Recent News for Diseases and Conditions

Article

Three West Nile Virus Studies Underway at Colorado State

January 13, 2003

Equine veterinarians at Colorado State University's James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital are currently involved in three research projects to analyze the statistics from 2002’s outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) in two Western... Read More

Article

High-Risk Pregnancies and Sick Foals

January 09, 2003

In defining a high-risk mare, Bain said she is one which has had previous foaling problems such as dystocia (difficult delivery), hemorrhage, or a red bag delivery. He said a mare also could be at risk because of medical illness, surgery, colic... Read More

Article

Prepping for Standing Eye Surgery (AAEP 2002)

January 08, 2003

"However, there are challenges with standing ocular (eye) surgery--you generally need magnification, and thus the horse must be perfectly still," he continued. "Many (eye) procedures thus require general anesthesia. But with appropriate tranquilizati... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Thyroid Function in Horses with Peripheral Cushing's Syndrome

January 07, 2003

Peripheral Cushing's syndrome (PCS) is seen in middle-aged horses with obesity-associated laminitis. These horses tend to accumulate fat in the crest of the neck, over the rump, and in the sheath of male horses. Researchers are trying to... Read More

Article

Gray Horse Disease--Melanoma

January 01, 2003

It is interesting that Federico Tesio in his book Breeding The Race Horse described the inheritance of the gray coat color like a disease or defect, since melanoma skin tumors are so common in the gray horse. On the other hand, the gray... Read More

Article

WNV Vaccination in Mares and Foals

January 01, 2003

There were nearly 14,000 reported cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in the United States in 2002 by the end of November, and many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Detected in Florida Alligators

January 01, 2003

Three farm-raised alligators from Central Florida have tested positive for West Nile virus (WNV), according to officials at the University of Florida (UF) College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM). This is the first time the virus has affected U.S.... Read More

Article

Pigeon Fever (Dryland Distemper) in Kentucky

January 01, 2003

An unusual outbreak of the bacterial disease "pigeon fever," also known as dryland distemper, occurred in Kentucky in early and mid-November 2002, according to Doug Byars, DVM, a specialist in internal medicine and equine critical care. He said... Read More

Article

Outside of Caterpillar Might Be Linked to MRLS

January 01, 2003

Since the beginning of the mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS) in 2001, there have been many theories as to the cause of the problems. Honing in on the extreme number of Eastern tent caterpillars (ETC) in 2001 and 2002, studies have shown tha... Read More

Article

Managers Doing Good Job with Pastures

December 30, 2002

A week following the Dec. 23 release of information about the University of Kentucky’s pasture monitoring related to mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS), Jimmy Henning, PhD, extension forage specialist at the University of Kentucky (UK)... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Changed to Endemic Disease Status; Fees will be Charged for Some WNV Testing

December 28, 2002

Government veterinary officials recently designated West Nile virus (WNV) as an endemic disease in the United States. The USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) previously had considered WNV a Foreign... Read More

Article

Sentinel Farm Summary; 2002 Pasture Monitoring Program

December 27, 2002

The following information was produced by the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture from Wayne Long (pwlong@uky.edu) and Jimmy Henning (jhenning@uky.edu) of the... Read More

Article

Kentucky Abortions Update

December 18, 2002

The “blip” of abortions seen in August, September, and October in Kentucky has continued on through December. With only about 50 total abortions reported, this problem might not even catch the attention of many people in a normal year, as... Read More

Article

Horseman's Day at the 2002 AAEP Convention

December 17, 2002

Horseman’s Day, held for the third time as part of the annual AAEP convention, was another rousing success. There weren’t as many people in attendance as there were in San Diego last year, but they were just as enthusiastic. AAEP officials said... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Infectious Disease Forum

December 17, 2002

With West Nile virus (WNV) marching across the United States and affecting both horses and humans, infectious disease prevention has been a hot topic in barns, the media, veterinary clinics, and elsewhere. During the Infectious Disease forum,... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002 Geriatric Dentistry Table Topic

December 12, 2002

"Dental Care and Management of the Geriatric Patient" was the focus of one lunchtime Table Topic on Dec. 5, with topics ranging from diet selection to systemic illness to sedation. With veterinarians filling all seats and standing against... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Biologic and Therapeutic Agents Forum

December 11, 2002

Among the topics of interest discussed were plasma products, compounding, and West Nile virus. The discussion of plasma products centered around the current United States Department of Agriculture licensure of only some of these products. Until... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Vaccination in Mares and Foals

December 04, 2002

There were nearly 14,000 reported cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in the United States in 2002 by the end of November, and many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Vaccination Program

December 04, 2002

On Nov. 3, the Florida Equine Practice Committee met in Ocala, Fla. One of the main topics of discussion was the protocol for using the West Nile virus equine vaccine manufactured by Fort Dodge Animal Health.

According to Dr. Maury B.... Read More

Article

Retina and Optic Nerve Disease

December 01, 2002

The retina is one of the most metabolically active tissues in the body. It consists of 10 layers of cells and nerve fibers. Nine layers compose the sensory retina, with a final layer, the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), present next to the... Read More

Article

Recovering from the Flu

December 01, 2002

Q: There was recently a flu-like breakout at the barn where I board, and some other boarders disagreed on how long, or even if they need to, keep horses in and relatively isolated. Some folks are turning them out soon after the... Read More

Article

Antimicrobials in Colic Surgery

December 01, 2002

Colic surgery in horses is classified as a "clean contaminated" procedure because incisions into the intestine can allow bacteria to contaminate the sterile abdomen. Thus, prophylactic (preventive) antibiotic therapy is often administered prior... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Still Spreading

December 01, 2002

As of Nov. 3, cases of equine illness caused this year by West Nile virus (WNV) confirmed at the USDA's National Veterinary Services Laboratories had risen to 12,843; 12,105 cases more than the final case count for 2001. Vaccinating for WNV and... Read More

Article

Unusual Fall Abortions in Kentucky

December 01, 2002

Pathologists at the Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (LDDC) in Lexington noticed that a few more fetal losses were being seen than was usual during August, September, and October. That prompted increased surveillance and reporting,... Read More

Article

One More Piece in MRLS Puzzle

December 01, 2002

Researchers at the Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (LDDC) have uncovered one more piece in the puzzle that is known as mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS). Whatever caused early fetal losses and late-term abortions in 2001 and... Read More