Diagnosing Disorders of Sexual Development in Horses: Male or Female?

Fertility issues in the horse can stem from multiple causes. One cause in mares is due to a disorder of sexual development (DSD) whereby the sex chromosome complement (genotype, or genetic code) is abnormal and does not agree with the external appearance of the horse (phenotype, or observable characteristics). One common DSD observed in horses occurs when the phenotype is female but the geno

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