Equine Disease Quarterly

Equine Disease Quarterly is a quarterly equine disease research newsletter published by the University of Kentucky's Gluck Equine Research Center, and funded by underwriters at Lloyd's of London, brokers, and their agents.

Articles by Quarterly Equine Disease

Monitoring and Preventing Equine Herpesvirus Abortions

The monitoring of abortions attributable to equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) initiated in 1957 among the Thoroughbred mare population of Central Kentucky has continued annually for the past 51 years. The number of EHV-1 abortions per 1,000 pregnant Read More

West Nile Incidence and Vaccination, 1999-2007

West Nile virus (WNV), an arbovirus endemic in North America, is the causative agent of West Nile equine encephalomyelitis (WNEE) and an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of horses with signs of neurologic disease. West Read More

Understanding the USEF Equine Drugs and Medications Program

The United States Equestrian Federation (USEF) is the national governing body for equestrian sport and is a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee. The USEF is responsible for enforcing the rules of 27 breeds and disciplines. Formerly this Read More

Mammary Gland Tumors in Mares

Mammary neoplasia (tumors) in the mare is exceedingly rare. To date, published cases consist of reports of six single cases and one report each for two, three, and four mares. Of published cases, all tumors were malignant except one report of a Read More

Commentary: Diagnostic Laboratories a Key Component of Equine Health

This issue of The Quarterly contains several articles on diseases of horses that run the gamut of conditions. Read More

International Equine Disease Report, First Quarter 2008

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks:

Cases of African horse sickness (AHS) occurred in South Africa during the fourth quarter of 2007 and continued in 2008. The Read More

Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Update

An abortigenic disease known as mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS ) significantly impacted the horse industry in the Ohio Valley in late April and early May, 2001 and 2002. In 2001, approximately 25% of all pregnant mares aborted within several Read More

Equine Placentitis: Common Causes and Newly Emerging Pathogens

During the past six years (Jan. 2, 2002 - Jan. 31, 2008), 1,429 cases of equine placentitis have been diagnosed at the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (LDDC). Of these, 1,189 cases had an infectious agent identified. Read More

Kentucky's EIA Surveillance in 2007

During the 2007 calendar year, 128,912 serum samples were tested for equine infectious anemia (EIA) in Kentucky. Private testing accounted for 111,607 samples. These samples were collected and tested to comply with state regulations governing th Read More

Fire Ants and Horses

Fire ants deliver a simultaneous bite and sting that are very painful and give them their infamous name. The threat of fire ants to healthy, ambulatory adult animals is fairly minimal. However, fire ants can be a significant threat to recumbent Read More

International Equine Disease Report Fourth Quarter 2007

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks:

A clinically severe outbreak of atypical myoglobinuria/myopathy (AM) was diagnosed among eight non-Thoroughbred horse Read More

Commentary: Working With Your Veterinarian

"Please help! My 10-year-old Quarter Horse has been down in the pasture for two days and won't get up. What should I do?"

"A week ago I saw my horse bitten by a skunk in broad daylight. I dressed the wounds, but after searching the internet Read More

Equine Glanders: Scientists Working to Improve Testing Options

Glanders is an important infectious equine disease of imposing antiquity. It is endemic in Brazil, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Iraq, India, Pakistan, and some other countries. Equine glanders has been eradicated from North America and Read More

Causes of Foal Mortality: a One-Year Snapshot

Neonatal losses are a significant problem for the equine industry. Of the 1,294 fetal, neonatal, and juvenile equine cases presented to the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center from September 2004 through August 2005, 259 Read More

Investigating Foreign Animal Diseases

Surveillance for and the investigation of suspected foreign animal diseases is a high priority for state and federal animal health regulatory officials, because the movement of animals and animal products, including semen and embryos, in Read More

Commentary: Equine Quarantine Increasingly Important

Epidemics of equine influenza in Japan and Australia during the summer of 2007 have raised questions regarding the failure of quarantine and influenza vaccination to control the spread of disease.

Expanding and increasingly mobile equine Read More

International Equine Disease Report Third Quarter 2007

Cases of equine herpesvirus (EHV) respiratory disease were widely reported among a variety of breeds in France. In the United Kingdom, respiratory disease attributable to EHV-1 was diagnosed among a group of donkeys and to EHV-4 among a group of foal Read More

Equine Disease Quarterly Celebrates 15 Years

15 years, one-and-a-half decades...however you want to think of it, this is the 15th anniversary of the inaugural edition of the Lloyd's Equine Disease Quarterly!

Lloyd's Underwriters and Brokers and their Kentucky agents have been Read More

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A Review

Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacterium and an important cause of disease in many species. Approximately 10% of healthy horses carry S. aureus in their noses. This occurrence is termed "colonization," as the bacteria are present Read More

Wise Use of Antibacterial Drugs

Antibiotics and synthetic antibacterial drugs have revolutionized the ability to treat bacterial infections in human and animal patients. These drugs deserve careful use to preserve and optimize their effectiveness. Deciding on a treatment plan Read More

What in the World Is Going On with Equine Influenza?

Equine influenza has appeared in Japan for the first time since 1972. The first cases were observed in mid-August, and soon thereafter several hundred clinical cases appeared in multiple training centers. This outbreak prompted the Japan Racing Read More

International Disease Report Second Quarter 2007

This is an excerpt from Equine Disease Quarterly, funded by underwriters at Lloyd's, London, brokers, and their Kentucky agents.

The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the Read More

Commentary: Considering Test Results in Context

KNOWLEDGE IS POWER. Actually, it's much more accurate to say "Factual knowledge in context is power."

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing is an extremely sensitive test for biologic agents in horses. However, a positive PCR for Read More

BenZoylEcgonine Thresholds in Horse Urine

In 1985, the Kentucky Racing Commission directed the Equine Pharmacology program at the University of Kentucky to work on improving testing for performance-enhancing drugs. The outcome was the introduction of Enzyme-Linked-ImmunoSorbant Assay Read More

Wildfires, Drought, Lightning, and Horses

Wildfires in the United States in the first six months of 2007 have been significant, with hundreds of thousands of acres affected in Georgia, Florida, New Jersey, Minnesota, and even Catalina Island, California. The National Interagency Wildfir Read More