Recent News for Diseases and Conditions

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Sentinel Farm Summary; 2002 Pasture Monitoring Program

December 27, 2002

The following information was produced by the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture from Wayne Long (pwlong@uky.edu) and Jimmy Henning (jhenning@uky.edu) of the... Read More

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Kentucky Abortions Update

December 18, 2002

The “blip” of abortions seen in August, September, and October in Kentucky has continued on through December. With only about 50 total abortions reported, this problem might not even catch the attention of many people in a normal year, as... Read More

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Horseman's Day at the 2002 AAEP Convention

December 17, 2002

Horseman’s Day, held for the third time as part of the annual AAEP convention, was another rousing success. There weren’t as many people in attendance as there were in San Diego last year, but they were just as enthusiastic. AAEP officials said... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Infectious Disease Forum

December 17, 2002

With West Nile virus (WNV) marching across the United States and affecting both horses and humans, infectious disease prevention has been a hot topic in barns, the media, veterinary clinics, and elsewhere. During the Infectious Disease forum,... Read More

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AAEP 2002 Geriatric Dentistry Table Topic

December 12, 2002

"Dental Care and Management of the Geriatric Patient" was the focus of one lunchtime Table Topic on Dec. 5, with topics ranging from diet selection to systemic illness to sedation. With veterinarians filling all seats and standing against... Read More

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AAEP 2002: Biologic and Therapeutic Agents Forum

December 11, 2002

Among the topics of interest discussed were plasma products, compounding, and West Nile virus. The discussion of plasma products centered around the current United States Department of Agriculture licensure of only some of these products. Until... Read More

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West Nile Virus Vaccination in Mares and Foals

December 04, 2002

There were nearly 14,000 reported cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in the United States in 2002 by the end of November, and many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling... Read More

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West Nile Virus Vaccination Program

December 04, 2002

On Nov. 3, the Florida Equine Practice Committee met in Ocala, Fla. One of the main topics of discussion was the protocol for using the West Nile virus equine vaccine manufactured by Fort Dodge Animal Health.

According to Dr. Maury B.... Read More

Article

Retina and Optic Nerve Disease

December 01, 2002

The retina is one of the most metabolically active tissues in the body. It consists of 10 layers of cells and nerve fibers. Nine layers compose the sensory retina, with a final layer, the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), present next to the... Read More

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Recovering from the Flu

December 01, 2002

Q: There was recently a flu-like breakout at the barn where I board, and some other boarders disagreed on how long, or even if they need to, keep horses in and relatively isolated. Some folks are turning them out soon after the... Read More

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Antimicrobials in Colic Surgery

December 01, 2002

Colic surgery in horses is classified as a "clean contaminated" procedure because incisions into the intestine can allow bacteria to contaminate the sterile abdomen. Thus, prophylactic (preventive) antibiotic therapy is often administered prior... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Still Spreading

December 01, 2002

As of Nov. 3, cases of equine illness caused this year by West Nile virus (WNV) confirmed at the USDA's National Veterinary Services Laboratories had risen to 12,843; 12,105 cases more than the final case count for 2001. Vaccinating for WNV and... Read More

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Unusual Fall Abortions in Kentucky

December 01, 2002

Pathologists at the Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (LDDC) in Lexington noticed that a few more fetal losses were being seen than was usual during August, September, and October. That prompted increased surveillance and reporting,... Read More

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One More Piece in MRLS Puzzle

December 01, 2002

Researchers at the Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (LDDC) have uncovered one more piece in the puzzle that is known as mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS). Whatever caused early fetal losses and late-term abortions in 2001 and... Read More

Article

Equine Salmonellosis

December 01, 2002

Salmonella spp. can cause diarrhea, abscesses, septicemia, and other ailments in horses. The October 2002 issue of Equine Disease Quarterly, published by the University of Kentucky (UK) and sponsored by underwriters at Lloyd's of... Read More

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West Nile Virus Found in Washington Horse

November 26, 2002

The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) recently announced that West Nile virus (WNV) has been confirmed in a 14-year-old horse in Island County. The horse, which became ill early in October, is recovering. It is the first horse... Read More

Article

Pigeon Fever in Colorado and Wyoming

November 26, 2002

There has been an unusual rise in cases of pigeon fever detected in Colorado and Wyoming, according to recent reports from Colorado State University (CSU) and the Wyoming State Veterinary Lab.

Seventy-six cases from Colorado's Front Rang... Read More

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Clostridia-Associated Enterocolitis in Foals

November 25, 2002

Clostridia-associated enterocolitis (inflammation of the small intestine and colon) affects both humans and horses, young and old alike. According to Nathan Slovis, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM, of Hagyard-Davidson-McGee (HDM) Associates veterinary clinic i... Read More

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Pigeon Fever in Kentucky

November 20, 2002

An unusual outbreak of the bacterial disease “pigeon fever,” also known as dryland distemper, has been occurring in Kentucky over the past three weeks, according to Doug Byars, DVM, a specialist in internal medicine and equine critical care. He... Read More

Article

Endometrial Cysts

November 15, 2002

Endometrial cysts occur in up to 22% of all mares and up to 55% of older mares.... Read More

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Have a Horse with Heaves?

November 13, 2002

Sarah Gardner, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, assistant professor of equine medicine at North Carolina State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, is looking for horses with heaves (chronic respiratory disease, COPD) as donations or that she can... Read More

Article

WNV Continues to Spread

November 06, 2002

As of Nov. 3, cases of equine illness caused this year by West Nile virus (WNV) confirmed at the USDA’s National Veterinary Services Laboratories had risen to 12,843; 12,105 cases more than the final case count for 2001. Vaccinating for WNV and... Read More

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Kentucky Farm Managers Address MRLS

November 06, 2002

President Eric Hamelback gave a sense of urgency as he opened the most recent meeting of the Kentucky Thoroughbred Farm Managers' Club, saying "we need to make plans for control now." Hamelback was referring to Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome, a... Read More

Article

The Colicky Foal

November 04, 2002

The first thing to decide in a foal with abdominal pain is if the colic is surgical or non-surgical, said Bernard. He stressed the importance of observance "before you jump on it" and start taking vitals and administering medications.... Read More

Article

Pilot Study Implicates Outer Portion of ETC

November 04, 2002

Since the beginning of the mare reproductive loss syndrome in 2001, there have been many theories as to the cause of the problems. Honing in on the extreme number of Eastern tent caterpillars (ETC) in 2001 and 2002, studies have shown that early... Read More