All Vesicular Stomatitis Quarantines Released in Texas

For the first time since May 19, Texas has no livestock restrictions due to vesicular stomatitis (VS), a blistering disease thought to be transmitted by sand flies and black flies that appears every few years in the Southwest. Sick livestock usually begin to heal several weeks after exhibiting blisters, sloughing skin, or sores in and around the mouth, above the hooves, or on the muzzle or teats. This announcement came just weeks before the Breeders' Cup was to be held at Lone Star Park in Grand Prairie, Texas, on Oct. 30.

Texas was the first of three states to have VS in 2004. This summer, tests confirmed VS in horses and cattle on 15 premises in eight counties. The final Texas quarantine was released on Oct. 18. The Texas Animal Health Commission says Texas currently has no VS cases, quarantines, or active VS investigations. Animal health officials lift premise quarantines 30 days after lesions heal.

While the release of Texas VS quarantines will make it easier to ship Texas livestock to other states, horse owners and veterinarians should check with states of destination prior to transport to ensure all entry requirements are met.

As of Nov. 1, 111 premises in 23 Colorado counties, and 37 premises in eight New Mexico counties, remained quarantined due to VS. Infected animals included horses, cattle, an alpaca, a llama, and several sheep and goats.

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