Kentucky Equine Research Inc.

Articles by Equine Research Kentucky

Exercise Benefits Senior Horses

Age-related issues can limit performance, but regular exercise remains important for older horses. Read More

Feeding Starved or Malnourished Horses

Overfeeding these horses can cause them more harm than good. The best initial feed is often good-quality hay. Read More

Slower Feeding is Safer Feeding for Horses

A better equine feeding system will offer small amounts of grain and forage over many hours. Read More

DHA Positively Affects Semen Quality

Various supplements are commonly given to breeding stallions in hopes of improving semen quality, but conflicting reports exist on their effectiveness. Researchers have found, however, that the supplement ingredient DHA, an omega-3 fatty acid found Read More

Feeding to Achieve a Moderate Body Condition

Every horseperson has seen the telltale signs of a thin horse: the disproportionately skinny neck, the protruding spine, the row of ribs, and the jutting hipbones. Thanks in part to advances made in feeding management, veterinary care, parasite Read More

Forage Buffering Capacity Relevant in Gastric Ulcer Prevention

The capacity of feeds and forages to counteract changes in gastric pH (their buffering capacity) plays an important role in the prevention of gastric ulcers in horses. Alfalfa hay has been shown to be more effective in reducing the severity of ulcers Read More

Fescue: A Danger to Pregnant Mares

In many parts of the world horse pastures contain a fair percentage of fescue, a hardy perennial grass that thrives despite heavy hoof traffic, intense grazing, and adverse growing conditions. Unfortunately, there's a drawback: 75% of all fescue is Read More

Bran Mash: What's it Really Good For?

What's in a bran mash? And what is it meant to do? Read More

Hay Cubes as Alternative Forage Source

According to Kentucky Equine Research nutritionist Kathleen Crandell, PhD, hay cubes are an option to consider as an alternative forage source for horses. "The most popular types of forage cubes are made from coarsely chopped alfalfa hay, timothy hay Read More

Flehmen Response in Horses

Flehmen is the term used to describe the behavior in which a horse extends its neck, raises its head, and inhales as it rolls its upper lip back, displaying its front teeth. Sharon Crowell-Davis, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVB explains that horses display the Read More

Heart Problems in Horses

The circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) and respiratory system (lungs and airway) work together to provide oxygen throughout the horse's body, and to transport waste material from the horse's tissues. During exercise, the circulatory and Read More

Neuroaxonal Dystrophy in Horses

Neuroaxonal dystrophy (NAD) is a degenerative central nervous system disease of horses, humans, and other animals. Horses affected with NAD usually appear dull or depressed with weakness and mild to severe gait abnormalities (ataxia) that affect all Read More

Omega-3 Fatty Acids to Treat Arthritis

Researchers have found that omega-3 fatty acids have direct anti-inflammatory actions that might be useful for the treatment of osteoarthritis and lameness in horses. Inflammation is characterized by pain, swelling, heat, redness, and loss of use. Read More

Antioxidants for Top Performance

Oxidation is a metabolic process that allows horses to transform carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into energy Read More

Dirt an Important Source of Iron for Horses

Horses constantly ingest dirt when they graze. While excessive dirt consumption sometimes causes problems such as sand accumulation in the large intestine, the dirt that horses normally consume while grazing supplies some essential nutrients Read More

Refeeding Malnourished Horses

Few sights are more tragic than malnourished or starved horses. Outright neglect does occur, but not all underweight horses are victims of abuse. Horses might be recovering from serious conditions that have led to weight loss, and their Read More

Soaking Hay Can Lower Dust Concentrations

Wetting hay before feeding can significantly reduce the dust concentration in the horse's breathing zone. Read More

Cold Weather Diets

While young or old horses might need feed changes, healthy horses usually tolerate winter weather. Read More

Targeted Diets Can Aid Horses with Liver Disease

The power of targeted equine nutrition programs is unquestionable. Take, for instance, the feeding management practices that almost entirely relieve horses of the crippling signs associated with tying-up. By reducing starch intake and filling Read More

Tying-Up: Current Diagnosis and Nutritional Management

Researchers estimate that three of every 100 performance horses will experience signs of tying-up. Read More

Poor Nutrition Impacts Hooves

In recent years more horse people have expressed an interest in the effects of poor nutrition and hoof health. Read More

Stymied by Long-Stem Versus Short-Stem Forages?

Nutritionists normally recommend horses consume some "long-stem" forage each day. Long-stem forage is best defined as hay or pasture. This recommendation respects the natural desire of horses to graze, as horses are hardwired to spend Read More

Forages: The Foundation of Equine Gastrointestinal Health

Horses have evolved over millions of years as grazers, with specialized digestive tracts adapted to digest and utilize diets containing high levels of plant fiber. They are capable of processing large quantities of forage to meet their nutrient Read More

Spring Green: Sprucing Up Your Pastures

Picture the perfect horse farm in your mind, and you probably envision contented horses grazing velvety green fields that roll away in every direction. When you visit an actual horse pasture, however, reality often includes manure piles surroun Read More

Broodmare Nutrition Requirements Ramped Up

Mare nutritional status is a critical component in foal health from conception through weaning. Read More