Stallion Anatomy and Physiology

Breeding horses is a precarious business at best. Despite great strides in research, conception rates overall are not high. Some researchers place them as low as 55-60% of all mares bred. In many cases, blame is placed on the mare. She is too old, she has uterine cysts, scar tissue, abnormal perineal conformation, a malfunctioning endocrine system--and the list goes on. However, it

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