Equine Disease Quarterly

Equine Disease Quarterly is a quarterly equine disease research newsletter published by the University of Kentucky's Gluck Equine Research Center, and funded by underwriters at Lloyd's of London, brokers, and their agents.

Articles by Quarterly Equine Disease

Equine Disease Report: Second Quarter 2009

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was recorded in France, the United States, and the United Kingdom (UK). One case of Read More

Simple Steps to Reduce Infectious Horse Disease Risk

Infectious diseases are a constant risk to the health and welfare of horses. Along with vaccination, preventive management techniques are critical to disease prevention.

Horse owners should:

Québec Eastern Equine Encephalitis Outbreak of 2008 Reviewed

Following is a report by the animal health surveillance network (RAIZO) of the Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec.

Only two cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) had been reported in Québec Read More

Commentary: Horse Health Research Needs Funding

Research is an important, but not always visible, part of the horse industry. Basic research is often conducted in laboratories away from horse farms and racetracks. However, results from basic research are frequently the starting point for Read More

Equine Herpesvirus Myeloencephalopathy Resources Available

A 74-page report on equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM), for which equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) has been identified as a causative agent, was released by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services, Centers for Epidemiology and Read More

Human Injuries Related to Horses Analyzed

The American Horse Council's 2005 report "The Economic Impact of the Horse Industry on the United States" documents that more than 2 million horse owners are involved in a variety of activities. Millions more people ride horses every year or handle Read More

International Equine Disease Report, First Quarter 2009

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks:

Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was confirmed on four premises in France. In December 2008, four stallions (three Quarter Read More

Early Embryonic Loss and Genetics

Chromosomes are large segments of DNA wound around special proteins within each cell's nucleus. They contain nearly all of the body's genetic material. Horses have 64 chromosomes (or 32 pairs) including the two sex chromosomes (XY in males and X Read More

African Horse Sickness: A Threat to the United States?

African horse sickness virus (AHSV) and bluetongue virus (BTV) are both members of the genus Orbivirus of the family Reoviridae. Both cause serious, noncontagious but infectious, arthropod-borne diseases in equids and ruminants, Read More

Kentucky Ice Storm Illustrates Anatomy of a Disaster

A winter weather warning for Kentucky had been issued, and all the horses were in the barn for the night as a precaution. After all, how often have the weather forecasters been overenthusiastic about "catastrophic" storms?

Overnight the Read More

Commentary: Epidemiology a Key Component of Equine Health

"Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specific populations and the application of this study to control health problems."
- J.M. Last: A Dictionary of Epidemiology, ed 2. Ne Read More

Equine Influenza: Why Take Nasal Swabs?

Influenza is one of the most contagious diseases of horses and therefore requires a timely and accurate diagnosis to help prevent a major outbreak. This diagnosis can be achieved only by testing clinical specimens from nasal swabs.

Rapid Read More

International Equine Disease Report, Fourth Quarter 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks:

Two cases of contagious equine metritis (CEM) were confirmed in non-Thoroughbred horses in France. As of Feb. 23 the USDA Read More

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy 101

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a high-dose oxygen inhalation therapy that is achieved by having the patient breathe 100% oxygen inside a pressurized hyperbaric chamber. The delivery of oxygen to the tissues occurs through respiration becaus Read More

Commentary: The Racetrack, A Changing Perspective

Recently a veterinary colleague remarked that a horse that had sustained a minor laceration in the starting gate had been scratched. While there was no expectation that the horse's performance would be impacted, she could not justify permitting Read More

Animal Carcass Disposal: Know Your Options

While carcass disposal is not a pleasant topic, it is a subject of significant economic and environmental concern. What are the options for carcass disposal?

In many instances the cause of death needs to be determined, so the body is Read More

International Equine Disease Report Third Quarter 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

Cases of anasplasmosis (Anasplasma phagocytophila) and Borreliosis (Borrelia burgdorferi) were diagnosed among Read More

Commentary: Equine Medicine Has Come a Long Way

While I was in veterinary school 20-some years ago, the first ultrasound machine was being "explored" by board-certified veterinary radiologists at university veterinary schools. Pain medication for horses was mostly limited to the non-steroidal Read More

MRI Diagnostics: Uses and Limitations

MRI uses magnetic fields to create various types of cross-sectional and three-dimensional images. Read More

Commentary: International Resources Help Working Equids

Working equids are the donkeys, mules, ponies, and horses that are integral to transporting of goods to market, plowing the land, and clearing brush and trees in most of the world. Even if roads were traversable and the terrain could accommodate Read More

Syndromic Surveillance of Equine Infectious Diseases in France

The Reseau d'Epidemio-Surveillance en Pathologie Equine (RESPE) is the French surveillance network for infectious diseases in horses and was implemented in 1999. Since January 2008, a new legal status including socio-professional structures has Read More

Genetics of Contracted Foal Syndrome

When a foal is born with limb contractures preventing it from standing or walking normally, it is said to have contractures, or contracted foal syndrome (CFS). Read More

Poisoning in Horses: Common Toxic Substances

Poisoning in horses is not a common occurrence, but when poisoning occurs, effects can be disastrous and far-reaching. Listing all toxic substances is impossible, as virtually everything on the planet can be toxic at sufficiently high dosages. Read More

Equine Disease Report: Second Quarter of 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

A single non-Thoroughbred horse in France and four non-Thoroughbred horses on two premises in Switzerland were confirmed Read More

Monitoring and Preventing Equine Herpesvirus Abortions

The monitoring of abortions attributable to equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) initiated in 1957 among the Thoroughbred mare population of Central Kentucky has continued annually for the past 51 years. The number of EHV-1 abortions per 1,000 pregnant Read More