Texas Officials Urge Awareness of Global Foot-and-Mouth Disease Threat

The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) reminds animal producers, marketers, and veterinarians that maintaining a foot-and-mouth disease-free United States requires constant awareness and vigilance.

Anyone involved with livestock needs to recognize the general signs of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and how to report suspicious symptoms. Foot-and-mouth disease is not contagious to people, but the viral disease that affects cattle, hogs, and other cloven-hoofed animals is characterized by the presence of vesicles (blisters) in the mouth, or on the muzzle, teats, and feet. The FMD virus can accidently be carried on people’s clothing, footwear and vehicles from one farm location to another.

“In today’s world where people travel and trade so much internationally, we need to remember that the introduction of FMD to (American) livestock is an ongoing threat," said Dee Ellis, DVM, Texas’ state veterinarian. "Producers should always be aware of who’s coming in contact with their livestock and where those people may have been previously.” The introduction of FMD would create severe economic and trade implications for Texas producers, added Ellis.

The TAHC and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) have created state and national response plans for dealing with high consequence animal diseases such as FMD if introduced. The TAHC and USDA routinely partner with other federal agencies as well, to help prevent the intentional or accidental introduction of foreign animal diseases or foreign pests into the United States. The TAHC works closely with the various Texas livestock industries also, to maintain viable contingency plans in case FMD was introduced into the state.

Vigilance and sound biosecurity practices are the best first line of defense against FMD. Good practices include:

  • Understanding the animal disease status of foreign countries when visiting farms or ranches;
  • Thorough cleaning and disinfection of footwear and other clothing after foreign travel;
  • Following USDA APHIS and US Customs & Border Patrol restrictions for import of animal products; and
  • Controlling international visitor contact with Texas livestock species and agriculture facilities

Foot-and-mouth disease is present in a number of continents including South America, Africa and Asia, with recent outbreaks occurring in South Korea, Japan and Bulgaria; it was last diagnosed on U.S. soil in 1929.


Related Articles:
United States Offers Foot-and-Mouth Disease Measures
Update on Foot-and-Mouth Recommendations

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