Book Excerpt: Oxygen Supply

Editor's Note: This is an excerpt from Happy Trails by Les Sellnow. This book is available from

Many people worry that horses coming from near sea level will have trouble acclimating to the mountain altitudes. If they are physically fit, horses have an easier time adjusting than humans, and it's all due to physiology. Red blood cells distribute oxygen throughout the body. The horse is unique in that it stores extra red blood cells in the spleen. When the normal supply circulating through the bloodstream is being used to the maximum, the spleen contracts and pushes forth more blood cells to serve as additional oxygen carriers.

You will find upon reaching altitudes of 8,000 feet and above that you will be gasping for air with any little exertion until you have become acclimated, yet your horse will recover quickly even after a long, steep climb. You don't have that extra supply of red blood cells to carry additional loads of oxygen.
Just as your animals should be well conditioned, so should you. Traveling through rugged terrain puts a whole lot more stress on legs and the rest of your body than riding along a trail with only gentle hills and valleys.

Doing some cross-country walking or jogging (on your own feet) before heading off on a mountain trip is a good idea. Talk with your doctor before beginning an exercise program so you will know what is right for your body.

About the Author

Les Sellnow

Les Sellnow is a free-lance writer based near Riverton, Wyo. He specializes in articles on equine research, and operates a ranch where he raises horses and livestock. He has authored several fiction and non-fiction books, including Understanding Equine Lameness and Understanding The Young Horse, published by Eclipse Press and available at or by calling 800/582-5604.

Stay on top of the most recent Horse Health news with FREE weekly newsletters from Learn More