Equine Disease Quarterly

Equine Disease Quarterly is a quarterly equine disease research newsletter published by the University of Kentucky's Gluck Equine Research Center, and funded by underwriters at Lloyd's of London, brokers, and their agents.

Articles by Quarterly Equine Disease

The Changing Face of Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Mosquito-borne virus infections of horses pose a continuous and expanding threat to equine health in the United States and internationally. The majority of equine mosquito-borne diseases in the United States today are preventable by immunization; Read More

Search for the Cause of Equine Atypical Myopathy

Equine atypical myopathy (EAM), a seasonal, pasture-associated muscle disorder of unknown etiology (cause), presents a particular challenge to veterinarians. The disease is characterized by a generalized complete degeneration of muscle fibers, which Read More

Leptospiral Abortion: An Update

Infection of the pregnant mare by pathogenic leptospires can result in abortion, stillbirth, or birth of a weak foal. Yearly assessments of leptospiral abortions is important, as disease incidence can vary based on fluctuating environmental factors Read More

EVA Outbreak in Argentina

An outbreak of abortion associated with equine arteritis virus (EAV) infection occurred on a Thoroughbred breeding farm in San Antonio de Areco, Buenos Aires Province, in March 2010. On March 31, EAV was detected by reverse-transcription polyme Read More

International Equine Disease Report Second Quarter 2010

The International Collating Center, Newmarket, United Kingdom, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks. Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was reported from Germany, Italy, and the USA. A single mare Read More

Water Quality Testing

Your horse's water can be tested for physical/physiochemical properties, excessive nutrients, or toxicity. Read More

'Heart Attacks' and Heart Disease in Horses

The cardiovascular system, which is composed of the heart and blood vessels, is essential for the distribution of oxygen, nutrients, and other critical components to all organs throughout the horse's body. As the heart is the sole pump for Read More

Foal Pneumonia Case Review

Foals, like other young animals, are especially susceptible to diseases. A review of necropsy cases over a one-year period at the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center was conducted to determine common pathologic diagnoses Read More

International Equine Disease Report First Quarter 2010

The International Collating Center, Newmarket, United Kingdom, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks. Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was reported from France, Germany, the UK, and the USA. France confirmed a single case in a T Read More

Commentary: World Equestrian Games is Just The Beginning

The eyes of the international horse community will be on Kentucky in a few months, watching and awaiting the results of the 2010 Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games (WEG). On one day, for example, NBC reportedly plans to broadcast live from the Read More

Understanding Piroplasmosis

The recent insidious emergence of piroplasmosis, a tick-borne disease, is a striking reminder of the vigilance required to remain free of the class of infectious diseases that include persistence in their pathogenesis. Pathogen persistence is t Read More

Polymerase Chain Reaction: Benefits and Drawbacks

The application of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to veterinary medicine has revolutionized the way diagnosticians detect infectious agents and genetic markers of non-infectious disease. Confusion frequently encircles this technology du Read More

Breeding on Foal Heat Considerations

Weigh the benefits and risks of breeding a mare on her first postpartum ovulation, referred to as a foal heat. Read More

Legal and Ethical Veterinary Compounding

Drug compounding can be defined as the art and science of mixing ingredients, which may be active, inactive or both, to create a specific dosage form to meet a specific patient’s needs. Compounding can be performed by a veterinarian or by Read More

Rabies: 2008 U.S. Case Report

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published 2008 data on 6,841 confirmed animal rabies cases in 49 states and Puerto Rico. (Hawaii is rabies-free.) Of these, 93 percent were confirmed in wildlife; 7 percent in domestic species. The Read More

International Equine Disease Report, Fourth Quarter 2009

The International Collating Center, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was reported in France (one case), Germany (two cases) and the United Arab Emirates Read More

Neonatal Isoerythrolysis: Foal Jaundice

Neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI) is caused by an incompatibility of blood types between a mare and her foal. If a foal inherits from its sire a red cell factor (antigen) that the mare lacks, the mare may develop antibodies to that antigen. There i Read More

Monitoring and Surveillance of Equine Infectious Diseases

Disease monitoring is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and distribution of health-related information. Surveillance is a process that is specific for a particular disease within a defined monitoring system and implies that an interv Read More

International Equine Disease Report, Third Quarter 2009

 The International Collating Centre, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was recorded in France, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the Unite Read More

Emerging Disease: Equine Proliferative Enteropathy

Equine proliferative enteropathy (EPE) is an emerging intestinal disease primarily of recently weaned foals. Lawsonia intracellularis, the causative bacterium of EPE, is capable of inducing similar disease in many animal species Read More

Kentucky State Vet's Office Prepares for WEG

From September 25 through October 10, 2010, the Kentucky Horse Park in Lexington, Kentucky, will host the Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games (WEG). More than 700 equine athletes representing 60 different countries are expected to be imported in Read More

Disease Defense: National Veterinary Stockpile

The introduction of a damaging animal disease like foot-and-mouth could devastate American animal agriculture, harm the economy, and, for zoonotic reasons, threaten the public's health. Having enough resources for a rapid response is crucial. Read More

Understanding Antibody Titers

One of the most often used and least understood immunological terms is antibody titer. But what does titer mean, and how can this information be used in assessing the immune status of a horse?

A titer is defined as the Read More

Nitrate Poisoning in Horses

Fortunately, nitrate/nitrite poisoning is not a common problem in horses. However, due to serious and potentially fatal consequences of nitrate/nitrite poisoning, horse owners should be aware of the condition and understand the risk factors. Read More

Commentary: Animal Guardianship and Horses

Imagine that overnight a new state law goes into effect declaring that from now on you do not own your animals but rather you are their "guardian." Does this sound farfetched? Some local communities have already made this change The first legal Read More