Equine Disease Quarterly

Articles by Quarterly Equine Disease

African Horse Sickness: A Threat to the United States?

African horse sickness virus (AHSV) and bluetongue virus (BTV) are both members of the genus Orbivirus of the family Reoviridae. Both cause serious, noncontagious but infectious, arthropod-borne diseases in equids and ruminants, Read More

Kentucky Ice Storm Illustrates Anatomy of a Disaster

A winter weather warning for Kentucky had been issued, and all the horses were in the barn for the night as a precaution. After all, how often have the weather forecasters been overenthusiastic about "catastrophic" storms?

Overnight the Read More

Commentary: Epidemiology a Key Component of Equine Health

"Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specific populations and the application of this study to control health problems."
- J.M. Last: A Dictionary of Epidemiology, ed 2. Ne Read More

Equine Influenza: Why Take Nasal Swabs?

Influenza is one of the most contagious diseases of horses and therefore requires a timely and accurate diagnosis to help prevent a major outbreak. This diagnosis can be achieved only by testing clinical specimens from nasal swabs.

Rapid Read More

International Equine Disease Report, Fourth Quarter 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks:

Two cases of contagious equine metritis (CEM) were confirmed in non-Thoroughbred horses in France. As of Feb. 23 the USDA Read More

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy 101

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a high-dose oxygen inhalation therapy that is achieved by having the patient breathe 100% oxygen inside a pressurized hyperbaric chamber. The delivery of oxygen to the tissues occurs through respiration becaus Read More

Commentary: The Racetrack, A Changing Perspective

Recently a veterinary colleague remarked that a horse that had sustained a minor laceration in the starting gate had been scratched. While there was no expectation that the horse's performance would be impacted, she could not justify permitting Read More

Animal Carcass Disposal: Know Your Options

While carcass disposal is not a pleasant topic, it is a subject of significant economic and environmental concern. What are the options for carcass disposal?

In many instances the cause of death needs to be determined, so the body is Read More

International Equine Disease Report Third Quarter 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

Cases of anasplasmosis (Anasplasma phagocytophila) and Borreliosis (Borrelia burgdorferi) were diagnosed among Read More

Commentary: Equine Medicine Has Come a Long Way

While I was in veterinary school 20-some years ago, the first ultrasound machine was being "explored" by board-certified veterinary radiologists at university veterinary schools. Pain medication for horses was mostly limited to the non-steroidal Read More

MRI Diagnostics: Uses and Limitations

MRI uses magnetic fields to create various types of cross-sectional and three-dimensional images. Read More

Commentary: International Resources Help Working Equids

Working equids are the donkeys, mules, ponies, and horses that are integral to transporting of goods to market, plowing the land, and clearing brush and trees in most of the world. Even if roads were traversable and the terrain could accommodate Read More

Syndromic Surveillance of Equine Infectious Diseases in France

The Reseau d'Epidemio-Surveillance en Pathologie Equine (RESPE) is the French surveillance network for infectious diseases in horses and was implemented in 1999. Since January 2008, a new legal status including socio-professional structures has Read More

Genetics of Contracted Foal Syndrome

When a foal is born with limb contractures preventing it from standing or walking normally, it is said to have contractures, or contracted foal syndrome (CFS). Read More

Poisoning in Horses: Common Toxic Substances

Poisoning in horses is not a common occurrence, but when poisoning occurs, effects can be disastrous and far-reaching. Listing all toxic substances is impossible, as virtually everything on the planet can be toxic at sufficiently high dosages. Read More

Equine Disease Report: Second Quarter of 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

A single non-Thoroughbred horse in France and four non-Thoroughbred horses on two premises in Switzerland were confirmed Read More

Monitoring and Preventing Equine Herpesvirus Abortions

The monitoring of abortions attributable to equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) initiated in 1957 among the Thoroughbred mare population of Central Kentucky has continued annually for the past 51 years. The number of EHV-1 abortions per 1,000 pregnant Read More

West Nile Incidence and Vaccination, 1999-2007

West Nile virus (WNV), an arbovirus endemic in North America, is the causative agent of West Nile equine encephalomyelitis (WNEE) and an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of horses with signs of neurologic disease. West Read More

Understanding the USEF Equine Drugs and Medications Program

The United States Equestrian Federation (USEF) is the national governing body for equestrian sport and is a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee. The USEF is responsible for enforcing the rules of 27 breeds and disciplines. Formerly this Read More

Mammary Gland Tumors in Mares

Mammary neoplasia (tumors) in the mare is exceedingly rare. To date, published cases consist of reports of six single cases and one report each for two, three, and four mares. Of published cases, all tumors were malignant except one report of a Read More

Commentary: Diagnostic Laboratories a Key Component of Equine Health

This issue of The Quarterly contains several articles on diseases of horses that run the gamut of conditions. Read More

International Equine Disease Report, First Quarter 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks:

Cases of African horse sickness (AHS) occurred in South Africa during the fourth quarter of 2007 and continued in 2008. The Read More

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Update

An abortigenic disease known as mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS ) significantly impacted the horse industry in the Ohio Valley in late April and early May, 2001 and 2002. In 2001, approximately 25% of all pregnant mares aborted within several Read More

Equine Placentitis: Common Causes and Newly Emerging Pathogens

During the past six years (Jan. 2, 2002 - Jan. 31, 2008), 1,429 cases of equine placentitis have been diagnosed at the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (LDDC). Of these, 1,189 cases had an infectious agent identified. Read More

Kentucky's EIA Surveillance in 2007

During the 2007 calendar year, 128,912 serum samples were tested for equine infectious anemia (EIA) in Kentucky. Private testing accounted for 111,607 samples. These samples were collected and tested to comply with state regulations governing th Read More