Equine Disease Quarterly

Equine Disease Quarterly is a quarterly equine disease research newsletter published by the University of Kentucky's Gluck Equine Research Center, and funded by underwriters at Lloyd's of London, brokers, and their agents.

Articles by Quarterly Equine Disease

International Equine Disease Report, First Quarter 2011

The International Collating Center, Newmarket, United Kingdom, and other sources reported the following Read More

Getting a Handle on Glanders

Glanders, caused by Burkholderia mallei, is a highly contagious bacterial disease in equids and is widely Read More

Commentary: Thinking Outside the Box for Equine Disease Diagnostics

With sick animals, people often think negative diagnostic results are "bad" results since the cause of disease is still unknown. However, we would do well to remember Thomas Edison's mindset: "I have not failed. I have just found 10,000 ways that Read More

Rabies in Horses: Preventable but Still Invariably Fatal

The risk of rabies exposure for horses is higher in geographic localities where the disease is endemic in raccoons, skunks, foxes, or other terrestrial reservoirs. Rabies transmission can also occur from a rabid bat to a horse or secondarily from Read More

Dealing with Ticks

Ticks are not only unsightly, they also can transmit infectious diseases such as ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease, and piroplasmosis to horses. Severe infestations can cause skin irritations and even anemia (a decrease of healthy red blood cells). Read More

Kentucky's EIA Surveillance and Testing in 2010

During the 2010 calendar year, 95,384 serum samples were tested for equine infectious anemia (EIA) in Kentucky with no positive animals being discovered. Of these, 84,111 samples were collected and tested to comply with state regulations governing Read More

International Equine Disease Report, Fourth Quarter 2010

International reports of contagious equine metritis, equine herpesvirus, equine influenza, strangles, equine piroplasmosis, equine arteritis virus, Eastern equine encephalomyelitis, West Nile virus, salmonella, and more. Read More

The Changing Face of Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Mosquito-borne virus infections of horses pose a continuous and expanding threat to equine health in the United States and internationally. The majority of equine mosquito-borne diseases in the United States today are preventable by immunization; Read More

Search for the Cause of Equine Atypical Myopathy

Equine atypical myopathy (EAM), a seasonal, pasture-associated muscle disorder of unknown etiology (cause), presents a particular challenge to veterinarians. The disease is characterized by a generalized complete degeneration of muscle fibers, which Read More

Leptospiral Abortion: An Update

Infection of the pregnant mare by pathogenic leptospires can result in abortion, stillbirth, or birth of a weak foal. Yearly assessments of leptospiral abortions is important, as disease incidence can vary based on fluctuating environmental factors Read More

EVA Outbreak in Argentina

An outbreak of abortion associated with equine arteritis virus (EAV) infection occurred on a Thoroughbred breeding farm in San Antonio de Areco, Buenos Aires Province, in March 2010. On March 31, EAV was detected by reverse-transcription polyme Read More

International Equine Disease Report Second Quarter 2010

The International Collating Center, Newmarket, United Kingdom, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks. Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was reported from Germany, Italy, and the USA. A single mare Read More

Water Quality Testing

Your horse's water can be tested for physical/physiochemical properties, excessive nutrients, or toxicity. Read More

'Heart Attacks' and Heart Disease in Horses

The cardiovascular system, which is composed of the heart and blood vessels, is essential for the distribution of oxygen, nutrients, and other critical components to all organs throughout the horse's body. As the heart is the sole pump for Read More

Foal Pneumonia Case Review

Foals, like other young animals, are especially susceptible to diseases. A review of necropsy cases over a one-year period at the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center was conducted to determine common pathologic diagnoses Read More

International Equine Disease Report First Quarter 2010

The International Collating Center, Newmarket, United Kingdom, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks. Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was reported from France, Germany, the UK, and the USA. France confirmed a single case in a T Read More

Commentary: World Equestrian Games is Just The Beginning

The eyes of the international horse community will be on Kentucky in a few months, watching and awaiting the results of the 2010 Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games (WEG). On one day, for example, NBC reportedly plans to broadcast live from the Read More

Understanding Piroplasmosis

The recent insidious emergence of piroplasmosis, a tick-borne disease, is a striking reminder of the vigilance required to remain free of the class of infectious diseases that include persistence in their pathogenesis. Pathogen persistence is t Read More

Polymerase Chain Reaction: Benefits and Drawbacks

The application of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to veterinary medicine has revolutionized the way diagnosticians detect infectious agents and genetic markers of non-infectious disease. Confusion frequently encircles this technology du Read More

Breeding on Foal Heat Considerations

Weigh the benefits and risks of breeding a mare on her first postpartum ovulation, referred to as a foal heat. Read More

Legal and Ethical Veterinary Compounding

Drug compounding can be defined as the art and science of mixing ingredients, which may be active, inactive or both, to create a specific dosage form to meet a specific patient’s needs. Compounding can be performed by a veterinarian or by Read More

Rabies: 2008 U.S. Case Report

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published 2008 data on 6,841 confirmed animal rabies cases in 49 states and Puerto Rico. (Hawaii is rabies-free.) Of these, 93 percent were confirmed in wildlife; 7 percent in domestic species. The Read More

International Equine Disease Report, Fourth Quarter 2009

The International Collating Center, Newmarket, England, and other sources reported the following disease outbreaks.

Contagious equine metritis (CEM) was reported in France (one case), Germany (two cases) and the United Arab Emirates Read More

Neonatal Isoerythrolysis: Foal Jaundice

Neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI) is caused by an incompatibility of blood types between a mare and her foal. If a foal inherits from its sire a red cell factor (antigen) that the mare lacks, the mare may develop antibodies to that antigen. There i Read More

Monitoring and Surveillance of Equine Infectious Diseases

Disease monitoring is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and distribution of health-related information. Surveillance is a process that is specific for a particular disease within a defined monitoring system and implies that an interv Read More