Recent News for Diseases and Conditions

Article

Bacterial Corneal Ulcers

May 01, 2002

The cornea is a thin and transparent, yet extremely strong tissue that supplies a majority of the eye's refractive, or light-bending, power. It is one of the most sensitive tissues in the body. The thickness of the equine cornea is about 1.5 mm,... Read More

Article

Wobbler Syndrome Signs and Diagnosis

May 01, 2002

A veterinarian can say several things that will chill every horse owner's heart, including colic, laminitis, navicular disease, and wobbler syndrome. These cause fear because of the unknown--and often unfavorable--outcome for your horse. But as... Read More

Article

Bute Toxicity in Neonates

May 01, 2002

Q: My wife and I were told that giving Bute (phenylbutazone) to a mare in foal can cause heart defects in the foal, similar to aspirin taken by women in early pregnancy. Is there any connection? A: Signs of phenylbutazone toxicity in foals whose...... Read More

Article

Ridding Sand From the Diet

May 01, 2002

In specific regions of the United States, one of the most commonly encountered forms of colic is "sand colic." This is not solely a problem in geographic areas with obviously sandy environments. Anywhere there is sand, decomposed granite, or... Read More

Article

New MRLS/Caterpillar Study Released

May 01, 2002

Preliminary results from a study at the University of Kentucky involving Eastern tent caterpillars and pregnant mares resulted in an early fetal loss syndrome similar to that associated with the mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) seen last... Read More

Article

Feeding Practices and Colic

May 01, 2002

There are multiple causes of colic, some of which are related to diet, stabling conditions, and activity level. Colic is painful for the horse, expensive to treat (especially if it requires surgery), and hard to predict. Determining which... Read More

Article

Cyanide Study in Caterpillars

May 01, 2002

Terry Fitzgerald, PhD, a distinguished university professor of biological sciences at the State University of New York College at Cortland, said recent research has shown that the Eastern tent caterpillar does a very good job of depleting the... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Education

May 01, 2002

A live satellite broadcast within Ohio March 20 disseminated information about West Nile virus (WNV) to extension and health personnel at remote locations, who then could ask questions of the expert presenters. The broadcast from Columbus, Ohio,... Read More

Article

Eastern Tent Caterpillar Movement Beginning

April 26, 2002

Eastern tent caterpillars are still regarded as a primary risk factor in the mare reproductive loss syndromes (MRLS) of 2001, and very preliminary research trials continue to support the recommendation that pregnant mares should not be exposed t... Read More

Article

Equine Management Advisory for Kentucky Horse Farms

April 25, 2002

Conditions in the central and eastern part of Kentucky will again be right for the possible formation of frost in low lying areas tonight (Thursday, April 25), according to University of Kentucky researchers. Because of similarities in... Read More

Article

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Monitoring Update

April 25, 2002

Result of Recently Completed Field Study

Ninety-one pregnant Thoroughbred mares on 8 farms in central Kentucky were studied by regular ultrasound examination to monitor the possible effects of exposure to MRLS during... Read More

Article

Eastern and Western Equine Encephalitis in 2001

April 24, 2002

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) and Western equine encephalitis (WEE) are mosquito-borne viral diseases that primarily affect horses east and west of the Mississippi River, as their names imply.  The Centers for Disease Control and... Read More

Article

Change to Texas EIA Regulations

April 23, 2002

The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) recently enacted a new regulation that requires equids to have had a negative blood test for equine infectious anemia (EIA) within the previous 12 months if the animals are kept within 200 yards of equid... Read More

Article

Advisory Issued Following Weather Forecast

April 22, 2002

Weather forecasts for the evening of April 24 in Central Kentucky have prompted University of Kentucky scientists to advise farm owners to temporarily restrict horses from eating pasture grass. The advisory is because of mare reproductive loss... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus 2001 Report Released, Map Online for 2002 Cases

April 18, 2002

Cases of equine West Nile virus (WNV) infection have been reported in Florida, and a bird has tested positive in Louisiana. Keep up with the spread of WNV in 2002 with our WNV map of cases.

Current Map of West Nile Virus Infection in... Read More

Article

Mycotoxin Binders Not Labeled Legally

April 12, 2002

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says the claims made by some feed products that they contain mycotoxin binders is illegal. In Kentucky last year, many feeds and supplements were touted as having mycotoxin binders in the face of mare... Read More

Article

Foal Hyperbaric Chamber Studies Commence

April 12, 2002

Studies examining the effects of hyperbaric oxygen on dummy foals and those with septic joints have begun.... Read More

Article

Foal Reduction Slows, But Percentage Still High

April 10, 2002

The rate of reduction in foal losses in Kentucky is slowing, but it is still staggering. The latest figures from The Jockey Club show 32.4 percent less foals dropped in Kentucky this year through April 3 compared with a year ago. In an earlier... Read More

Article

California EEE Case Investigation Complete

April 10, 2002

Final results have been released from a study that investigated the only case of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) ever documented in California. The infected Quarter Horse yearling died in the spring of 2000 (See Article Quick Find ... Read More

Article

Health Officials Tracking West Nile Virus

April 05, 2002

Health officials charting the spread of West Nile virus across the United States project that "Texas and at least up to the Rocky Mountains will be affected" by the virus in 2002, said Dr. Kristen Bernard, assistant director of the Arbovirus... Read More

Article

More West Nile Virus in Florida

April 03, 2002

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) has received reports of two positive cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) and one positive case of West Nile virus (WNV) in horses in Polk County, Florida. This marks the... Read More

Article

Small Intestinal Colic Surgery and Predicting Survival

April 03, 2002

While surgical correction of colic in horses has been performed at referral hospitals for many years, it has been difficult for horse owners to get reliable information about survival rate. The prospect of extremely expensive colic surgery... Read More

Article

MRLS Study Reaches Task Force

April 03, 2002

(Updated 4/05/02) In a newly released study, a collaboration of statisticians and epidemiologists have pinpointed several factors that predisposed mares to early fetal losses (EFL) in central Kentucky and nearby areas in 2001, but still... Read More

Article

Ruptured Stomach

April 01, 2002

I had a broodmare which died from a ruptured stomach. From what I can find out, this is reasonably rare and I would like to know if I was somehow to blame. Jess

 Rupture of the stomach is relatively rare. Primary rupture is... Read More

Article

Mesquite Tree Beans Toxic?

April 01, 2002

My horse recently had a horrible colic episode due to mesquite tree beans. Every summer these trees produce large bean pods, which evidently taste like candy to horses. According to my vet, they also slow down gut motility--hence the colic. ... Read More