Recent News for Diseases and Conditions

Article

Equine Glaucoma: High-Pressure Eyes

February 23, 2004

Glaucoma (increased fluid pressure within the eye to a level incompatible with eye health) in horses is not well recognized, but look for it in cases of cloudy cornea, corneal edema, or severe unrelenting ocular inflammation.... Read More

Article

Possible Equine Anthrax Outbreak in India

February 23, 2004

According to a Feb. 23 ProMED-mail post, Kashmir, India, could be experiencing an equine anthrax outbreak.

In late December 2003, an India Times article reported that, "Veterinarians here have raised alarm over the spread of... Read More

Article

AAEP 2003: Kester News Hour

February 18, 2004

With researchers worldwide working on solutions to various horse health problems, there is a veritable mountain of information being published continuously. Much of this information is included in AAEP convention presentations, but some of this... Read More

Article

Gastrointestinal Rupture Clinical Signs (AAEP 2003)

February 17, 2004

Results of the study could help veterinarians know what signs to look for to make a definitive diagnosis of intestinal rupture, thus allowing them to prevent prolonged suffering of the affected horse and additional expense to the horse owner, as euth... Read More

Article

Promising New Treatment for Equine Sarcoids (AAEP 2003)

February 17, 2004

One of the most common and effective treatments for sarcoids is chemotherapy using the drug cisplatin, which is noted for its ease of use, low cost, and high efficacy (up to 90% for sarcoids and 70-90% for carcinomas). ... Read More

Article

Lyme Disease Research

February 17, 2004

Infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease, is widespread in the northeastern United States, with nearly 50% of adult horses in some areas infected or with a history of infection.... Read More

Article

Acyclovir for Treating EHV-1 Myeloencephalopathy

February 16, 2004

Acyclovir is an anti-viral drug with a high activity and selectivity for herpesviruses. It has been used in equine outbreaks, even though past studies have not established a clear-cut benefit of using the drug.... Read More

Article

Preventing Gastric Ulcers: Study

February 16, 2004

White and 10 other veterinarians from private and university equine hospitals in the United States and Canada investigated whether a dose of 1 mg/kg/day would prevent occurrence and recurrence of gastric ulcers in racehorses.... Read More

Article

Return to Racing for Roarers After Surgery

February 12, 2004

Results of a study from the University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center suggest that there is a high chance that a horse can return to racing after surgery for laryngeal hemiplegia (partial or complete paralysis of the larynx, also called roaring)... Read More

Article

Rhodococcus equi: Genetic Variability and its Clinical Implications

February 12, 2004

If there are any two words that can cause a foaling operation's manager to shudder, they are probably "Rhodococcus equi," since the bacterium is considered the most common cause of severe pneumonia in foals. ... Read More

Article

Diagnosing Respiratory Tract Ulcers

February 12, 2004

"Indications to evaluate this area include respiratory noise and a persistent cough, often along with poor performance," he said. "When the cough is observed while the horse is eating or when bitting up, this is pathognomonic (is indicative of a spec... Read More

Article

Tetanus Prevention in Horses

February 04, 2004

Tetanus, or lockjaw, is an often fatal disease caused by the anaerobic (grows in low oxygen conditions)bacterium, Clostridium tetani. The spores of C. tetani are commonly present in the soil and can contaminate puncture wounds,... Read More

Article

Cribbing: Effect on Colic (AAEP 2003)

February 04, 2004

Cribbing, the oral stereotypic behavior in which the horse grabs an object with his teeth while flexing his neck and sometimes swallowing air, has long been suspected as a cause of colic. ... Read More

Article

What is EPM?

February 03, 2004

EPM is a protozoal disease that causes inflammation in the brain and spinal cord of the horse. In the late 1970s to early 1980s, Morgan said there was debate whether a toxoplasma or Sarcocystis organism was the cause. ... Read More

Article

Subclinical Exposure Rate to West Nile Virus

February 03, 2004

If you've had equine cases of West Nile virus (WNV) pop up in your county, most of the equids in the area probably were exposed to the disease or even infected by the time those infections occurred. That is why it's extremely important to vaccinate... Read More

Article

Eye Diseases of the Horse (AAEP 2003)

February 02, 2004

He stressed that horse owners should begin to watch their horses' eyes because the sooner you see something wrong, the sooner your vet can get there and the sooner the horse can be healed. ... Read More

Article

Sudden-Onset Headshaking

February 01, 2004

My pony started tossing his head and cribbing at about the same time. The head tossing has increased to the point of not being able to ride him. He has had his teeth floated and has been checked by a vet for common problems. He has never had... Read More

Article

R. equi on Breeding Farms

February 01, 2004

Rhodococcus equi is an organism that lives in soil, requiring warmth and nutrients found in horse manure to grow and spread among equine populations. It is the most common cause of pneumonia in foals one to four months of age, bringing... Read More

Article

New WNV Equine Recombinant DNA Vaccine Approved

February 01, 2004

Editor's note: A letter to the editor from Fort Dodge Animal Health cited inaccuracies in this article and has been included below.

A new West Nile virus... Read More

Article

Purdue Team Solves WNV Structure

February 01, 2004

Purdue University biologists recently determined the viral structure of the West Nile virus (WNV), a development that could greatly augment our understanding of the virus' life cycle.

Using cryoelectron microscopy and advanced imaging... Read More

Article

Cribbing and Colic

February 01, 2004

Cribbing, the oral stereotypic behavior in which the horse grabs an object with his teeth while flexing his neck and sometimes swallowing air, has long been suspected as a cause of colic. A study from the Universities of Illinois and Liverpool... Read More

Article

Jump-Starting the Dummy Foal

January 31, 2004

The term "dummy foal" is being used less and less. A more accurate term for the foal exhibiting behavioral or neurologic abnormalities that are not related to infectious or toxic conditions, congenital or developmental abnormalities, or metabolic dis... Read More

Article

Foal Care From Birth to 30 Days (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Foal care from the first few hours of life to one month can be critical in the overall health and welfare of the newborn foal.... Read More

Article

Abdominal Pain in Foals (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

Abdominal pain in the foal can have many different causes, making it difficult to diagnose a cause. However, with knowledge of the different causes, a proper physical exam, the use of diagnostic tools, and common sense, a veterinarian can pinpoint a ... Read More

Article

When a Foal Needs Surgery (AAEP 2003)

January 31, 2004

If your new foal develops a disease or medical problem that requires surgery, then time is of the essence. In his AAEP Convention presentation "Surgical Disease of the Neonate," Rolf Embertson, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, of Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital... Read More