Echocardiographs and Pulmonary Arterial Pressures

Researchers have found that echocardiographic measurements of the pulmonary artery, aorta, and heart chambers gave a valid estimate of pulmonary artery pressures (PAP) in horses. The ability to measure PAP is key to diagnosing and following treatment of equine heart disorders.

In the past, PAP was only done as an invasive procedure with specialized equipment not available to most

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