the USDA.

There is a brief period for review and comment and the AHC asks that you click Read More

Article

South African Racing Loses to Equine Flu

January 15, 2004

The 1986 equine influenza outbreak in South Africa virtually halted racing in some parts of the country. Last month, equine flu again reared its ugly and contagious head, causing cancellation of races at several top tracks and forcing quarantine... Read More

Article

Improved Diagnostics for the Upper Airway

January 14, 2004

"Endoscopy is the primary diagnostic tool for evaluation of the upper airway of the horse," said Brett Woodie, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVS, of Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, at the clinic's annual client education seminar held Jan. 5 in Lexington, Ky.... Read More