Foal Care

Article

Foal Temperature Regulation

August 01, 2003

Q: I recently clipped my 1-week-old Norwegian Fjord colt as he was having a hard time with the 95-97-degree heat here in Florida. We at first thought he was really sick with a fever, but after ruling out everything else we (me,... Read More

Article

Wetting the Bed

July 01, 2003

I just started raising a few minis. This year I have a colt which was born with a urinary problem. He keeps dripping urine, not every minute but especially when he lies down. His genital area will be wet, just like kids when they sleep and... Read More

Article

Effects of Imprinting

July 01, 2003

Results of Texas A&M University's research into imprinting's effects on six-month-old foals conclude that neither the frequency of imprinting sessions nor their timing after birth influenced foals' later behavior. Some veterinarians disagree... Read More

Article

Limb Deformities: Congenital or Acquired?

July 01, 2003

As the foal takes his initial stance, a proud owner takes stock to see how straight and strong the youngster's legs are. Many foals are born with seemingly crooked legs (congenital). Most of these crooked legs straighten by the time the foal is ... Read More

Article

Life Without Mom

July 01, 2003

One of the most traumatic times in a young horse's life is when he is separated from his mother at weaning time. From birth, he has been dependent on the mare for sustenance and protection. At weaning time that changes, and the youngster must... Read More

Article

Conservative Therapy for Crooked Foals

April 01, 2003

The most common angular limb deformity in foals is carpus valgus (sometimes called toeing out) in which affected foals have limbs that flare outward below the carpus (knee). This deformity can be corrected surgically with hemi-circumferential... Read More

Article

Botulism in Foals: A Survivable Disease

March 01, 2003

Botulism in foals less than six months of age is readily treated, with a survival rate of more than 95% in appropriately treated foals. Treatment can include nursing care, intravenous fluid support, nasogastric or nasoesophageal tube feeding... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Botulism in Foals: A Survivable Disease

February 13, 2003

Historically, botulism has usually been seen as a fatal problem for the young foal. However, Pamela Wilkins, DVM, PhD, of the Graham French Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center, said that she ha... Read More

Article

Failure of Serologic Tests to Detect Rhodococcus equi Foal Pneumonia

February 13, 2003

In the past, some veterinarians have relied on commercially available serologic tests to establish, confirm, or rule out a diagnosis of foal pneumonia caused by the soil-borne bacteria Rhodococcus equi.... Read More

Article

Diagnosis and Treatment of Rhabdomyolysis in Foals

February 13, 2003

We hear a lot about a horse experiencing rhabdomyolysis (tying-up) during or after exercise. However, foals are also susceptible to muscle damage. Stephanie Valberg, DVM, PhD, of the University of Minnesota, presented "A Review of the Diagnosis... Read More

Article

AAEP 2002: Reproduction

February 04, 2003

The reproduction session at the annual AAEP meeting in Orlando, Fla., was something of an A to Z seminar with an international flavor. It started with speakers from North America presenting discussions on endometrial echotexture (ultrasound... Read More

Article

High-Risk Pregnancies and Sick Foals

January 09, 2003

In defining a high-risk mare, Bain said she is one which has had previous foaling problems such as dystocia (difficult delivery), hemorrhage, or a red bag delivery. He said a mare also could be at risk because of medical illness, surgery, colic... Read More

Article

WNV Vaccination in Mares and Foals

January 01, 2003

There were nearly 14,000 reported cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in the United States in 2002 by the end of November, and many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling... Read More

Article

West Nile Virus Vaccination in Mares and Foals

December 04, 2002

There were nearly 14,000 reported cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in the United States in 2002 by the end of November, and many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling... Read More

Article

Exercise and Bone Development

December 01, 2002

Beneath the smooth surface of articular cartilage, subchondral bone gives structural support to joints. Normally, newborn foals have a lot of water in this layer, which is slowly replaced by calcium and collagen as the foal weights his joints.... Read More

Article

Clostridia-Associated Enterocolitis in Foals

November 25, 2002

Clostridia-associated enterocolitis (inflammation of the small intestine and colon) affects both humans and horses, young and old alike. According to Nathan Slovis, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM, of Hagyard-Davidson-McGee (HDM) Associates veterinary clinic i... Read More

Article

The Colicky Foal

November 04, 2002

The first thing to decide in a foal with abdominal pain is if the colic is surgical or non-surgical, said Bernard. He stressed the importance of observance "before you jump on it" and start taking vitals and administering medications.... Read More

Article

Clostridium in Mares and Foals

October 01, 2002

Newborn foals are especially susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases such as clostridial enterocolitis, which is characterized by abdominal pain, diarrhea, toxemia, shock, or death without prior signs. While this disease occurs only... Read More

Article

Separating Mare and Foal for Work

August 01, 2002

A young breeder asked me if she could take a mare from her foal for one hour every day. That young breeder would like to ride the mare; therefore she'll leave the foal in the box. I am not a fan of that. I told her that it would be a... Read More

Article

Bute Toxicity in Neonates

May 01, 2002

Q: My wife and I were told that giving Bute (phenylbutazone) to a mare in foal can cause heart defects in the foal, similar to aspirin taken by women in early pregnancy. Is there any connection? A: Signs of phenylbutazone toxicity in foals whose...... Read More

Article

LSU Foal Study On Viral Infections and Recurrent Airway Obstruction

May 01, 2002

Louisiana State University researchers in the School of Veterinary Medicine have begun a study to investigate the effect of viral infections on the immune response of neonatal foals, specifically if exposure to influenza virus reduces the risk... Read More

Article

Foal Hyperbaric Chamber Studies Commence

April 12, 2002

Studies examining the effects of hyperbaric oxygen on dummy foals and those with septic joints have begun.... Read More

Article

Some NY Farms Experiencing Foaling Problems

April 05, 2002

Some New York breeding farms have experienced an unusual number of foaling problems so far this breeding season, and slightly higher incidences of sickness and herpesvirus abortions. There is evidence to suggest a slight connection between the... Read More

Article

Straightening Crooked Legs

April 03, 2002

It is not unusual for foals to be born with some level of angular limb deformity, but this becomes a problem when the deformity is severe and doesn't self-correct quickly. If the deviation is relatively minor, it might be resolved with stall... Read More

Article

Common Foal Eye Problems

March 01, 2002

The foal's eyes are fully developed at birth. Disorders of the foal eye might be noted at birth, or they can be inherited or acquired after birth. Low tear film production, a round pupil, reduced corneal sensation, and a temporary lack of some... Read More