Horse Health Glossary

Not sure what that veterinary word means? Look it up below!

Reprinted with permission from the University of California, Davis, The Book of Horses edited by Mordecai Siegal.

KARYOTYPE:
A magnified photographic array of the chromosomes derived from an individual cell.
KERATECTOMY:
Surgical removal of a portion of the cornea.
KERATIN:
An insoluble, sulfur-rich protein that represents the principal component of skin, hair, and nails (hooves).
KERATINIZATION:
The process whereby keratinocytes in the epidermis mature to form the outer, horny layer of the skin.
KERATINOCYTES:
Skin cells that produce keratin; they are the major cell type of the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin.
KERATITIS:
Inflammation of the cornea.
KERATOLYTIC:
Capable of causing softening and peeling of the outer (horny) layer of the skin.
KERATOMA:
Slowly growing tumor of the underlying structures of the hoof wall.
KETONE BODIES, KETONES:
Organic compounds produced by fatty acid and carbohydrate metabolism in the liver; elevated (toxic) levels are often produced in individuals with diabetes mellitus.
KETONURIA:
Spillage of ketone bodies (ketones) into the urine in diabetic ketoacidosis.
KICKING CHAINS:
Restraint device placed on the hind leg above the fetlock to discourage kicking.
KIDNEY:
Either of the two bean-shaped organs in the lower abdominal cavity that are responsible for filtering toxic waste products from the blood, producing the important hormone erythroipoietin, and maintaining the body's water and electrolyte balance.
KILOCALORIE (KCAL):
Unit defined as the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree Celsius (centigrade); the "large" calorie; commonly called simply Calorie.
KILOGRAM:
One thousand grams (2.2 pounds).

Free Newsletters

Sign up for the latest in:

From our partners