Texas Animal Health Answers Horse Identification FAQ's
- May 25, 2006
The National Animal Identification System (NAIS) is designed to provide the capacity to rapidly identify all animals and premises (sites) that have had direct contact with a disease. NAIS consists of three components:
1. Premises (or site) identification
2. Animal identification
3. Animal tracking.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has set benchmarks for completing each component of the program. By January 2007, 25% of the country's premises are to be registered. By January 2008, 70% of the premises are to be signed up, and by January 2009, the three components are to be fully functioning.
The program is national, but each state is responsible for implementing premises identification. Premises are locations where livestock or fowl are handled, managed, housed, or processed.
The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC), as of May 2006, has implemented premises identification on a voluntary basis. Proposed regulations for mandatory identification were tabled until at least 2007.
Identifying a premises involves obtaining a seven-character alpha-numeric identifier for the farm, ranch, veterinary clinic or other site where livestock or fowl are handled, housed, managed or processed. Signing up can be accomplished on the TAHC web site or by mail.
Information requested includes the contact person's name, phone number, the premises' physical address, and a list of species raised on the site. Acreage or herd or flock size is not requested.
This component of the NAIS will come on line gradually, and will involve identifying livestock and fowl that are moved from their premises of origin (place of birth). Depending on the species of animal, the identification may be accomplished with a tag, band, microchip, radio frequency identification device (RFID tag) or other form of identification.
Animal tracking databases, approved by the USDA and operated by companies, associations or other entities, will hold livestock and fowl movement information. This data will be accessed by animal health regulatory agencies for disease control purposes.
Dispelling Rumors, Myths & Misinformation
I've got only one animal, so why do I need to have my premises identified?
Your one animal may be as susceptible to disease as the herd or flock with hundreds. In the event of disease, state and federal animal health veterinarians and inspectors must ensure that all disease is stamped out. Going door-to-door to locate susceptible animals that must be tested or vaccinated is inefficient and costly!
Wouldn't you want to know if a disease incident occurs in your area, so you can take proper precautions? Identifying all premises enables an efficient and effective response to disease.
I read that dogs and cats are included.
No. The NAIS involves livestock, fowl and poultry. Some of the species included are cattle, horses, swine, sheep, goats, exotic hoof stock, chickens, and turkeys.
Reports say you're going to charge $1,000 a day for not participating!
Premises identification is voluntary now.
The TAHC is a regulatory agency and has administrative penalty provisions in its law as recourse for persons who refuse to comply with livestock and poultry health regulations. The administrative penalties apply to all TAHC regulations and are imposed by an administrative law judge only after an individual has been issued a warning, provided opportunity for compliance, and allowed a hearing.
I'll have to call the government each time I ride my horse, haul my sheep, or take my pigs to a show.
That's not necessary! However, please call if you have questions, would like disease information, or need entry regulations for shows or travel.
Animal tracking information will be recorded in private databases. When implemented, movements can be reported by computer, or by paper document.
National species-specific working groups are determining which movements need to be reported, how specific species should be identified, and how to make the program work for the producer.
These groups are comprised of association representatives, owners of large and small flocks or herds, and state and federal members. The Equine Species Working Group, for instance, is wrestling with reporting issues.
Horses aren't food animals. They don't need to be included.
The NAIS isn't a food safety program. It is a tool to address animal disease. Horses are susceptible to a number of diseases. Also, during a disease outbreak, horses may be caught up in movement restrictions or requirements, even if they are not susceptible to the disease, because viruses and bacteria can be carried on hooves and hides of animals, on vehicles, clothing, and equipment.
When animal movement tracking goes into effect, will I report every ride?
The Equine Species Working Group, in a recent document states: "Not every single movement of a horse will have to be reported. Movements such as local trail rides, shows or ropings wouldn't be required reportable events. It is likely that movements would be reportable when horses are transported interstate or to a premises where a brand inspection, certificate of veterinary inspection, or other health papers are required."
How about 4H and FFA kids?
Youths who house their animals at home can use their parents' premises identification.
If the parents don't have animals and don't need a premises identification, the student may be able to use the identification issued to the 4H Club or FFA Chapter.
For more info, brochures, or to schedule an ID presentation, call the Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC), at 800/550-8242.
TAHC web site: http://www.tahc.state.tx.us
USDA's ID web site: http://animalid.aphis.usda.gov/nais/index.shtml
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