Foal Care

Article

Botulism in Foals: A Survivable Disease

March 01, 2003

Botulism in foals less than six months of age is readily treated, with a survival rate of more than 95% in appropriately treated foals. Treatment can include nursing care, intravenous fluid support, nasogastric or nasoesophageal tube feeding... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Botulism in Foals: A Survivable Disease

February 13, 2003

Historically, botulism has usually been seen as a fatal problem for the young foal. However, Pamela Wilkins, DVM, PhD, of the Graham French Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center, said that she ha... Read More

Article

Failure of Serologic Tests to Detect Rhodococcus equi Foal Pneumonia

February 13, 2003

In the past, some veterinarians have relied on commercially available serologic tests to establish, confirm, or rule out a diagnosis of foal pneumonia caused by the soil-borne bacteria Rhodococcus equi.... Read More

Article

Diagnosis and Treatment of Rhabdomyolysis in Foals

February 13, 2003

We hear a lot about a horse experiencing rhabdomyolysis (tying-up) during or after exercise. However, foals are also susceptible to muscle damage. Stephanie Valberg, DVM, PhD, of the University of Minnesota, presented "A Review of the Diagnosis... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Reproduction

February 04, 2003

The reproduction session at the annual AAEP meeting in Orlando, Fla., was something of an A to Z seminar with an international flavor. It started with speakers from North America presenting discussions on endometrial echotexture (ultrasound... Read More

Article

High-Risk Pregnancies and Sick Foals

January 09, 2003

In defining a high-risk mare, Bain said she is one which has had previous foaling problems such as dystocia (difficult delivery), hemorrhage, or a red bag delivery. He said a mare also could be at risk because of medical illness, surgery, colic... Read More

Article

WNV Vaccination in Mares and Foals

January 01, 2003

There were nearly 14,000 reported cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in the United States in 2002 by the end of November, and many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Vaccination in Mares and Foals

December 04, 2002

There were nearly 14,000 reported cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in the United States in 2002 by the end of November, and many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling... Read More

Article

Exercise and Bone Development

December 01, 2002

Beneath the smooth surface of articular cartilage, subchondral bone gives structural support to joints. Normally, newborn foals have a lot of water in this layer, which is slowly replaced by calcium and collagen as the foal weights his joints.... Read More

Article

Clostridia-Associated Enterocolitis in Foals

November 25, 2002

Clostridia-associated enterocolitis (inflammation of the small intestine and colon) affects both humans and horses, young and old alike. According to Nathan Slovis, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM, of Hagyard-Davidson-McGee (HDM) Associates veterinary clinic i... Read More

Article

The Colicky Foal

November 04, 2002

The first thing to decide in a foal with abdominal pain is if the colic is surgical or non-surgical, said Bernard. He stressed the importance of observance "before you jump on it" and start taking vitals and administering medications.... Read More

Article

Clostridium in Mares and Foals

October 01, 2002

Newborn foals are especially susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases such as clostridial enterocolitis, which is characterized by abdominal pain, diarrhea, toxemia, shock, or death without prior signs. While this disease occurs only... Read More

Article

Separating Mare and Foal for Work

August 01, 2002

A young breeder asked me if she could take a mare from her foal for one hour every day. That young breeder would like to ride the mare; therefore she'll leave the foal in the box. I am not a fan of that. I told her that it would be a... Read More

Article

Bute Toxicity in Neonates

May 01, 2002

Q: My wife and I were told that giving Bute (phenylbutazone) to a mare in foal can cause heart defects in the foal, similar to aspirin taken by women in early pregnancy. Is there any connection? A: Signs of phenylbutazone toxicity in foals whose...... Read More

Article

LSU Foal Study On Viral Infections and Recurrent Airway Obstruction

May 01, 2002

Louisiana State University researchers in the School of Veterinary Medicine have begun a study to investigate the effect of viral infections on the immune response of neonatal foals, specifically if exposure to influenza virus reduces the risk... Read More

Article

Foal Hyperbaric Chamber Studies Commence

April 12, 2002

Studies examining the effects of hyperbaric oxygen on dummy foals and those with septic joints have begun.... Read More

Article

Some NY Farms Experiencing Foaling Problems

April 05, 2002

Some New York breeding farms have experienced an unusual number of foaling problems so far this breeding season, and slightly higher incidences of sickness and herpesvirus abortions. There is evidence to suggest a slight connection between the... Read More

Article

Straightening Crooked Legs

April 03, 2002

It is not unusual for foals to be born with some level of angular limb deformity, but this becomes a problem when the deformity is severe and doesn't self-correct quickly. If the deviation is relatively minor, it might be resolved with stall... Read More

Article

Common Foal Eye Problems

March 01, 2002

The foal's eyes are fully developed at birth. Disorders of the foal eye might be noted at birth, or they can be inherited or acquired after birth. Low tear film production, a round pupil, reduced corneal sensation, and a temporary lack of some... Read More

Article

Foal Urination and Defecation

March 01, 2002

The first urination in foals typically occurs within the first six hours for females and the first twelve hours for males. Like defecation, the first urination in foals very often occurs soon after the first nursing.... Read More

Article

Working for the Betterment of Horses

February 01, 2002

Moyer and Johnson are excited about the future of equine research, not only at Texas A&M, but around the world. And that excitement was made possible in large part to a woman who wanted to better the world in which horses live.... Read More

Article

Investigating Foal Respiratory Disease

January 09, 2002

"While many outbreaks of respiratory disease in foals are infectious in nature, this is not always the case," she began. "Environmental factors can have a profound effect."... Read More

Article

Turnout Time for Warmblood Foals

December 01, 2001

I am being told by "professionals" that warmblood foals should be turned out a limited amount of time. The "professionals" were a farrier (who shoes Olympic-quality horses) and a respected veterinarian. Their reasoning is that warmblood babies grow... Read More

Article

Testing Passive Transfer of Antibodies

December 01, 2001

Q. In an article about the newborn foal’s care (article #287), Christina Cable, DVM, talks about the CITE test as one of the most frequently use... Read More

Article

Gait To Gate

October 18, 2001

The scene at a horse sale is familiar. The smell of coffee fills the air as early morning enthusiasts walk through the barns. A "first-time-off-the-farm" filly whinnies as her dam is trotted down the aisle for a group watching her stride. A man... Read More